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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zoe Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren photo.jpg
Chair of the House Administration Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byGregg Harper
Chair of the House Ethics Committee
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byGene Green (acting)
Succeeded byJo Bonner
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
January 3, 1995
Preceded byDon Edwards
Constituency16th district (1995–2013)
19th district (2013–present)
Personal details
Born
Susan Ellen Lofgren

(1947-12-21) December 21, 1947 (age 73)
San Mateo, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
John Collins
(m. 1978)
EducationStanford University (BA)
Santa Clara University (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Susan Ellen "Zoe" Lofgren (/ˈzˈlɒfɡrɪn/ ZO LOFF-grin;[1][2] born December 21, 1947) is an American lawyer and politician serving as a U.S. Representative from California. A member of the Democratic Party, Lofgren is in her 13th term in Congress, having been first elected in 1994.

Lofgren was the 16th district's first female U.S. Representative, before part of the district was redistricted into the 19th congressional district. The district covers much of Santa Clara County, including Gilroy, Morgan Hill, and most of San Jose. Lofgren has long served on the House Judiciary Committee, and has chaired the House Administration Committee since the beginning of the 116th Congress.

Early life, education and career

Lofgren was born in San Mateo, California, the daughter of Mary Violet, a school cafeteria employee, and Milton R. Lofgren, a beer truck driver.[3][4][5] Her grandfather was Swedish.[6] Lofgren attended Gunn High School (1966) in Palo Alto,[7] and while in high school, Lofgren was a member of the Junior State of America, a student-run political debate, activism, and student governance organization.[8] She earned her B.A. degree at Stanford University (1970) and a Juris Doctor degree at Santa Clara University School of Law (1975).[2]

After graduating from Stanford, Lofgren worked as a House Judiciary Committee staffer for Congressman Don Edwards when the committee prepared articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon.[9]

In 1978 she married John Marshall Collins.[7]

Returning to San Jose, Lofgren worked in Don Edwards' district office, while at the same time earning her J.D. degree. After two years as partner at an immigration law firm in San Jose, she was elected first to the board of San Jose City College. She was then elected to the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors in 1981 representing downtown San Jose and nearby communities, where she served for 13 years.[10]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

In 1994, Lofgren entered a six-way Democratic primary in what was then the 16th district, when Edwards retired after 32 years in Congress. The district, then as now, is a Democratic stronghold, and it was understood that whoever won the Democratic primary would be only the second person to represent this district since its creation in 1963 (it was numbered as the 9th district from 1963 to 1975, as the 10th from 1975 to 1993, the 16th from 1993 to 2013, and has been the 19th since 2013). A decided underdog, she managed to defeat the favorite, former San Jose mayor Tom McEnery, by just over 1,100 votes. She breezed to victory in November, and has since been reelected with no substantive opposition.

During the 2004, 2006 and 2008 elections, Lofgren's campaign paid approximately $350,000 to two businesses her husband operates: Collins and Day and John Marshall Collins P.C. over a six-year period to support campaign efforts.[11]

Tenure

Lofgren during the 109th Congress
Lofgren during the
109th Congress

Lofgren is the chair of the 46-member California Democratic Congressional Delegation. She serves on the Judiciary Committee and is the chair of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law. In 2007, she co-sponsored[12] the Violent Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism Prevention Act, which the ACLU characterized as "legislating against thought."[13] In April 2011, she became the first member of Congress to call for federal investigation into the Secure Communities deportation program.[14]

Beginning in 2009, Lofgren served as Chair of the House Ethics Committee. In doing so, she presided over a rare sanction of censure, against long-time member Charles B. Rangel.[15]

In the Stop Online Piracy Act House Judiciary Committee hearings, she defended the current state of the internet in opposition of the bill. She has also opposed the data retention requirements in the H.R. 1981 (the Protecting Children from Internet Pornographers Act of 2011).[16]

In February 2013, Lofgren became one of the sponsors of the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act to expedite open access to taxpayer-funded research.[17]

In May 2016, Lofgren was publicly reprimanded during a House Judiciary Committee hearing after calling witness Gail Heriot of the United States Commission on Civil Rights an "ignorant bigot" because Ms. Heriot's written testimony before the hearing had suggested that calling oneself a female does not cause one to be a female.[18] Following the oral warning from acting committee chairman Steve King (R, Iowa), Lofgren responded, "I cannot allow that kind of bigotry to go into the record unchallenged".[19]

In January 2020, Lofgren was selected as one of seven impeachment managers who presented the impeachment case against President Donald Trump during his first trial before the United States Senate.[20]

Lofgren speaking to the California Democratic Party State Convention in June 2019.
Lofgren speaking to the California Democratic Party State Convention in June 2019.

