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Arthur Young (colonial administrator)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Arthur Henderson Young

Sir Arthur Henderson Young 1921.jpg
Arthur Henderson Young as Governor of the Straits Settlements
17th Governor of the Straits Settlements
In office
2 September 1911 – 17 February 1920
MonarchGeorge V
Preceded bySir John Anderson
Succeeded bySir Laurence Guillemard
High Commissioner for the Federated Malay States
In office
9 September 1911 – 24 August 1920
Preceded bySir John Anderson
Succeeded bySir Laurence Guillemard
Resident-General of Federated Malay States
In office
1 February 1911 – 4 September 1911[1]
Preceded byWilliam Thomas Taylor
Succeeded byEdward Lewis Brockman
(as Chief Secretary to the Government of the FMS)
10th Colonial Secretary of Straits Settlements
In office
29 June 1906 – 31 January 1911
Preceded byFrederick George Penney
Succeeded byEdward Lewis Brockman
Personal details
Born31 October 1854
Died20 October 1938(1938-10-20) (aged 83)
Spouse(s)
Lady Evelyn Anne Kennedy
(m. 1885; died 1936)
FatherColonel Keith Young
ProfessionColonial Administrator

Captain Sir Arthur Henderson Young GCMG KBE (31 October 1854 – 20 October 1938[2]) was a British colonial administrator.

Family

He was the son of Colonel Keith Young.

On 5 November 1885, he married Lady Evelyn Anne Kennedy, a daughter of Archibald Kennedy, 2nd Marquess of Ailsa, and Julia Jephson.[3]

Education

Young was educated at Edinburgh Academy and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.

Career

Young joined the 27th Inniskillings as a sub-lieutenant, and entered the Colonial Service in 1878. He was first appointed to command a Military Police unit in Cyprus. The next 27 years he spent in the colony, holding successively the positions of Assistant Commissioner at Paphos, later Commissioner at Paphos, Commissioner at Famagusta, then Director of Survey and Forest Officer and Chief Secretary to the Government of Cyprus.[4] In 1883 he contested the first elections to the new Legislative Council, but finished last in the Larnaca–Famagusta constituency with only 43 votes of the 6,899 cast.[5] Young ran again in the 1891 elections; on this occasion his candidacy aroused significant controversy, and was opposed by both Greek Cypriots and the High Commissioner. Although he failed to be elected, he successfully appealed to the Supreme Court to have the election results partially annulled on the basis of intimidation and corruption due to attempts by the priesthood to dissuade people from voting for him. However, he did not contest the subsequent by-election for the vacant seats.[6]

For six months in 1895, and for lesser periods in 1898, 1900, and 1904, Young administered the Government of Cyprus. In 1902, he went on a special mission to St. Vincent in the West Indies. He was posted as the Colonial Secretary of the Straits Settlements on 29 June 1906[4] until 1911. He became the British High Commissioner in Malaya and Governor of the Straits Settlements from 1911 to 1920.

Honours

In 1897, Young was appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)[4] and Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in November 1908.[7]

In 1916, Young was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) and Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1918.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mr. and Mrs. Brockman". The Straits Times. 5 September 1911. p. 7.
  2. ^ "Young, Captain Sir Arthur Henderson, (31 Oct. 1854–20 Oct. 1938), JP". ukwhoswho. 1 December 2007.
  3. ^ Cracrofts Peerage Archived February 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c "Our New Colonial Secretary". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 29 June 1906. p. 2.
  5. ^ Vasileios Protopapas (2011) Εκλογική ιστορία της Κύπρου: πολιτευτές, κόμματα και εκλογές στην Αγγλοκρατία (1878-1960) pp130–135
  6. ^ Protopapas, pp151–160
  7. ^ "Birthday Honours". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser2. 10 November 1908. p. 5.
  8. ^ "Sir Arthur Young Dies". Morning Tribune. 22 October 1938. p. 19.
Sources
  • Arnold Wright, Twientieth Century Impressions of British Malaya, 1908
  • Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 42
This page was last edited on 1 October 2021, at 06:33
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