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Hinduism by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Percentage of Hindus by country, according to the Pew Research Center.

Hinduism has approximately 1.2 billion adherents worldwide (15% of the world's population).[1] Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world behind Christianity (31.5%) and Islam (23.3%).[2]

Most Hindus live in Asian countries, and the majority of Nepal and India are Hindus, and a significant number in Mauritius. Countries with more than 500,000 Hindu residents and citizens are (in decreasing order) India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia (with Bali being 87% Hindu), Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the United States, Malaysia, United Kingdom, Myanmar, Australia, Mauritius, South Africa, Canada, and the United Arab Emirates.

There are significant numbers of Hindu enclaves around the world, with many in South Africa, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Hinduism is also practiced by the non-Indic people including the Balinese of Bali island (Indonesia), Tengger and Osing of Java (Indonesia), the Balamon Chams of Vietnam, and Ghanaian Hindus in Ghana.

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Transcription

Background

Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion and consists of many schools of thought. Hinduism includes a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet(s) nor any binding holy book; Hindus can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, monistic, agnostic, humanist, or atheistic.[3]

Demographic estimates

Demographic estimates of Hindu populations by country have been published by the Pew Research Center in 2012,[4] as well as US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2006.[5]

By total number, India has the most Hindus. As a percentage, Nepal has the largest percentage of Hindus in the world, followed by India and Mauritius.[6] The Hindu population around the world as of 2020 is about 1.2 billion, making it the world's third-largest religion after Christianity and Islam, of which nearly 1.1 billion Hindus live in India.[7][8] India contains 94% of the global Hindu population.[9][10] According to a statistical study, an estimated 100 million Hindus live outside of India.[11] In 2010, only two countries in the world had a majority of their population as Hindus – Nepal and India.[12] In Mauritius, 48.14 percent of the population were Hindu, according to the 2015 census.[13] Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Fiji, Bhutan, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Sri Lanka have very large and influential Hindu minorities.[weasel words][citation needed]

By country

Sources used for the table below include the US State Department,[5] the CIA World Factbook,[14] adherents.com, thearda.com,[15][16] and Pew Research Center.[17][18] and as identified.

