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Chesme Column in Tsarskoe Selo.
Chesme Column in Tsarskoe Selo.

The Chesme Column (Russian: Чесменская колонна) in Tsarskoye Selo commemorates three Russian naval victories in the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774, specifically the Battle of Chesma. It was constructed in the Large Pond of the Landscape Park of the Catherine Palace to Rinaldi's designs over the years 1774-78.[1] The column should not be confused with the Chesme Obelisk in Gatchina.

The monument is a Doric rostral column of white-and-pink marble, decorated with ship bows rostra and crowned by a bronze figure of an eagle (symbol of Russia) trampling a crescent (symbol of Turkey). The column stands on a grey marble pedestal lined with bronze bas-reliefs illustrating the Russian victories: these were destroyed by the Germans during World War II and subsequently restored from old photographs. The pedestal rests on a stepped pyramid-like granite platform.[1]

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An integral part of the royal residence is a park Catherine Park consists of two parts: Regular and Landscape Old Dutch founded the Peter I Said Peter landed here oaks and raschertil alley Nevertheless, the Dutch master planned the park in 1720 on the three benches in front of the palace Regular park in the Dutch style was created for the entertainment of the service of the palace owners At the heart of the park is right and strictly symmetrical arrangement of alleys, sculptures Shrubs and trees neatly trimmed into the shape of balls and pyramids are located between entertainment pavilions The park is decorated with statues and busts of marble Venetian masters of the XVIII century, located at the main entrance Statues of characters from mythology: Perseus, Mars, Andromeda, Hercules and other Many figure Regular park were lost during the occupation "Threaded channel" was intended to drain the park In the years 1775-1777 built VI Neelov 12 stages Начало «Каскадный канал» берёт из клюва лебедя-фонтана "Hermitage Kitchen" in 1770, designed by Neelova was not only the cuisine but also the entrance gate The idea of "Hermitage Kitchen" is associated with the construction of the channel instead of a deaf fence Single storey building made of brick with a through arch for the passage of crenellated towers and white stucco details on the facade Kitchen monument neogothic Pavilion "Upper bath" is located on the shores of Mirror Pond Built in 1777-1779 by the architects Neelova Early classicism style On the central alley of the Old Garden offers a great view to the "Upper bath" or "Soap their Highnesses" Nowadays it is a pavilion for exhibitions "Hermitage" looks like Catherine Palace, pavilion was designed for dining and relaxing in the narrow circle of the estate owners Pavilion located in the park away from prying eyes, so do not interfere with communication "Hermitage" designed by Mikhail Zemtsov in 1744, but later rebuilt Rastrelli "Hermitage" is not rebuilt from the XVIII century and reached our days intact "Hermitage" a unique construction of a second after the Catherine Palace "Morea column" is set in 1771 in honor of the victory of Russian fleet under the command of Count Orlov over Turkey at the Peninsula Morey Located at the intersection of three lanes "Courtesy of my colleagues" The inscription on the iron gate of the architect Stasov Gates established in 1817 in honor of Russia's victory in the Patriotic War of 1812 On the banks of the "Big Pond" to plan Rastrelli in 1755-1756 years to build a "Grotto" With the decorations inside the shells, and tuff, but the finish is not existed for a long time In 1771, "The Grotto" inside altered and became known as the "morning room" Inside placed products of colored stone and sculpture Catherine II Before the grotto is a marina "Cameron Gallery" conceived by Catherine II Charles Cameron carried the idea Designed for philosophical conversations during walks Built in 1787, The gallery is located on a hillside and on the same level with the Palace Ekaterinskim In the years 1780-1790 in the gallery set the bronze busts of the great men of the world selected by Catherine II Collected busts reflect the world of the Great Queen The Empress was very fond of the Gallery, and often walked there "The Hanging Garden" is based on the arches on the second floor There were trees and flowers Everything is chosen so that the garden was always in bloom Easy, gentle slope approved by Catherine II built Neelov IV in 1794 The ramp leads from the "Hanging Garden" in "Catherine Park" where the gates are installed extant By order of Alexander II AF