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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chesme Column in Tsarskoe Selo.
Chesme Column in Tsarskoe Selo.

The Chesme Column (Russian: Чесменская колонна) is a rostral column (a type of victory column) in Catherine Park of the former Russian royal residence of Tsarskoye Selo, a suburb of Saint Petersburg, Russia, that commemorates three Russian naval victories in the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774, specifically the Battle of Chesma. It was constructed in the Large Pond of the Landscape Park of the Catherine Palace to Rinaldi's designs over the years 1774-78.[1] The column should not be confused with the Chesme Obelisk in Gatchina.

The monument is a Doric rostral column of white-and-pink marble, decorated with ship bows rostra and crowned by a bronze figure of an eagle (symbol of Russia) trampling a crescent (symbol of Turkey). The column stands on a grey marble pedestal lined with bronze bas-reliefs illustrating the Russian victories: these were destroyed by the Germans during World War II and subsequently restored from old photographs. The pedestal rests on a stepped pyramid-like granite platform.[1]

Gallery

Eagle trampling a crescent moon
Eagle trampling a crescent moon
A fragment of the original bas-relief found at the bottom of the pond
A fragment of the original bas-relief found at the bottom of the pond

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Chesme Column". tzar.ru. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.

Coordinates: 59°42′36″N 30°23′37″E / 59.7101°N 30.3936°E / 59.7101; 30.3936

This page was last edited on 17 September 2019, at 21:06
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