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Federal Reserve Bank Note

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Federal Reserve Bank Notes are banknotes that are legal tender in the United States issued between 1915 and 1934, together with United States Notes, silver certificates, Gold Certificates, National Bank Notes and Federal Reserve Notes.[1] They had the same value as other kinds of notes of similar value. Federal Reserve Bank Notes are different from Federal Reserve Notes in that they are backed by one of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks, rather than by all collectively. They were backed in a similar way to National Bank Notes, using U.S. bonds, but issued by Federal Reserve banks instead of by chartered National banks. Federal Reserve Bank Notes are no longer issued; the only U.S. banknotes still in production since 1971 are the Federal Reserve Notes.

Large size Federal Reserve Bank Notes were first issued in 1915 in denominations of $5, $10, and $20, using a design that shared elements with both the National Bank Notes and the Federal Reserve Notes of the time. Additional denominations of $1, $2, and $50 were issued in 1918.

Small size Federal Reserve Bank Notes were printed as an emergency issue in 1933 using the same paper stock as National Bank Notes. They were printed in denominations of $5 through $100. A National Bank Note has a line for the signature of the president of the national bank. The small size Federal Reserve Bank Note printed a bar over the label for this line, since Federal Reserve Banks had governors, not presidents.[2] The wording was also changed to add, "Or by like deposit of other securities" after the phrase, "Secured by United States bonds deposited with the Treasurer of the United States of America".[3] The twelve Federal Reserve Districts also appear on the bills as black alphabetically sequenced letters, from "A" to "L", a system essentially followed today on the $1 and $2 bills.

This emergency issue of notes was prompted by the public hoarding of cash due to many bank failures happening at the time. This also limited the ability of the National Banks to issue notes of their own. Small size Federal Reserve Bank Notes were discontinued in 1934 and have been no longer available from banks since 1945.[2] As small size notes, they have brown seals and serial numbers, as do National Bank Notes of the era. But while they look very similar, and both have the words, "National Currency" across the top of the obverse, they had different issuers and are considered to be distinctly different types of bills.

Complete denomination type set of Federal Reserve Bank Notes

Large-size notes

Large-size Federal Reserve Bank Notes: Series 1915/1918
Image Value Dimensions Main Color Description
Obverse/Reverse Obverse Reverse
US-$1-FRBN-1918-Fr.713.jpg
$1 Large-size note
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black George Washington Eagle with flag.
US-$2-FRBN-1918-Fr.749.jpg
$2 Large-size note
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black Thomas Jefferson Battleship (New York Class, BB-34 and BB-35).
US-$5-FRBN-1918-Fr.790.jpg
$5 Large-size note
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black Abraham Lincoln Columbus in sight of land; landing of the pilgrims
US-$10-FRBN-1915-Fr.817.jpg
$10 Large-size note
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black Andrew Jackson Industry vignettes (farm and factory)
US-$20-FRBN-1915-Fr.828.jpg
$20 Large-size note
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black Grover Cleveland Transportation vignettes (land, sea, and air)
US-$50-FRBN-1918-Fr.831.jpg
$50 Large-size note
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black Ulysses S. Grant Panama between two ships
US-$100-FRBN-1915-PROOF (no Fr.).jpg
$100 Large-size proof
7.375 x 3.125 inches (187 x 79 mm)
Green; Black Benjamin Franklin None, this denomination was never issued (proof only)

Small-size notes

Small-size Federal Reserve Bank Notes: Series 1929
Image Value Dimensions Main Color Description
Obverse/Reverse Obverse Reverse
US-$5-FRBN-1929-Fr.1850-B.jpg
$5 Small-size note
6.125 x 2.625 inches (156 x 67 mm)
Green; Black Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Memorial
US-$10-FRBN-1929-Fr.1860-B.jpg
$10 Small-size note
6.125 x 2.625 inches (156 x 67 mm)
Green; Black Alexander Hamilton US Treasury Building
US-$20-FRBN-1929-Fr.1870-D.jpg
$20 Small-size note
6.125 x 2.625 inches (156 x 67 mm)
Green; Black Andrew Jackson The White House
US-$50-FRBN-1929-Fr.1880-B.jpg
$50 Small-size note
6.125 x 2.625 inches (156 x 67 mm)
Green; Black Ulysses S. Grant US Capitol Building
US-$100-FRBN-1929-Fr.1890-D.jpg
$100 Small-size note
6.125 x 2.625 inches (156 x 67 mm)
Green; Black Benjamin Franklin Independence Hall

References

  1. ^ "Legal Tender Status". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Six Kinds of United States Paper Currency". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  3. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: History of Currency Designs". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
This page was last edited on 23 September 2019, at 18:50
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