Species in 1865 he planned the "Private Garden" The garden is located in front of the southern facade of the palace, surrounded by a cast-iron grille gates and covered with gold ornaments In the center of the fountain around flowerbeds In the "Private Garden" are marble sculptures made in the XIX century "Cahul obelisk" is located behind the pergola Designed by A. Rinaldi erected in honor of the victory of Russian troops over the Turks on the river Cahul, Moldova in 1770 Supervised battle Count Pyotr Rumyantsev "Pergola" terrace in the Italian style unusual structure Close views of "Cahul obelisk" and green meadow "Evening Hall" began construction in 1796 on a draft IV Neelova completed after 15 years "Evening room" consists of a small hall and two classrooms "Creaky gazebo" project Yuri Felten IV Neelova built in 1786 The name has received from the Chinese flag located on the weather vane that during rotation creaked in the wind From the entrance to the pond is a staircase of 12 steps "Concert Hall" was built in 1780 by architect Quarenghi The building is characterized by the severity of architectural forms "Concert Hall" is considered a masterpiece of Russian landscape architecture of the XVIII century "Monument AD Lansky," a favorite of Catherine II "Kitchen Ruin" Quarenghi built in 1780 as the best work of architect "Kitchen Ruin" in the dilapidated building style is made with such authenticity that believe in its falseness The architect used the original materials of ancient times "Granite Terrace" was built on the site of "Sliding Hill" designed by Luigi Rusca in 1809 On pedestals installed copies of antique sculptures Fountain "Girl with a Jug" The figure came here in 1816 and cast in bronze From the broken jug follows spring water flowing into the large pond "Hall on the island" was built in 1740 on the island which can be reached by ferry Intended for concerts and recreational skiers on the boat masters In our time, "Hall on the island" is used for concerts "Chesme Column" was erected in the years 1774-1778 in honor of the naval victories during the Russian-Turkish War of 1768-1774 Supervised battle Count AG Orlov and Admiral GA Spiridonov "Chesme column" made of marble Column crowned eagle trampling the crescent "Admiralty" consists of three buildings Built in 1773 on the project, the VI Neelova There were kept boats for skiing masters on a large pond there is also stored a collection of rowing boats. (Killed by the hands of the Germans) Nearby "Poultry houses" which contained waterfowl, as well as peacocks and pheasants The complex of buildings was part of a sailor and a house in which sailors lived rowers In our time in the restaurant building "Turkish Bath" memorial to the Russian-Turkish war and the last building in the Catherine Park Built on the orders of Nicholas I in 1852 For a sample of the architect IA Monighetti took a Turkish mosque The décor items exported from Turkey after the war "Pyramid" structure of the Romantic era in the style of the ancient mausoleum The tradition of the XVIII century parks It was built on the side of the main road, so walking could accidentally come across it Here are buried Catherine II's favorite dog "The Gothic Gate" located behind the "big pond Behind them start climbing the hill leading to the "Tower of Ruin "The Gothic Gate" cast iron and installed in 1780 "Tower of Ruin" is also dedicated to the Russian-Turkish war Built in 1771, the project YM Felten Built in the Gothic style The surface of the walls is artificially aged "Tower Ruin" resembles the ruins of the fortress, which was fashionable at the time, Architects appreciate the beauty of the ruins of Rome and Greece "Oryol gate 'erected in 1782 Installed on the road leading to the estate Gatchina GG Orlov Catherine II paid tribute to the monument during his lifetime favorite of his. GG Orlov led the fight against the plague in Moscow in 1711 At the gate the inscription: "Orloff spared from trouble Moscow" "Red Cascade" It is a system of dams between the Upper Pond and Great Pond He built the "Red Cascade" in 1770 Engineer IK Gerard About "Big Pond" set "Marble Bridge" The bridge was built in a narrow space between the "big pond" and the neighboring On the pond created seven islands for swans. Bridge set in 1774


Eagle trampling a crescent moon
Eagle trampling a crescent moon
A fragment of the original bas-relief found at the bottom of the pond
A fragment of the original bas-relief found at the bottom of the pond


  1. ^ a b c "The Chesme Column". Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.

This page was last edited on 9 July 2018, at 01:16
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