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List of grand masters of the Knights Templar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coat of arms of the Grand Master.[a]
Coat of arms of the Grand Master.[a]

The grand master of the Knights Templar was the supreme commander of the holy order, starting with founder Hugues de Payens in 1118. Some held the office for life while others resigned life in monasteries or diplomacy. Grand masters often led their knights into battle on the front line and the numerous occupational hazards of battle made some tenures very short.

Each country had its own master, and the masters reported to the grand master. He oversaw all of the operations of the order, including both the military operations in the Holy Land and Eastern Europe, and the financial and business dealings in the order's infrastructure of Western Europe. The grand master controlled the actions of the order but he was expected to act the same way as the rest of the knights. After the Pope issued a bull on behalf of the Templars, the grand master was obliged to answer only to him.

List of grand masters

# Arms Name Time in office
1
Armoiries Hugues de Payens.svg
Hugues de Payens 1118–1136
2
Armoiries Robert de Craon.svg
Robert de Craon 1136–1147
3
Armoiries Evrard des Barres.svg
Everard des Barres 1147–1151
4
Armoiries Bernard de Tramelay.svg
Bernard de Tremelay  1151–1153
5
Armoiries André de Montbard.svg
André de Montbard 1153–1156
6
Armoiries Bertrand de Blanquefort.svg
Bertrand de Blanchefort 1156–1169
7
Armoiries Philippe de Milly.svg
Philip of Nablus 1169–1171
8
Armoiries Eudes de Saint-Amand.svg
Odo de St Amand (POW) 1171–1179
9
Armoiries Arnaud de Toroge.svg
Arnold of Torroja 1181–1184
10
Armoiries Gérard de Ridefort.svg
Gerard de Ridefort  1185–1189
11
Armoiries Robert de Sablé.svg
Robert de Sablé 1191–1193
12
Armoiries Gilbert Hérail.svg
Gilbert Erail 1193–1200
13
Armoiries Philippe du Plaissis.svg
Phillipe de Plessis 1201–1208
14
Armoiries Guillaume de Chartres.svg
Guillaume de Chartres 1209–1219
15
Armoiries Pierre de Montaigu.svg
Pedro de Montaigu 1218–1232
16
Armoiries Armand de Périgord.svg
Armand de Lavoie (POW) 1232–1244
17
Blason Bures-sur-Yvette.svg
Richard de Bures[b] 1245–1247
18
Armoiries Guillaume de Saunhac.svg
Guillaume de Sonnac  1247–1250
19
Armoiries Renaud de Vichiers.svg
Renaud de Vichiers 1250–1256
20
Armoiries Thomas Bérard.svg
Thomas Bérard 1256–1273
21
Armoiries Guillaume de Beaujeu.svg
Guillaume de Beaujeu  1273–1291
22
Armoiries Thibaud Gaudin.svg
Thibaud Gaudin 1291–1292
23
Coat of arms Jacques de Molay.svg
Jacques de Molay 1292–1314

Notes

Footnotes

  1. ^ According to the Beyeren Armorial.[1]
  2. ^ Armand de Périgord was either killed or captured at the Battle of La Forbie; authorities differ. Richard de Bures commanded the Templars until the election of Guillame de Sonnac; whether he was Grand Master is disputed.[2]

References

  1. ^ Wapenboek Beyeren (armorial)—KB79K21—folios 001v (left) and 002r (right). Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  2. ^ Armand de Perigord (1178–1247). www.templiers.org. Retrieved February 7, 2021.

See also

This page was last edited on 7 February 2021, at 12:31
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