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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elmsted is a village and civil parish[1] in the Folkestone and Hythe District of Kent, England. It is located west of Stone Street (the B2068),[2] the Roman road which today takes traffic between Canterbury and Lympne. Within the parish are the settlements of Bodsham, North Leigh and Evington.[3] There are six elected members of the Parish Council.[4]

The parishes name, Elmsted, is formed of two words. Elm refers to the large number of Elm trees that grew there in Saxon times. The second part, sted, comes from the Saxon word stede meaning 'place'.[5]

Geography

Elmsted is a small parish encompassing an area of approximately 10 km square with its population scattered in small hamlets like Bodsham, North Leigh and Elmsted Court. Settlements are largely at the top of the chalky down land with surrounding, lowland areas being used for grazing Cattle and Sheep and other farming .[3] In these lower areas the ground contains far more in the way of clay and flint deposits than chalk. The Parish church of St James the Greater lies in the center of the parish at a kilometer or two from the parish boundary in every direction. On its eastern boundary the parish largely follows parallel to the Roman Road Stone Street. However it dips into the hamlets of Stelling Minnis and into Sixmile cottages.[1] The parish itself is 11 kilometers east of Ashford which is the nearest town.

The settlements in the parish are very scattered which can largely be attributed to the agricultural nature of the parish. Homesteads would be built next to the land that the people living in them farmed.[6] The laborers on the farms would then walk to their parish church. The parish boundaries have remained broadly consistent with only slight variations in the south-east of the parish.[7]

The parish contains no shops or doctors surgery but does have a primary school, a pub, a cidery and a number of bed-and-breakfasts.[8] The local school is Bodsham Church of England Primary School.[9] The School has around 90 students[10] and has a close link to the local church with a daily worship. It is part of the Federation of Church of England Primary Schools.

History

The Roman road Stone Street defines part of the parish's eastern border. Constructed after the 43 AD invasion of the British Isles, the road was made to make travel from Canterbury to the south coast faster and more direct for movements of troops in the Empire. It also made trade for areas surrounding the road easier[11] and later allowed the Archbishop of Canterbury to more easily monitor his diocese.

Elmsted was not named in the Domesday book but Bodsham, one of the hamlets in the parish was noted. This Is where the local school is situated today.[12]

One of the more prominent families in the parish's history were the Honywoods who lived at Evington from the 1400s until the 1900s. Signs of this can be seen in St James the Great Church where the south chapel is known as the Honywood Chapel.[3]

John Marius Wilson, of the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales gave the following description of the parish between 1870 and 1872

"ELMSTEAD, a parish in Elham district, Kent; 4½ miles ESE of Wye r. station, and 6½ ENE of Ashford. It has a post office under Ashford, and a fair on 25 July. Acres, 2, 692. Real property, £2, 692. Pop., 492. Houses, 93. The property is divided among a few. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Canterbury. Value, £80. Patron, the Archbishop of Canterbury. The church is old but good."[13]

Today the church is still under the Archbishop of Canterbury[2] and whilst the church is now older it remains in good condition. The fair on the 25th of July for St James day now no longer takes place, though a spring fair occurs May 1 in Evington Hall.[12] The number of houses in elmsted has increased significantly in the last 110 years. As of the 2011 census there were 140 houses,[14] an increase of 59 since 1901.[15]

St James the Great

The Honywood Chapel
The Honywood Chapel

The Anglican church is dedicated to St James the Great and dates back to the 11th century. It was restored in 1877 by Ewan Christian.[16] It was Grade I listed in 1966 due to its historic and architectural significance.[17] The church has an unusual wooden medieval belfry on the tower[18] which was constructed across the 13th and 14th centuries.[19] There are 6 bells in the church which were cast in 1721 by John Waylet. Before this there were 4 bells in the belfry which were recorded in 1552.[20] Much like other churches in the area its walls have been constructed with local flints.[12] It is made up of a tower in the west, a nave with north and south aisles and a chancel with north and south chapels, all of which are open making the church open and airy.[21] There are a number of large tablets[22] inside the church which are all dedicated to prominent families in the parish like the Honywoods. The church hosts a 19th-century organ as well as kitchen facilities, a toilet and a vestry which is now used for Sunday school.[12] Every second Sunday of the month a family service is held in the church. The two chapels were both added to the Church around 1300. the South Chapel is known as both a Chapel of John the Baptist and as the Honywood Chapel, the latter because of the monuments to Sir Thomas Honywood and Sir William Honywood as well as a number of dedications to the family on monuments on the walls and ledgers on the floor. In the 1877 restoration the family also paid for a new roof for the chapel.[19]

