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Zoe Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Chair of the House Administration Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byGregg Harper
Chair of the House Ethics Committee
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byGene Green (acting)
Succeeded byJo Bonner
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
January 3, 1995
Preceded byDon Edwards
Constituency16th district (1995–2013)
19th district (2013–present)
Personal details
Susan Ellen Lofgren

(1947-12-21) December 21, 1947 (age 71)
San Mateo, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
John Collins (m. 1978)
EducationStanford University (BA)
Santa Clara University (JD)

Susan Ellen "Zoe" Lofgren (/ˈzˈlɒfɡrɪn/;[1][2] born December 21, 1947) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 19th congressional district, first elected to Congress in 1994.

She is the district's first female U.S. Representative and a member of the Democratic Party. The district, numbered as the 16th district from 1995 to 2013, includes most of San Jose. She is the Chair of both the House Committee on House Administration Subcommittee on Oversight, and the House Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement.

Early life, education and private career

A Bay Area resident, Lofgren attended Gunn High School (1966) in Palo Alto,[3] and while in high school, Lofgren was a member of the Junior State of America, a student-run political debate, activism, and student governance organization.[4] She earned her B.A. degree at Stanford University (1970) and a Juris Doctor degree at Santa Clara University School of Law (1975).[2]

After graduating from Stanford, Lofgren worked as a House Judiciary Committee staffer for Congressman Don Edwards when the committee prepared articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon. [5]

In 1978 she married John Marshall Collins.[3]

Returning to San Jose, Lofgren worked in Don Edwards' district office, while at the same time earning her J.D. degree. After two years as partner at an immigration law firm in San Jose, she was elected first to the board of San Jose City College, then to the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, where she served for 13 years.[citation needed]

U.S. House of Representatives

In 1994, Lofgren entered the Democratic primary in what was then the 16th District, after Edwards retired after 32 years in Congress. It was the real contest in this heavily Democratic district. A decided underdog, she managed to defeat the favorite, former San Jose mayor Tom McEnery. Lofgren's victory virtually assured her of becoming only the second person to represent the district since its creation in 1963 (it was numbered as the 9th District from 1963 to 1975, as the 10th from 1975 to 1993, the 16th from 1993 to 2013, and has been the 19th since 2013). She has been reelected ten times with no substantial opposition.

Lofgren during the 109th Congress
Lofgren during the
109th Congress

Lofgren is the chair of the 46-member California Democratic Congressional Delegation. She serves on the Judiciary Committee and is the chair of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law. In April 2011, she became the first member of Congress to call for federal investigation into the Secure Communities deportation program.[6]

Beginning in 2009, Lofgren served as Chair of the House Ethics Committee. In doing so, she presided over a rare sanction of censure, against long-time member Charles B. Rangel.[7]

In the Stop Online Piracy Act House Judiciary Committee hearings, she defended the current state of the internet in opposition of the bill. She has also opposed the data retention requirements in the H.R. 1981 (the Protecting Children from Internet Pornographers Act of 2011).[8]

In February 2013, Lofgren became one of the sponsors of the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act to expedite open access to taxpayer-funded research.[9]

In May, 2016, Lofgren was publicly reprimanded during a House Judiciary Committee hearing after calling witness Gail Heriot of the United States Commission on Civil Rights an "ignorant bigot" because of the characterization of transgender individuals Heriot included in written testimony prior to the hearing.[10] Following the verbal warning from acting committee chairman Steve King (R, Iowa), Lofgren responded, "I cannot allow that kind of bigotry to go into the record unchallenged."[11]

Lofgren speaking to the California Democratic Party State Convention in June 2019.
Lofgren speaking to the California Democratic Party State Convention in June 2019.