Committee assignments

Caucuses

Political positions

Abortion

Lofgren is pro-choice[28] and has a 100% rating from NARAL Pro-Choice America, an organization that advocates for abortion rights and tracks congressional records on the topic.[29] In 2013, she was chosen as the lead House Democrat to argue against the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which would have banned abortions after the mother was 20 weeks pregnant. Lofgren said, "Passage of the bill is wrong. It's the wrong policy for the freedom of American women."[28]

Energy policy

Lofgren has routinely voted in support of bills that would expand renewable energy investments. She believes that a clean energy infrastructure is required to curb the effects of climate change.[30][31][32] She also co-sponsored the Nuclear Energy Innovation Capabilities Act in 2018.[33]

Health care

Lofgren is a member of the Medicare for All Caucus and co-sponsored the Medicare for All legislation introduced by Representative John Conyers in 2017. She rescinded her sponsorship of a similar bill introduced by Representative Pramila Jayapal in 2019, saying the bill's two-year timeline was not feasible.[27] Lofgren continues to support a public option for health insurance.[34] In 2021, she co-sponsored Jayapal's bill that would lower the eligibility age of Medicare from 65 to 60.[35]

Electoral history

California's 16th congressional district Democratic Primary election, June 7, 1994[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren 16,168 45.3
Democratic Tom McEnery 15,037 42.2
Democratic Dick Lane 1,537 4.3
Democratic Cynthia Williamson 1,414 4.0
Democratic Tom Harney 780 2.2
Democratic Edward R. Dykes 721 2.0
Total votes 35,657 100.0
Turnout  
California's 16th congressional district election, 1994[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren 74,935 65.0
Republican Lyle J. Smith 40,409 35.0
No party Fred Luke Barraza (write-in) 8 0.0
Total votes 115,352 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 1996[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 94,020 65.7
Republican Chuck Wojslaw 43,197 30.2
Libertarian David Bonino 4,124 2.8
Natural Law Abaan Abu-Shumays 1,866 1.3
Total votes 143,207 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 1998[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 85,503 72.82
Republican Horace Eugene Thayn 27,494 23.42
Natural Law John H. Black 4,417 3.76
Total votes 117,414 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 2000[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 115,118 72.1
Republican Horace "Gene" Thayn 37,213 23.3
Libertarian Dennis Michael Umphress 4,742 3.0
Natural Law Edward J. Klein 2,673 1.6
Total votes 159,746 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 2002[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 72,370 67.1
Republican Douglas Adams McNea 32,182 29.8
Libertarian Dennis Michael Umphress 3,434 3.1
Total votes 104,556 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 2004[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 129,222 70.9
Republican Douglas Adams McNea 47,992 26.4
Libertarian Markus Welch 5,067 2.7
Total votes 182,281 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 2006[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 98,929 72.8
Republican Charel Winston 37,130 27.2
Total votes 136,059 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 2008[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 146,481 71.3
Republican Charel Winston 49,399 24.1
Libertarian Steven Wells 9,447 4.6
Total votes 205,327 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 16th congressional district election, 2010[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 105,841 67.9
Republican Daniel Sahagun 37,913 24.3
Libertarian Edward M. Gonzalez 12,304 7.8
Total votes 156,058 100.0
Democratic hold
California's 19th congressional district election, 2012[46]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 60,726 65.2
Republican Robert Murray 21,421 23.0
Republican Phat Nguyen 7,192 7.7
No party preference Jay Cabrera 3,829 4.1
Total votes 93,168 100.0
General election
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 162,300 73.2
Republican Robert Murray 59,313 26.8
Total votes 221,613 100.0
Democratic hold
California's 19th congressional district election, 2014[47][48]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 63,845 76.0
Democratic Robert Murray 20,132 24.0
Total votes 83,977 100.0
General election
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 85,888 67.2
Democratic Robert Murray 41,900 32.8
Total votes 127,788 100.0
Democratic hold
California's 19th congressional district election, 2016[49][50]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 107,773 76.1
Republican G. Burt Lancaster 33,889 23.9
Total votes 194,251 100.0
General election
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 181,802 73.9
Republican G. Burt Lancaster 64,061 26.1
Total votes 245,863 100.0
Democratic hold
California's 19th congressional district election, 2018[51][52]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 97,096 99.0
Republican Justin James Aguilera (write-in) 792 0.8
Republican Karl Ryan (write-in) 160 0.2
American Independent Robert Ornelas (write-in) 7 0.0
Total votes 98,055 100.0
General election
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 162,496 73.8
Republican Justin James Aguilera 57,823 26.2
Total votes 220,319 100.0
Democratic hold
California's 19th congressional district election, 2020[53][54]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 104,456 62.7
Republican Justin James Aguilera 20,469 12.3
Republican Ignacio Cruz 19,109 11.5
Democratic Ivan Torres 18,916 11.4
No party preference Jason Mallory 3,516 2.1
Total votes 166,466 100.0
General election
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 224,385 71.7
Republican Justin James Aguilera 88,642 28.3
Total votes 313,027 100.0
Democratic hold