The interior of St James
The interior of St James

Demographics

Graph for Elmsted population.jpg
Occupations of males and females in Elmsted reported in the 1881 census.
Occupations of males and females in Elmsted reported in the 1881 census.

Elmsted was featured in the 1881 census which provides information on the occupational structure of the population at the time.[23] The majority of men and women worked in agriculture which reflects the rural nature of the small parish. The second largest group at that time were those working in domestic service or in offices. It is made up largely by women who were working at home whilst others living in the house would go out and work. Notably only 1 women was recorded as working in agriculture which shows how the industry was male dominated at the time.

After the mid 19th Century the village began a steady decrease in population from its peak in 1850 of just over 500 people to just over 250 in 1960.[24] It has since risen somewhat back up to just under 300 people.[25]

In 2011 according to the census data there were 156 females and 163 males living in the parish.[25] In that same year the population was largely made up of people between 35 and 64 suggesting that there are a large number of people who commute out of, Elmsted where there are very few employers, to towns nearby. Though it is notable that in Elmsted 25.7% of economically active 16 to 74 year olds are self-employed.[26] This is far higher than the average for England which is only 9.8%.[27] This may be linked to the bed and breakfasts, brewery and farms which are so common in the parish which provide full-time self-employment for many residents of the parish.

Population age groups for residents of Elmsted
Population age groups for residents of Elmsted

References

  1. ^ "Elmsted ParishCouncil". Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
  2. ^ a b The Church of England. "St James the Great, Elmsted". A Church Near You. The Church of England. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b c British History Online. "Elmsted". British History Online. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  4. ^ Kent County Council. "Council – Elmsted Parish Council". www.elmstedpc.kentparishes.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. ^ Lior (10 November 2011). "Meaning of Place Names: Why do we call places by certain names?". www.saywhydoi.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  6. ^ Johal, Dilwiner Singh (25 October 2013). "Scattered Settlement Patterns". prezi.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  7. ^ University of Portsmouth. "Boundary Map of Elmsted". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  8. ^ Google. "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  9. ^ Bodsham School. "Bodsham School - Home". www.bodsham.kent.sch.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  10. ^ Department for education. "Bodsham Church of England Primary School". Department for Education.
  11. ^ Elentari. "The Romans in Britain: Trade and Travel". h2g2.com. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d The Wye Group of Churches. "St James the Great, Elmsted". united-wye-benefice. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  13. ^ Bartholomew, John (1887). Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for Elmsted. Gazetteer of the British Isles.
  14. ^ Sillitoe, Neil (14 April 2008). "Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  15. ^ University of Portsmouth. "Elmsted total households". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  16. ^ Guffogg, Julian P. "Geograph St James the Great church, Elmstead". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  17. ^ Historic England. "CHURCH OF ST JAMES - 1241752| Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  18. ^ British Listed Buildings retrieved 20 July 2013
  19. ^ a b Guffogg, Julian. "Interior, St James the Great church, Elmstead". Geograph.
  20. ^ Love, Dickon. "Elmsted, St James the Great". Lovers Guide to the church bells of Kent.
  21. ^ Hasted, Edward (1799). "Elmsted". British History Online. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  22. ^ Hinson, Colin. "Elmsted". GENUKI. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  23. ^ University of Portsmouth. "Elmsted Occupation data 1881". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  24. ^ University of Portsmouth. "Elmsted Total Population". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  25. ^ a b Neighbourhood Statistics. "Elmsted : Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  26. ^ Sillitoe, Neil (14 April 2008). "Age Structure, 2011". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  27. ^ Sillitoe, Neil (14 April 2008). "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2017.

External links

  • Media related to Elmsted at Wikimedia Commons
This page was last edited on 19 September 2019, at 19:04
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