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Trotton with Chithurst

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Trotton with Chithurst is a civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England. Trotton is on the A272 road 7 miles (11 km) west of Midhurst. Chithurst is about 1 mile (1.6 km) north west of Trotton. The parish also contains the hamlet of Dumpford.

In the 2001 census the parish covered 7.7 square kilometres (3.0 sq mi) and had 129 households with a total population of 328. 160 residents were economically active.[1] At the 2011 Census the population had only increased marginally to 329.[2]

Trotton

Trotton Bridge
Trotton Bridge

The village of Trotton is an Anglican parish on the A272, which passes over the River Rother near the church. Traffic over the sandstone bridge, which is Grade I listed and dates to about 1600,[3] is controlled by traffic lights because it is too narrow for two vehicles to pass.

Parish church

St George's Church dates to around 1230,[4] and was rebuilt in about 1400.[5] The church is used by the British Orthodox Church once a month.

History

Trotton (Traitone or Trattone) was listed in the Domesday Book (1086) in the ancient hundred of Dumpford as having 14 households comprising four villagers and ten smallholders; with ploughing land, woodland, meadows, a mill and a church, it had a value to the lord of the manor of £5.[6]

In 1861, the population of the Anglican parish was 452, and its area was 3,877 acres (1,569 ha).[5]

Notable people

According to Samuel Johnson, the author Thomas Otway was born in Trotton (Johnson calls it "Trottin") in 1652.[7] Otway's father, Humphrey, was curate of the parish.[5]

Chithurst

The village of Chithurst contains St. Mary's Church and Cittaviveka, the Chithurst Buddhist Monastery, which is a Buddhist monastery located in Chithurst, which was founded by Ajahn Chah and Ajahn Sumedho.

The church dates to the 11th century[8] It is one of the smallest recorded in Taylor & Taylor's Anglo-Saxon Architecture and exhibits Saxon features in the proportions, the thinness of the walls, a splayed window in the south chancel wall, long-and-short work quoins with large shaped stones, and some herringbone work in the stone rubble masonry of the walls. It consists of nave and chancel which show these signs of construction in the Anglo-Saxon era, later west porch and bell turret.

Chithurst (Titcherste) was listed in the Domesday Book (1086) in the ancient hundred of Dumpford as having 14 households comprising six villagers, five smallholders and three slaves; with ploughing land, woodland, meadows, a mill and a church, it had a value to the lord of the manor of £3.[9]

In 1861, Chithurst had a population of 213 and an area of 1,047 acres (424 ha) of which, according to Kelly's 1867 Directory "about 360 are waste and wood land".[10]

Dumpford

Dumpford is a hamlet located on a minor road between Trotton and Elsted railway station, and also the name of an historic Hundred, which encompassed 277 households in the settlements of South Harting, East Harting and West Harting, Elsted, Treyford, Chithurst and Trotton.[11]

Dumpford has an hotel, Southdowns Country Hotel, a sewage works and Terwick watermill.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Trotton with Chithurst (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Trotton Bridge (1221337)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  4. ^ Chatterton-Newman, Roger (1991). Betwixt Petersfield and Midhurst. Midhurst: Middleton Press. ISBN 0-906520-94-0.
  5. ^ a b c "GENUKI: Trotton". Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Open Domesday: Trotton". Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  7. ^ Johnson, Samuel (1961). Lives of the English Poets, 1779-1781. Oxford University Press.
  8. ^ Salzman, L. F. (ed) (1953). "A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4: The Rape of Chichester.  Chithurst". Victoria County History of Sussex. British History Online. pp. 4–6. Retrieved 21 January 2012.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^ "Open Domesday: Chithurst". Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  10. ^ "GENUKI: Chithurst". Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Open Domesday: Hundred of Dumpford". Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  12. ^ Simon Potter. "Sussex Watermills : Watermills in Sussex : Watermills of Sussex : Sussex Group". sussexmillsgroup.org.uk.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 December 2019, at 19:17
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