Hinduism by country
Region Country Hindu total Percentage Total population Census year
South Asia Afghanistan <1,000(est) <0.01%[19][20] 31,889,923 2017
North Africa Algeria 5,720 0.01%[21] 43,053,053 2019
Western Europe Andorra 300 - 400 0.4%[22] 60,000 >2012
Caribbean Anguilla 50 - 60 0.43%[23] 13,452 -NA-
Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda 379 0.4%[24] 81,799 -NA-
South America Argentina 4,000+ 0.01%[25] 40,301,927 -NA-
Oceania Australia 684,000 2.7%[26] 23,401,400 2021
Central Europe Austria 11,000 0.1%[27] 8,900,000
Middle East Bahrain 7,000 – 144,286[note 1] <1%–9.8%[30][note 1] 708,573
South Asia Bangladesh 14,300,000 8.54%[31] 167,000,000 2011
Caribbean Barbados 1,055 0.46%[32] 226,193
Western Europe Belgium 6,235 0.06%[33] 10,392,226
Central America and Caribbean Belize 612 0.2%[34] 294,385
South Asia Bhutan 185,700 22.6%–25%[35][36] 742,737
Southern Africa Botswana 3,353 0.3%[37] 1,372,675
South America Brazil 5,675–9,500 0.0029%[38]–0.01% 192,755,799
Southeast Asia Brunei 131 0.035%[39] 374,577
West Africa Burkina Faso 150 0.001%[citation needed] 14,326,203
Central Africa Burundi 8,391 0.1%[40][41] 8,390,505
Southeast Asia Cambodia 41,988 0.3%[42][43] 13,995,904
North America Canada 828,200 2.3%[44] 36,990,141 2021
Central Europe Czech Republic 2,404 0.023%[45] 10,436,560
East Asia China 20,000[46] <0.1%[47] 1,412,600,000
South America Colombia 8,876 0.02%[48] 44,379,598
East Africa Comoros 711 0.1%(approx)
[citation needed]
711,417
Central Africa Congo (Kinshasa) 30,000[18] 0.18%[18] 65,751,512
Balkans Croatia 449 0.01% (approx)[49] 4,493,312
North America Cuba 23,927 0.21%[50] 11,394,043
West Africa Côte d'Ivoire 18,013 0.1%[51][52] 18,013,409
Middle East Cyprus 4,640 0.4%[53] 1,160,987 2015
Western Europe Denmark 5,468 0.1%[54][55] 5,468,120
East Africa Djibouti 99 0.02%[56] 496,374
Caribbean Dominica 145 0.2%[57] 72,386
North Africa Egypt 2,700 0.003%[58] 82,761,244 2010
East Africa Eritrea 4,907 0.1% (approx)[59] 4,906,585
Eastern Europe Estonia 295 0.027%[60] 1,094,564
Oceania Fiji 261,136 27.9%[61][62] 935,974
Western Europe Finland 5,000 0.1%[63] 5,238,460
Western Europe France 121,000 0.2%[64] 63,718,187
Eastern Europe Georgia 465 0.01% (approx)[65] 4,646,003
Western Europe Germany 130,000 0.15% (approx)[66] 82,660,000
West Africa Ghana 12,500 0.05% (approx)[67] 22,931,299
Western Europe Gibraltar 628 2.0%[68] 32,194
Caribbean Grenada 630 0.7%[69] 89,971
Caribbean Guadeloupe 2,300 0.5%[70] 460,000
South America and Caribbean Guyana 190,966 24.9%[71] 769,095
Central Europe Hungary 1,767[72] 0.02% 9,956,108
South Asia India 1,053,000,000 79.8%[73][74][75] 1,320,000,000 (2011 Census)
Southeast Asia Indonesia 4,679,053[76] 1.71%[76] 273,873,000 2021
Middle East Iran 20,000[18] <0.1[18] 65,397,521
Western Europe Ireland 14,300 0.30%[77] 4,761,865 2016
Middle East Israel c.500–1,400 0.01%[78] 9,412,850 2020
Western Europe Italy 108,950 0.2% (approx)[79] 60,418,000
Caribbean Jamaica 1,836 0.07%[80] 2,780,132
East Asia Japan 30,000[18] <0.1[18] 127,433,494
Middle East Jordan 10,185 0.1[81] 10,185,500 2020
Central Asia Kazakhstan 1,878 0.01%[82] 18,632,000 2020
East Africa Kenya 60,000[18] 0.1%[18] 37,000,000
East Asia Korea, South 12,452 0.015% (approx) 49,044,790
Middle East Kuwait 300,667[note 2] 12%[84] 2,505,559
Eastern Europe Latvia 179 0.012%[85] 1,481,823
Middle East Lebanon 4,926 0.1% (approx)[86] 4,925,502
Eastern Europe Lithuania 344 0.01%[87] 2,561,000
Southern Africa Lesotho 2,125 0.1% (approx)[88][89] 2,125,262
West Africa Liberia 3,196 0.1% (approx)[90] 3,195,931
North Africa Libya 6,037 0.1%[91][92] 6,036,914
Western Europe Luxembourg 336 0.07% (approx)[93] 480,222
Southern Africa Madagascar 19,449 0.1%[94][95] 19,448,815
Southern Africa Malawi 2,721 – 2,726 0.02%[96] – 0.2%[97] 13,603,181
Southeast Asia Malaysia 1,949,850 6.3%[98][99] 30,949,962
Caribbean Martinique 1,317 0.3%[100] 439,202
South Asia Maldives 37 0.01%[101] 369,031
Southern Africa Mauritius 670,000 50.63%[102][103] 1,266,000 2020
Eastern Europe Moldova 433 0.01% (approx)[104] 3,200,000
North Africa Morocco 200 0.0006[105] 32,781,860 2011
Southern Africa Mozambique 10,453 – 41,811 0.05%[106] – 0.2%[107] 20,905,585
Southeast Asia Myanmar 252,763[108] 0.5%[109] 50,279,900[110] 2014
South Asia Nepal 23,677,744 81.19%[111] 29,164,578[112] 2021
Western Europe Netherlands 96,110 – 200,000 0.58%[113] – 1.20%[114] 16,570,613
Oceania New Zealand 123,534 2.63%[115] 4,115,771
Western Europe Norway 23,140 0.5% 4,627,926
Middle East Oman 96,147 – 182,679 3%[116] – 5.7%[117] 3,204,897
South Asia Pakistan 4,444,870 2.14%[118] 196,000,000 2017
Central America Panama 9,726 0.3%[119][120] 3,242,173
Southeast Asia Philippines 30,634[15] <0.1%[15] 102,000,000[121]
Western Europe Portugal 7,396 0.07% 10,642,836
Central Europe Poland 2,421 0.008%[122] 30,575,000
Caribbean Puerto Rico 3,550 0.09%[123] 3,944,259
Middle East Qatar 422,118 15.1%[124] 2,795,484[125] 2020
East Africa Réunion 55,409 6.7%[126] 927,000
Eastern Europe Russia 143,000 0.1%[127] 141,377,752
Oceania Samoa 38 0.02% (approx) 187,429
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis 860 1.82%[128] 47,195 2011
Middle East Saudi Arabia 303,611[note 3] 0.6%[130] – 1.1%[131] 27,601,038
East Africa Seychelles 5,508 5.4%[132][133] 102,812 2022
West Africa Sierra Leone 2,458 – 6,145 0.04%[134] – 0.1%[135] 6,144,562
Southeast Asia Singapore 280,000 5.0%[136][137] 5,600,000 2011
Central Europe Slovakia 5,448 0.1% (approx)
[citation needed]
5,447,502
Central Europe Slovenia 500 0.025% (approx)
[citation needed]
2,009,245
Eastern Africa Somalia 8,278 0.06%[138] 13,797,204 2015
Southern Africa South Africa 505,000 0.9%[139]-1.1%[18] 49,991,300
South Asia Sri Lanka 2,671,000 12.6%[140] 21,200,000 2011
South America and Caribbean Suriname 120,623 – 128,995 22.3%[141] – 27.4%[142] 470,784
Southern Africa Eswatini 1,700 – 2,266 0.15%[143] – 0.2%[144] 1,133,066
Western Europe Sweden 7,044 – 10,837 0.078% – 0.12%[145] 9,031,088
Western Europe Switzerland 28,708-50,000[146][147] 0.38%[148][149]-0.6%[150] 7,554,661
East Africa Tanzania 50,000[151] 0.11%[151] 39,384,223
Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago 240,100 18.2%[152][153][154] 1,056,608 2011
Southeast Asia Thailand 65,000 0.1%[155] 65,068,149
Oceania Tonga 100 0.1%[156] 103,043
North Africa Tunisia 120 0.001%[157] 11,303,942 2016
Middle East Turkey 843 0.001%[158] 83,614,362 2020
Eastern Europe Ukraine 42,386 0.1%[159] 42,386,400
East Africa Uganda 100,000[47] 0.3%[47] 38,225,447
Middle East United Arab Emirates 490,000[note 4] 5 - 20%[161] 9,682,000
Western Europe United Kingdom 1,020,000 1.7%[162][163] 60,776,238 2017
North America United States 3,338,210 1.0%[164] 332,000,000 2020
Caribbean United States Virgin Islands 528 1.9%[165] 28,054
Central Asia Uzbekistan 2,778 0.01% (approx)
[citation needed]
27,780,059
Southeast Asia Vietnam 70,000 0.07% 85,262,356
Middle East Yemen 155,614 0.7%[166] 22,230,531
Southern Africa Zambia 16,068 0.14%[167][168] 11,477,447
Southern Africa Zimbabwe 3,000 0.02% 12,311,143
Total 1,100,000,000 - 1,120,000,000 15%[1] 7,500,000,000