Committee assignments


Electoral history

16th Congressional District of California, Democratic Primary election, June 7, 1994[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren 16,168 45.3
Democratic Tom McEnery 15,037 42.2
Democratic Dick Lane 1,537 4.3
Democratic Cynthia Williamson 1,414 4.0
Democratic Tom Harney 780 2.2
Democratic Edward R. Dykes 721 2.0
Total votes 35,657 100.0
United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren 74,935 65.0
Republican Lyle J. Smith 40,409 35.0
No party Barraza (write-in) 8 0.0%
Total votes 115,352 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 94,020 65.7
Republican Chuck Wojslaw 43,197 30.2
Libertarian David Bonino 4,124 2.8
Natural Law Abaan Abu-Shumays 1,866 1.3
Total votes 143,207 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 85,503 72.82
Republican Horace Eugene Thayn 27,494 23.42
Natural Law John H. Black 4,417 3.76
Total votes 117,414 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 115,118 72.1
Republican Horace "Gene" Thayn 37,213 23.3
Libertarian Dennis Michael Umphress 4,742 3.0
Natural Law Edward J. Klein 2,673 1.6
Total votes 159,746 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 72,370 67.1
Republican Douglas Adams McNea 32,182 29.8
Libertarian Dennis Michael Umphress 3,434 3.1
Total votes 104,556 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 129,222 70.9
Republican Lawrence R. Wiesner 47,992 26.4
Libertarian Markus Welch 5,067 2.7
Total votes 182,281 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 98,929 72.8
Republican Charel Winston 37,130 27.2
Total votes 136,059 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 146,481 71.3
Republican Charel Winston 49,399 24.1
Libertarian Steven Wells 9,447 4.6
Total votes 205,327 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 105,841 67.9
Republican Daniel Sahagun 37,913 24.3
Libertarian Edward M. Gonzalez 12,304 7.8
Total votes 156,058 100.0
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Zoe Lofgren (incumbent) 162,300 73.2
Republican Robert Murray 59,313 26.8
Total votes 221,613 100.0
Democratic hold

See also


  1. ^ "Guide to Frequently Mispronounced Congressional Names".
  2. ^ a b Lynne E. Ford. Encyclopedia of Women and American Politics. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Official Congressional Directory, 2005–2006, 109th Congress, Convened ..." Congress, Joint Committee on Printing. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  4. ^ "Notable Alumni of the Junior State of America". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Romney, Lee (April 22, 2011). "Congresswoman calls for investigation of enforcement program that screens for illegal immigrants in jails". Los Angeles Times.
  7. ^ Kane, Paul; Farentholt, David A. (December 2, 2010). "House censures Rep. Charles Rangel in 333–79 vote". The Washington Post.
  8. ^ Gross, Grant (July 28, 2011). "House Panel Votes to Require ISPs to Keep Customer Records". PC World. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  9. ^ "Reps. Zoe Lofgren, Mike Doyle and Kevin Yoder Introduce Bill Expanding Access to Federally Funded Research". Archived from the original on October 25, 2013.
  10. ^ Testimony of Gail Heriot to the Task Force on Executive Overreach, May 26, 2016
  11. ^ Lavender, Paige (May 26, 2016). "Congresswoman Shuts Down Transphobic Woman: 'You're A Bigot, Lady'" – via Huff Post.
  12. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  13. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  14. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  15. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  16. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  17. ^ "Congressional Freethought Caucus expands rapidly". Freedom from Religion Foundation. Archived from the original on September 26, 2018. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  18. ^ Our Campaigns "California District 16 – Democratic Primary Race," (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  19. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  20. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  21. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  22. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  23. ^ 2002 Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives Archived February 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  24. ^ Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives[dead link] "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  25. ^ 2006 Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives Archived November 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  26. ^ 2006 Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives[permanent dead link] "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008" (retrieved on August 8, 2009).
  27. ^ Office of the California Secretary of State Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (retrieved on August 8, 2009).

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Don Edwards
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 16th congressional district

Succeeded by
Jim Costa
Preceded by
Gene Green
Chair of the House Ethics Committee
Succeeded by
Jo Bonner
Preceded by
Jeff Denham
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 19th congressional district

Preceded by
Gregg Harper
Chair of the House Administration Committee
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Sheila Jackson Lee
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Mac Thornberry
This page was last edited on 24 July 2019, at 08:53
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