To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zhou Qiang
Chief Justice and President of the Supreme People's Court
Assumed office
15 March 2013
DeputyShen Deyong
Preceded byWang Shengjun
Secretary of the Communist Party of China of Hunan
In office
25 April 2010 – 20 March 2013
DeputyXu Shousheng (governor)
Preceded byZhang Chunxian
Succeeded byXu Shousheng
First Secretary of the Communist Youth League of China
In office
25 June 1998 – 6 November 2006
Preceded byLi Keqiang
Succeeded byHu Chunhua
Personal details
Born (1960-04-25) 25 April 1960 (age 61)
Huangmei County, Hubei, People's Republic of China
Political partyCommunist Party of China (1983–present)
Alma materSouthwest University of Political Science & Law

Zhou Qiang (Chinese: 周强; pinyin: Zhōu Qiáng; born 25 April 1960) is a Chinese politician who is the current Chief Justice[1] and President of the Supreme People's Court of China. Previously, he served as the secretary of the Communist Party of China Hunan committee, first-in-charge of the central Chinese province.[2] He served as the province's governor between 2007 and 2010. Zhou also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Youth League of China between 1998 and 2006.

Life and career

Born in Huangmei County, Hubei Province, Zhou grew up during the Cultural Revolution. In 1978, he was part of the first batch of students admitted through the National College Entrance Examinations to the Southwest University of Political Science & Law. Zhou obtained a master's degree in law in 1986. He joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) during his studies, in 1983.

In November 1995, he was elected secretary of the central secretariat of the Chinese Communist Youth League (CYL) at the 4th plenary session of the 13th CYL central committee. In June 1998, he was elevated to first secretary of the CYL central secretariat, and was re-elected in July 2003.

In February 2007, Zhou was appointed governor of Hunan, after a five-month period that saw him made a standing committee member and vice secretary of the CPC Hunan committee (September 3), and then acting governor of Hunan (September 30), appointed by the standing committee of the 10th Hunan People's Congress; he resigned as first secretary of the central secretariat of the CYL in December. He was re-elected governor of Hunan on January 24, 2008.

On April 25, 2010, Zhou, then aged 50, was appointed Communist Party Secretary of Hunan, becoming one of the youngest provincial party chiefs in the country.[3] His rise to power is comparable to that of then-Party general secretary Hu Jintao and then-Vice-Premier Li Keqiang; all three men had background in the Communist Youth League of China.

In March 2013, the NPC installed Zhou as the President of the Supreme People's Court.

Like other top Chinese leaders, Zhou spoke often of promoting the 'rule of law' and was thought to be aligned with CPC general secretary Xi Jinping's stated ambition to make the court system in China fairer.[4] Indeed, in his first few years in office, Zhou overturned several court decisions as unjust, including the wrongful execution of Nie Shubin in 1995; granted judges more independence; and restricted local officials’ influence over court rulings, although ultimately courts at all levels had to answer to the party leadership.[5]

But in 2017, speaking at a Supreme People's Court meeting on January 14, Zhou warned the courts against the 'idea of judicial independence'. He said:

[China's courts] must firmly resist the western idea of “constitutional democracy”, “separation of powers” and “judicial independence”. These are erroneous western notions that threaten the leadership of the ruling Communist Party and defame the Chinese socialist path on the rule of law. We have to raise our flag and show our sword to struggle against such thoughts. We must not fall into the trap of western thoughts and judicial independence. We must stay firm on the Chinese socialist path on the rule of law.[5]

This tougher line was interpreted as self-protection amid a Communist Party power struggle ahead of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.[5]

Zhou is currently a member of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He was previously a member of the 16th, 17th and 18th Central Committees.


  1. ^ Judges Law of the People's Republic of China, Article 16: "Judges are divided into twelve grades. The President of the Supreme People's Court is the Chief Justice."
  2. ^ Cui, Jia (2010-04-23). "Young official named Hunan Party chief". China Daily. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Zhou Qiang Picked as Head of China's Supreme People's Court". Bloomberg News. March 15, 2013. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c China's Top Judge Warns Against the ‘Threat’ of Judicial Independence Archived 2019-08-16 at the Wayback Machine, Global Voices, 20 January 2017
Legal offices
Preceded by
Wang Shengjun
President of the Supreme People's Court
Party political offices
Preceded by
Li Keqiang
First Secretary of the Communist Youth League of China
Succeeded by
Hu Chunhua
Preceded by
Zhang Chunxian
Secretary of the Hunan CPC Committee
Succeeded by
Xu Shousheng
Government offices
Preceded by
Zhou Bohua
Governor of Hunan
Succeeded by
Xu Shousheng
This page was last edited on 3 September 2021, at 14:53
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.