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List of Governors of Singapore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Governors of Singapore were the political leaders of Singapore during its pre-independence phase in the history of Singapore.[1]

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Transcription

Contents

Residents of Singapore (1819–1826)

The Residents and Commandants of Singapore ruled the British colony that is today the Republic of Singapore. The men that held this position governed Singapore from 1819 to 1826, on behalf of the British East India Company.

British East India Company (EIC)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1
Portrait of William Farquhar (c. 1830).jpg
Maj-Gen. William Farquhar
(1774–1839)
6 February 1819 1 May 1823 4 years, 2 months
Allan Ramsay - King George III in coronation robes - Google Art Project.jpg

George III

George IV 1821 color.jpg

George IV

2
John Crawfurd.jpg
Dr. John Crawfurd
(1783–1868)
27 May 1823 15 August 1826 3 years, 2 months

Governors of the Straits Settlements (1826–1942)

Flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements (1867–1946)
Flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements (1867–1946)

The Governors of the Straits Settlements ruled the Straits Settlements. The men that held this position governed the Straits Settlements from 1826 to 1946, on behalf of the British East India Company (until 1858), the India Office (until 1867) and the Colonial Office (until 1946).

In the absence of the governor, the chief secretary immediately became the acting governor of the Straits Settlements. The chief secretaries were historically drawn from the Colonial Office or British military.

British Straits Settlements
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1
Robert fullerton.jpg
Robert Fullerton
(1773–1831)
27 November 1826 12 November 1830 3 years, 11 months
George IV 1821 color.jpg

George IV

William IV crop.jpg

William IV

2
Robert Ibbetson.jpg
Robert Ibbetson
(1789–1880)
12 November 1830 7 December 1833 3 years, 25 days
3
Coat of arms of the Straits Settlements.svg
Kenneth Murchison
(1794–1854)
7 December 1833 17 November 1836 2 years, 11 months
4
Sir samuel george bonham.gif
Sir Samuel George Bonham
(1803–1863)
18 November 1836 January 1843 ~ 6 years, 1 month
Queen Victoria by Bassano.jpg

Victoria

Ruled directly from the British East India Company

From January to August 1843.
5
William John Butterworth.jpg
Major General William John Butterworth
(1801–1856)
August 1843 21 March 1855 ~ 11 years, 9 months
6
Coat of arms of the Straits Settlements.svg
Edmund Augustus Blundell
(1804–1868)
21 March 1855 6 August 1859 4 years, 4 months
1858:
East India Company and Board of Control replaced by
India Office and Council of India in the Government of India Act 1858.
7
Sir Orfeur Cavenagh.jpg
Major General Sir William Orfeur Cavenagh
(1820–1891)
6 August 1859 16 March 1867 7 years, 7 months
1 April 1867: Control passed from
Bengal to the
Colonial Office in London and the
Straits Settlements became a Crown colony.
8
HarryStGeorgeOrd-1867-1873.jpg
Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
16 March 1867 4 March 1871 3 years, 11 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
4 March 1871 22 March 1872 1 year and 18 days
8
HarryStGeorgeOrd-1867-1873.jpg
Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
22 March 1872 3 November 1873 1 year, 7 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
3 November 1873 4 November 1873 1 day
9
Sir Andrew Clarke (1873) by G R Lambert.jpg
Sir Andrew Clarke
(1824–1902)
4 November 1873 8 May 1875 1 year, 6 months
10
William Jervois.jpg
Sir William Jervois
(1821–1897)
8 May 1875 3 April 1877 1 year, 10 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
3 April 1877 August 1877 ~ 4 months
11
Williamrobinson.jpg
Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson
(1834–1897)
August 1877 10 February 1879 ~ 1 year, 5 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg
Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
10 February 1879 16 May 1880 1 year, 3 months
12
Frederick Weld.jpg
Sir Frederick Weld
(1823–1891)
16 May 1880 17 October 1887 7 years, 5 months
13
Cecil Clementi Smith.jpg
Sir Cecil Clementi Smith
(1840–1916)
17 October 1887 30 August 1893 5 years, 10 months
Sir-William-Edward-Maxwell-1.jpg
William Edward Maxwell
(1846–1897)
Acting
30 August 1893 1 February 1894 5 months and 2 days
14
Charles Mitchell.jpg
Sir Charles Mitchell
(1836–1899)
Died while in office
1 February 1894 7 December 1899 5 years, 10 months
James Alexander Swettenham.jpg
James Alexander Swettenham
(1846–1933)
Acting
7 December 1899 5 November 1901 1 year, 10 months
Edward VII in coronation robes.jpg

Edward VII

15
Sir Frank Swettenham by John Singer Sargent 1904.jpg
Sir Frank Swettenham
(1850–1946)
5 November 1901 16 April 1904 2 years, 5 months
16
Sir john anderson.gif
Sir John Anderson
(1858–1918)
16 April 1904 2 September 1911 7 years, 4 months
Kinggeorgev1923.jpg