Personal life

Zoe Lofgren is married to John Marshall Collins. The couple met at an election party.[55]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Guide to Frequently Mispronounced Congressional Names". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Lynne E. Ford (May 12, 2010). Encyclopedia of Women and American Politics. ISBN 9781438110325. Archived from the original on June 23, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "San Jose Congresswoman Zoe Lofegren appointed House impeachment manager". KGO ABC7 San Francisco. January 15, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2020. Ms. Lofgren is a Bay Area native. She was born in San Mateo
  4. ^ Shear, Michael D. (January 15, 2020). "Zoe Lofgren: Impeachment Manager Is a Veteran of Two Impeachment Inquiries". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 15, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  5. ^ Who's Who West, 1998-1999. August 1997. ISBN 9780837909288.
  6. ^ "Rep. Zoe Lofgren on President Obama's Call for Immigration Reform". January 29, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Official Congressional Directory, 2005–2006, 109th Congress, Convened ... Congress, Joint Committee on Printing. 2005. ISBN 9780160724671. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Notable Alumni of the Junior State of America". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Rep. Zoe Lofgren has been through two impeachments. She doesn't want a third". June 11, 2019. Archived from the original on July 12, 2019. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  10. ^ "Zoe Lofgren - County Archives - County of Santa Clara". sccgov.org. Archived from the original on January 15, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  11. ^ Coile, Zachary (June 19, 2007). "Watchdog lists 64 in the House paying kin out campaign funds / It's legal, but some wonder whether it's good government". SFGATE. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  12. ^ "Cosponsors: H.R.1955 — 110th Congress (2007-2008)". October 24, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  13. ^ "ACLU Skeptical of Senate Report on "Homegrown" Terrorism". May 8, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  14. ^ Romney, Lee (April 22, 2011). "Congresswoman calls for investigation of enforcement program that screens for illegal immigrants in jails". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  15. ^ Kane, Paul; Farentholt, David A. (December 2, 2010). "House censures Rep. Charles Rangel in 333–79 vote". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  16. ^ Gross, Grant (July 28, 2011). "House Panel Votes to Require ISPs to Keep Customer Records". PC World. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  17. ^ "Reps. Zoe Lofgren, Mike Doyle and Kevin Yoder Introduce Bill Expanding Access to Federally Funded Research". Archived from the original on October 25, 2013.
  18. ^ Testimony of Gail Heriot to the Task Force on Executive Overreach Archived August 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, May 26, 2016
  19. ^ Lavender, Paige (May 26, 2016). "Congresswoman Shuts Down Transphobic Woman: 'You're A Bigot, Lady'". Archived from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016 – via Huff Post.
  20. ^ Wilkie, Christina (January 15, 2020). "Pelosi taps Schiff, Nadler and 5 others as Trump impeachment managers". CNBC. Archived from the original on January 15, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  21. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  22. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  23. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  24. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Archived from the original on October 12, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  25. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  26. ^ "Congressional Freethought Caucus expands rapidly". Freedom from Religion Foundation. Archived from the original on September 26, 2018. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  27. ^ a b Marans, Daniel (February 27, 2019). "Democrats Who No Longer Support 'Medicare For All' Bill Have Lots Of Excuses". HuffPost. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  28. ^ a b Gibson, Ginger (June 28, 2013). "Lofgren to lead Dems vs. abortion bill". Politico. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  29. ^ "Congressional Record on Choice - Zoe Lofgren". NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  30. ^ King, Katie (September 25, 2020). "South Bay legislators split on clean energy legislation". San Jose Spotlight. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  31. ^ "Lofgren joins Senator Udall and Rep. Matsui to Introduce Legislation to Give All Americans an Opportunity to Invest in Building Our Clean Energy Future". Zoe Lofgren. July 25, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  32. ^ "Rep. Lofgren Votes to Expand Renewable Energy Investment". Zoe Lofgren. September 26, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  33. ^ "Legislation 115th Congress". OpenSecrets. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
  34. ^ "MEDICARE FOR ALL JUST GOT A MASSIVE BOOST". The Intercept. March 19, 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  35. ^ "Jayapal Leads 130 Lawmakers in Introducing Bill to Lower Medicare Eligibility Age". Pramila Jayapal. September 3, 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  36. ^ Our Campaigns Archived January 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine "California District 16 – Democratic Primary Race," (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
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  38. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives Archived May 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  39. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives Archived January 23, 2017, at the Wayback Machine "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
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External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 16th congressional district

1995–2013
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Chair of the House Ethics Committee
2009–2011
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 19th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Chair of the House Administration Committee
2019–present
Preceded by
Chair of the Joint Printing Committee
2019–2021
Succeeded by
Chair of the Joint Library Committee
2021–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
United States representatives by seniority
31st
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 14 October 2021, at 23:11
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