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Hinduism in Gibraltar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hinduism is a minority faith in Gibraltar followed by 2% of the population[1]. Most of the Hindus in Gibraltar are of Sindhi origin.

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Transcription

Contents

Demographics

According to 2000 census Hindus numbered 491 and made up 1.8% of the population of Gibraltar[2].According to an estimate from 2012, the population of Hindus made up 2%.[3][4]

The demographics of Hindus from 1970 to 2012:[5]

Year Population of Hindus Percent of Hindus Increase in Percentage
1970 238 1.0%
1981 393 1.5% +0.5%
1991 555 2.1% +0.6%
2001 491 1.8% -0.3%
2012 628 2.0% +0.2%

History

Ram, Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman at Gibraltar Hindu Temple
Ram, Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman at Gibraltar Hindu Temple

The first people in Gibraltar from British India are thought to have arrived in 1870 from the area around Hyderabad taking advantage of the new Suez Canal. The new Sindhi merchants were able to establish businesses with local managers that they could manage remotely. Indians faced some resistance from Gibraltarians and in 1921 the seven Hindu traders required licences to operate. By 1950 the number of licences had tripled but the real demand for assistance was when the border was closed by the Spanish and there were no Spanish shop assistants. There were nearly 300 trading licences by 1970.[6]

There was resistance to the Hindu community but arranged marriages were reducing and the community shared common schools with the other groups in Gibraltar. It was said that the date for deciding whether a person was a true Gibraltarian was designed to exclude as many Indians as possible but by 1973 the local Hindu lawyer Haresh Budhrani assessed that Hindus were able to fully join in with the community.[6]

On the day of Divali in 1993 the community started using the Gibraltar Hindu Temple. By 1999 the decoration was complete and the Prana pratishta ceremony was formally performed by a priest from India. The wider community celebrated the new temple when the Governor of Gibraltar Richard Luce formally opened the temple on 1 March 2000.

Contemporary Society

In 2004 Budhrani was elected the Speaker in the House of Assembly[6] and he later became the first speaker of the Gibraltar Parliament.[7]

In 2012 the Mayor of Gibraltar made the news when he announced that he was inviting the Hindu community into Gibraltar City Hall to celebrate the Hindu festival of Divali.[8]

Hindus have the highest proportion (%) of pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE's (Grades A-C) in Gibraltor.Hindus also have the highest percentage of people of working age with a degree.Hindus also has the least Crime rate in Gibraltor.[9][circular reference]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.gibraltar.gov.gi/new/sites/default/files/HMGoG_Documents/Full%20Census%20Report%202012%20FINAL.pdf
  2. ^ "Flag of Gibraltar". GeoNova Flags via HighBeam Research. 1 August 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2012.(subscription required)
  3. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_gi.html
  4. ^ https://www.gibraltar.gov.gi/new/sites/default/files/HMGoG_Documents/Full%20Census%20Report%202012%20FINAL.pdf
  5. ^ https://www.gibraltar.gov.gi/new/sites/default/files/HMGoG_Documents/Full%20Census%20Report%202012%20FINAL.pdf
  6. ^ a b c Archer, Edward G. (2006). Gibraltar, Identity And Empire. Routledge. p. 233.
  7. ^ Gibraltar Parliament (ed.). "Composition of Parliament". Retrieved 2012-10-21.
  8. ^ "Hindu laud Gibraltar Mayor". Bharat Press. November 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  9. ^ https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Gibraltar
  • Haller, Dieter: Let it Flow – Economy, Spirituality and Gender in the Sindhi Network. Anthropological Theory 2005 5: 154-175
  • Haller, Dieter: Space and Ethnicity in Two Merchant Diasporas: a Comparison of the Sindhis and the Jews of Gibraltar, in: GLOBAL NETWORKS: a journal of transnational affairs 2003, Vol 3. No 1: 75-96
This page was last edited on 10 March 2019, at 10:34
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