George V

17
Sir Arthur Henderson Young.png
Sir Arthur Young
(1854–1938)
2 September 1911 17 February 1920 8 years, 5 months
18
Sir Laurence Guillemard.png
Sir Laurence Guillemard
(1862–1951)
17 February 1920 3 June 1927 7 years, 3 months
19
Hugh Charles Clifford (The Straits Times, 15 October 1929).jpg
Sir Hugh Clifford
(1866–1941)
3 June 1927 21 October 1929 2 years, 4 months
Coat of arms of the Straits Settlements.svg
Sir John Scott
(1878 – 1946)
Acting
21 October 1929 5 February 1930 3 months and 15 days
20
SIRCECILCLEMENTIHKU.jpg
Sir Cecil Clementi
(1875–1947)
5 February 1930 17 February 1934 4 years and 12 days
Sir Andrew Caldecott.jpg
Sir Andrew Caldecott
(1884–1951)
Acting
17 February 1934 9 November 1934 8 months and 23 days
Sir Thomas Shenton Whitelegge Thomas.png
Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
9 November 1934 15 February 1942 7 years, 3 months
21
HRH The Prince of Wales No 4 (HS85-10-36416).jpg

Edward VIII

King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946 - edit.jpg

George VI

Japanese occupation of Singapore

From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.

Japanese Occupation (1942 to 1945)

During the Japanese occupation of Singapore, there were 2 mayors and 4 military administrators appointed to Syonan-to.[2]

Syonan-to「昭南島」(Shōnan-tō)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1
Odachi Shigeo.jpg
Odate Shigeo
(1892–1955)
7 March 1942 8 July 1943 1 year, 4 months
Hirohito wartime(cropped).jpg

Emperor Shōwa

2
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Naito Kanichi

(1897–19??)

19 July 1943
[2]
12 September 1945 2 years, 1 month
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
End of Japanese occupation of Singapore
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1925–1946).svg
Syonan-to「昭南島」(Shōnan-tō)
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army (1868–1945).svg
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office
Japanese Military Administrators
Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg

From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.
Hirohito wartime(cropped).jpg

Emperor Shōwa

1
Yamashita.jpg
Yamashita Tomoyuki
(1888–1946)
15 February 1942 1943
2
Hisaichi Terauchi.jpg
Terauchi Hisaichi
(1879–1946)
1943 1944
3
Doihara Kenji.jpg
Doihara Kenji
(1883–1948)
1944 1945
4
Seishirō Itagaki.jpg
Itagaki Seishiro
(1885–1948)
1944 12 September 1945
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
End of Japanese occupation of Singapore
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1925–1946).svg

Governors of the Straits Settlements (1945–1946)

British Straits Settlements
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
British Military Administration of the Straits Settlements

From 12 September 1945 to 31 March 1946.
King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946 - edit.jpg

George VI

Lord Mountbatten 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Lord Louis Mountbatten
(1900–1979)
British High Command
12 September 1945 31 March 1946 6 months and 19 days
Continuation of the Governor of the Straits Settlements
21
Sir Thomas Shenton Whitelegge Thomas.png
Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
12 September 1945 31 March 1946 6 months and 19 days
Singapore became a separate Crown Colony

Governors of Singapore (1946–1959)

Flag of the Governor of Singapore (1946–1963)
Flag of the Governor of Singapore (1946–1963)

The Governors of Singapore ruled Singapore. The men that held this position governed the Crown Colony of Singapore from 1946 to 1959, on behalf of the Colonial Office until Singapore gained self-governance in 1959 in where the Office of the Governor was abolished.

Crown Colony of Singapore
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1
Frank Gimson.jpg
Sir Franklin Charles Gimson
(1890–1975)
1 April 1946 20 March 1952 5 years, 11 months
King George VI of England, formal photo portrait, circa 1940-1946 - edit.jpg

George VI

Queen Elizabeth II in March 2015.jpg

Elizabeth II

Wilfred Lawson Blythe
(1896 – 1975)
Acting
20 March 1952 21 April 1952 1 month and 1 day
2
John Fearns Nicoll2.jpg
Sir John Fearns Nicoll
(1899–1981)
21 April 1952 2 June 1955 3 years, 1 month
William Allmond Codrington Goode
(1907–1986)
Acting
2 June 1955 30 June 1955 28 days
3
Sir Robert Brown Black
(1906–1999)
30 June 1955 9 December 1957 2 years, 5 months
4
Sir William Allmond Codrington Goode
(1907–1986)
9 December 1957 2 June 1959 1 year, 5 months
Singapore is granted self-governance in 1959 within the British Empire
Singapore merges with the
Federation of Malaya on 16 September 1963 to form Malaysia
Singapore declares independence from
Malaysia on 9 August 1965

See also

References

  1. ^ "Past and present leaders of Singapore". Singapore National Library Board.
  2. ^ a b "Kanichi Naito Named Mayor Of Syonan". Syonan Shimbun. 20 July 1943. p. 1.
This page was last edited on 11 January 2020, at 21:01
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