By region

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, in the 4th column, is the percentage of the population that is Hindu in a specific region (Hindus in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world).

(Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not the Middle East).

Hinduism in Africa
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Central Africa 193,121,055 N/A N/A N/A
East Africa 193,741,900 667,694 0.345% 0.071%
North Africa 202,151,323 5,765 0.003% 0.001%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 1,269,844 0.926% 0.135%
West Africa 268,997,245 70,402 0.026% 0.007%
Total 885,103,542 2,013,705 0.225% 0.213%
Hinduism in Asia
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Central Asia 92,019,166 149,644 0.163% 0.016%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 130,631 0.009% 0.014%
West Asia 274,775,527 3,187,673 1.5% 0.084%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 1,068,728,901 70.05% 98.475%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 6,386,614 1.118% 0.677%
Total 3,903,418,706 1,074,728,901 26.01% 99.266%
Hinduism in Europe
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Balkans 65,407,609 449 0.001% 0.001%
Central Europe 74,510,241 163 0% 0%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 717,101 0.337% 0.076%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,313,640 0.348% 0.138%
Total 728,571,703 2,030,904 0.278% 0.214%
Hinduism in the Americas
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Caribbean 24,898,266 279,515 1.123% 0.030%
Central America 41,135,205 5,833 0.014% 0.006%
North America 446,088,748 2,131,127 0.478% 0.191%
South America 371,075,531 389,869 0.105% 0.041%
Total 883,197,750 2,806,344 0.281% 0.263%
Hinduism in Oceania
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Oceania 38,552,683 791,615 2.053% 0.071%
Total 38,552,683 791,615 2.053% 0.071%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers are included or not. The official census of the Bahrain government states that 99% of its citizens are Muslims, and the remaining 1% includes Jews, Christians, Hindus, and Bahais.[28] According to a 2017 publication by Abdullahi An-Na'im, the Muslims in Bahrain constitute 99.3% of the total population.[29]
  2. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. The official Kuwaiti government census data does not count Hindus as residents or citizens of Kuwait.[83]
  3. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. The Saudi Arabian government mandates that all Saudi citizens must be Muslims, and it prohibits public practice of Hinduism and other non-Muslim religions.[129]
  4. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. 80% of the UAE population consists of non-citizen temporary workers, and an estimated 25% of these workers may be Hindu. Only Sunni Muslims can be naturalized new citizens in the UAE. According to the US State Department, the federal constitution of the UAE designates Islam as the official religion, and Islam is also the official religion of all seven of the individual emirates in the federal union. The Government does not recognize all non-Muslim religions and only a limited number of Christian groups are granted legal recognition in UAE. Non-Muslim and non-Christian religions such as Hinduism are not recognized legally in any of the emirates.[160]

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