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Bolton-on-Swale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bolton-on-Swale is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. At the 2011 Census the population remained less than 100. Information regarding this population are contained in the parish of Ellerton-on-Swale.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Boletone and belonged to Count Alan of Brittany as Tenant-in-Chief. The manor had been granted by Count Alan to Thor at the time of the Norman invasion, but afterwards it was granted to Enisant Musard.[1] The manor was passed to Roald the Constable thereafter until it came into the possession of the Scrope family in Masham. They held the titles until around 1630. The descent is somewhat confused after this, but the title was seen to be in use in the 18th century by the Burton and Garthwaite families. In 1820 the title was in use by the Earl of Tyrconnell.[2][3] The etymology of the name derives from the Old English bōðl-tūn, meaning an enclosure with buildings.[4][5]

Governance

The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Catterick Bridge electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Brompton-on-Swale and Scorton ward of Richmondshire District Council.[6]

Community and culture

Bolton-on-Swale St Mary's C of E (VA) Primary School, located in the village, serves Bolton-on-Swale and Scorton. There are under 100 pupils, split into 4 classes.[7]

Geography

As the name suggests it is close to the River Swale. Bolton Beck is a tributary of the Swale which passes underneath a small bridge at the north of the village. The village is situated on the B6271 road between Scorton and Northallerton. The Coast to Coast Walk passes through the village. The village is just 0.3 miles (0.48 km) south of Scorton and 1.1 miles (1.8 km) north-east of Catterick.[6]

Climate

Climate data for Bolton-on-Swale
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14
(57)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
0
(32)
1
(34)
2
(36)
5
(41)
7
(45)
10
(50)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
0
(32)
4
(39)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53
(2.1)
43
(1.7)
41
(1.6)
56
(2.2)
43
(1.7)
64
(2.5)
51
(2)
66
(2.6)
61
(2.4)
64
(2.5)
58
(2.3)
58
(2.3)
660
(25.9)
Source: Weatherbase[8]

Religion

St. Mary's Church dates from the 14th century
St. Mary's Church dates from the 14th century

The village church is dedicated to St Mary; it serves the village and a number of other small villages, hamlets and farmsteads in the surrounding countryside. The church is a Grade II* Listed Building built on the site of previous Norman and Saxon structures.[9] The present building was erected during the early 14th century and was enlarged and restored by George Fowler Jones in 1859. Some sarcophagi were found during the restoration and may now be found on the interior wall by the door. In the vestry an unusual stone roof exists which seems to be a portion of the original Saxon structure. In the graveyard is the tomb of Henry Jenkins who, it is claimed, lived to be 169 years old. The dates on the tomb are 1500-1670.

Notable buildings

Nearby is Bolton Old Hall, a 15th-century peel tower, altered and extended in the 16th and 17th centuries. The building is Grade II listed by English Heritage.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna; Palmer, Prof J.J.N. "Open Domesday:Bolton-on-Swale". Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  2. ^ "History". Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  3. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 373–374. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  4. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0521168557.
  5. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 65. ISBN 978-0192800749.
  6. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  7. ^ "Bolton-on-Swale St Mary's C of E (VA) Primary School". Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Bolton-on-Swale". Weatherbase. 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  9. ^ "St Mary's Church". English Heritage. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Bolton Old Hall at British Listed Buildings Online". English Heritage. Retrieved 30 May 2013.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 January 2019, at 16:30
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