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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Felix Gouin
Félix Gouin député SFIO 1936.jpg
Chair of the Provisional Government of the French Republic
In office
26 January 1946 – 24 June 1946
DeputyMaurice Thorez
Francisque Gay
Preceded byCharles de Gaulle
Succeeded byGeorges Bidault
President of the Constituent National Assembly
In office
8 November 1945 – 22 January 1946
PresidentCharles de Gaulle
Preceded byÉdouard Herriot (1940)
Succeeded byVincent Auriol
President of the Consultative Assembly
In office
9 November 1943 – 8 November 1945
Personal details
Born(1884-10-04)4 October 1884
Peypin, France
Died25 October 1977(1977-10-25) (aged 93)
Nice, France
NationalityFrench
Political partySocialist
Other political
affiliations
SFIO

Félix Gouin (French: [feliks ɡwɛ̃]; 4 October 1884 – 25 October 1977) was a French Socialist politician who was a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).

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Transcription

Contents

Personal life

Félix Gouin was born in Peypin, Bouches-du-Rhône, the son of school teachers. He studied law in Aix-en-Provence.

In 1940 he was among the minority of parliamentarians refusing to grant full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain.

During the war, he was part of the central committee which reconstituted the Human Rights League and also co-founded the Brutus Network, a Socialist Resistance group.

In 1946, he then succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government. Gouin's tenure was arguably most notable for seeing the enactment of France’s first ever compulsory, amply funded retirement and worker’s compensation laws.[1] In addition, both the 40-hour law and overtime pay were re-established, while the comites d'entreprise (works councils) were extended to firms with 50 workers.[2] In April 1946, a statute was adopted by the French Parliament that abolished the colonial legal status of France’s four oldest colonies: Reunion, Guyane, Martinique, and Guadeloupe.[3] Gouin's time in office also witnessed a significant extension of the role of the state in the workings of the French economy, with electricity, gas, coal, and the nine main insurance groups nationalized.[4]

Honours and awards

Government (26 January – 24 June 1946)

References

  1. ^ Hicks, Alexander (1999). Social Democracy and Welfare Capitalism: A Century of Income Security Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0801485568.
  2. ^ Steinhouse, Adam (2001). Workers' Participation in Post-liberation France. ISBN 9780739102831.
  3. ^ http://plc.revues.org/pdf/258
  4. ^ A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume Two: 1933-1951 by Martin Gilbert
  5. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 38. Retrieved 2 October 2012.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Charles de Gaulle
Chair of the Provisional Government of France
1946
Succeeded by
Georges Bidault
This page was last edited on 29 January 2020, at 07:15
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