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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paul Ramadier
Paul Ramadier.jpg
Prime Minister of France
In office
22 January 1947 – 24 November 1947
Preceded byLéon Blum
Succeeded byRobert Schuman
Personal details
Born17 March 1888
La Rochelle, France
Died14 October 1961(1961-10-14) (aged 73)
Rodez, France
Political partySFIO

Paul Ramadier (17 March 1888 in La Rochelle – 14 October 1961 in Rodez) was a politician and a French statesman.

Biography

Son of a Psychiatrist Paul Ramadier graduated in law from the university of Toulouse and started his profession as a lawyer in Paris. Then, in 1911, he gained his doctorate in Roman Law. Mayor of Decazeville, starting in 1919, he served as the first Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic in 1947. He adhered to the socialist party with 16 years.[1] On 10 July 1940, he voted against the granting of the full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain, who installed the Vichy regime the next day.

Ramadier took part in the Resistance where he used the nom de guerre Violette.[2] His name was included in the Yad Vashem Jewish memorial after the war. Under the government of General De Gaulle (1944–1945), he was Minister for Provisions, earning a reputation as a hardworker, pragmatic and conciliatory politician.[3] It was during his first ministry that the Communists were forced out of the government in May 1947, ending the "tripartisme" coalition between the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO), Popular Republican Movement and Communists. He voted for the Marshall Plan.

From 1956 until 1957, Ramadier was Minister of Finance under Guy Mollet.

Governments

First Ministry (22 January – 22 October 1947)

Changes:

  • 4 May 1947 – Pierre-Henri Teitgen succeeds Thorez as Vice President of the Council. The other Communist ministers (Croizat, Marranne, and Tillon) also resign.
  • 9 May 1947 – Daniel Mayer succeeds Croizat as Minister of Labour and Social Security. Robert Prigent succeeds Marranne as Minister of Public Health and Population. Jean Letourneau succeeds Tillon as Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning. Eugène Thomas enters the Cabinet as Minister of Posts.
  • 11 August 1947 – Robert Lacoste succeeds Letourneau as Minister of Commerce, becoming thus Minister of Commerce and Industry.

Second Ministry (22 October – 24 November 1947)

Political offices
Preceded by
Pierre-Henri Teitgen
Minister of Justice
1946–1947
Succeeded by
André Marie
Preceded by
Léon Blum
Prime Minister of France
1947
Succeeded by
Robert Schuman

References

  1. ^ Yvert, Benoît (2007). Premiers ministres et présidents du Conseil depuis 1815. Perrin-Tempus. p. 603
  2. ^ Mee, Charles L (11 February 2015). Saving a Continent: The Untold Story of the Marshall Plan. New Word CIty.
  3. ^ Yvert, Benoît (2007). Premiers ministres et présidents du Conseil depuis 1815. Perrin-Tempus. pp. 603–605.

External links

This page was last edited on 6 September 2020, at 02:22
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