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Clock zhitikara.jpg
Coat of arms of Zhitikara
Coat of arms
Zhitikara is located in Kazakhstan
Location in Kostanay Region, Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 52°11′27″N 61°12′04″E / 52.19083°N 61.20111°E / 52.19083; 61.20111
RegionKostanay Region
DistrictZhitikara District
 • Total33,587
Time zoneUTC+6 (ALMT)

Zhitikara (Kazakh: Жітіқара, Jitiqara; Russian: Житикара) is a town and the administrative center of Zhitikara District in Kostanay Region of northwestern Kazakhstan, close to the Kazakhstan–Russia border.[2] The town is located in the west of the region, on the Turgay Plateau, west of the Tobol River. Population: 33,587 (2009 Census results);[1] 36,359 (1999 Census results).[1]


Zhitikara was founded in 1880 as the aul of Konildi.[3] At the time, it was a part of Nikolayevsky Uyezd (later renamed Kustanaysky Uyezd) of Turgay Oblast.[4] In 1915, it was renamed Zhitikara (Dzhetygara), and subsequently granted urban-type settlement status.[3] In 1920, Turgay Oblast was transformed into Turgay Governorate, and on November 9, 1920, it was abolished and merged into Orenburg-Turgay Governorate. On April 1, 1921 the area was transferred into newly established Kustanay Governorate. Dzhetyhara was a part of Adamovsky District and the administrative center of Dzhetygarinskaya Volost. On August 15, 1922 the district was abolished and merged into Denisov District. On September 21, 1925 Kustanay Governorate was abolished and transformed into Kustanaysky Uytezd. On January 17, 1928 Kustanay Okrug of Aktobe Region was established, which included also Zhetigara District.[5] In February 1932, okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. Until 1936, the district administrative center of Zhitikara District was the settlement of Denisovka, and subsequently Dzhetygara was made the district center. On July 29, 1936, Kostanay Region was established as a part of Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, and Zhitikara District became a part of Kostanay Region.[4]

In 1939, Dzetygara was granted the town status. In 1962, it was made a town of oblast significance.[3][4] In 1997, the official spelling was changed to Zhitikara, and Zhitikara was made a town of district significance, the center of Zhitikara District.



The main industrial enterprise in Zhitikara is the Kostanay Minerals, mainly producing asbestos.[6]


Zhitikara is a terminal of the railway side line leading to the station of Tobol which is located on the railway between Kartaly and Astana.

The town is connected by roads with Kostanay via Rudny and with Kartaly.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  2. ^ Регионы области (in Russian). Акимат Костанайской области. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Историческая справка Житикаринского района (in Russian). Акимат Костанайской области. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Здоровец, Наталья (July 27, 2006). От уезда до области. Наша газета (in Russian).
  5. ^ Очерк 1: Природно-климатические условия (in Russian). Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  6. ^ Житикара (in Russian). Archived from the original on October 28, 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 18:03
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