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Yngwie Malmsteen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yngwie Malmsteen
Malmsteen in 2008
Malmsteen in 2008
Background information
Birth nameLars Johan Yngve Lannerbäck
Also known as
  • Yngwie J. Malmsteen
  • Lars Y. Loudamp
Born (1963-06-30) 30 June 1963 (age 57)
Stockholm, Sweden
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • bandleader
  • producer
InstrumentsGuitar
Years active1978–present
Labels
Associated acts
Websiteyngwiemalmsteen.com

Yngwie Johan Malmsteen (/ˈɪŋvˈmɑːlmstn/; born Lars Johan Yngve Lannerbäck; 30 June 1963) is a Swedish guitarist, songwriter, composer, and bandleader. Malmsteen first became known in the 1980s for his neoclassical playing style in heavy metal, and has released 20 studio albums in a career spanning over 40 years. In 2009, Time magazine rated Malmsteen as number 9 among the 11 greatest electric guitar players of all time.[1]

Early life

Malmsteen was born Lars Johan Yngve Lannerbäck in Stockholm, Sweden, the third child of a musical family.[2][3] At the age of ten Malmsteen created his first band, Track on Earth, consisting of himself and a friend from school playing the drums. At the age of twelve he took his mother's maiden name Malmsten as his surname, then slightly changed it to Malmsteen and altered his third given name Yngve to "Yngwie".[4] As a teenager he was heavily influenced by classical music, particularly 19th century Italian virtuoso violinist and composer Niccolò Paganini as well as Johann Sebastian Bach.[5] During this time, he also discovered his most important guitar influence, Ritchie Blackmore. Malmsteen has stated that Jimi Hendrix had no musical impact on him and did not contribute to his style. However watching the TV news reports on 18 September 1970 of Hendrix’s death, which included footage of Hendrix smashing and burning his guitar at the Monterey Pop Festival of 1967, made Malmsteen think, "This is really cool."[6]

Career

1980s

In early 1982, Mike Varney of Shrapnel Records, who had heard a demo tape of Malmsteen's playing from the 1978 demo titled Powerhouse, brought Malmsteen to the United States. He played briefly with the band Steeler on its 1983 self-titled album. He then appeared with Graham Bonnet in the band Alcatrazz, playing on its 1983 debut No Parole from Rock 'n' Roll and the 1984 live album Live Sentence. In 1984, Malmsteen released his first solo album Rising Force, which featured Barrie Barlow of Jethro Tull on drums and keyboard player Jens Johansson. His album was meant to be an instrumental side-project of Alcatrazz, but it ended up featuring vocals by Jeff Scott Soto and Malmsteen left Alcatrazz soon after the release of Rising Force.

Rising Force won the Guitar Player Magazine's award for Best Rock Album and was nominated for a Grammy for 'Best Rock Instrumental', reaching no. 60 on the Billboard album chart. Yngwie J. Malmsteen's Rising Force (as his band was thereafter known) next released Marching Out (1985). Then he recruited Jens Johansson's brother Anders to play drums and bassist Marcel Jacob to record and tour with the band. Jacob left in the middle of a tour and was replaced by Wally Voss. Malmsteen's third album, Trilogy, featuring the vocals of Mark Boals (and Malmsteen on both guitar and bass), was released in 1986. Boals left the band in the middle of the tour and was replaced by the former singer Jeff Scott Soto. The tour was cancelled after Malmsteen had involved in a serious car accident, smashing his V12 Jaguar E-Type into a tree, which put him in a coma for a week. Nerve damage to his right hand was reported. During this time, Malmsteen's mother died from cancer. New line-up changes for the next album with former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner joined the band along with session bassist Bob Daisley who was hired to record some bass parts and help with the lyrics. In April 1988, he released his fourth album Odyssey. Odyssey was his most successful album, in part due to the success of its first single "Heaven Tonight". Shows in the Soviet Union during the Odyssey tour were recorded and released in 1989 as a fifth album Trial by Fire: Live in Leningrad. The classic Rising Force lineup with Malmsteen and the Johansson brothers was dissolved in 1989 when both Anders and Jens left. That year later, Jens joined Dio replacing keyboardist Claude Schnell.

Malmsteen's neoclassical style of metal became popular among hordes of guitarists during the mid-1980s, with contemporaries such as Jason Becker, Paul Gilbert, Tony MacAlpine, and Vinnie Moore becoming prominent.[citation needed] In late 1988, Malmsteen's signature Fender Stratocaster guitar was released, making him and Eric Clapton the first artists to be honored by Fender.

1990s

In the early 1990s, Malmsteen released two albums, Eclipse (1990) and Fire & Ice (1992), with the singer Göran Edman, followed by The Seventh Sign (1994) and Magnum Opus (1995) with former Loudness singer Mike Vescera. Despite his early and continuous success in Europe and Asia, by the early 1990s heavy metal styles, such as neoclassical metal and shredding had gone out of fashion in the US.

Around 1993, Malmsteen's future mother-in-law – who opposed his engagement to her daughter – had him arrested for allegedly holding her daughter hostage with a gun. The charges were later dropped.[7] Malmsteen continued to record and release albums under the Japanese record label Pony Canyon and maintained a devoted following with fans in Europe and Japan and to a lesser extent in the US.

In the mid '90s, Malmsteen released the albums Inspiration (1996) featuring three of his former singers Soto, Boals and Turner, Facing the Animal (1997) featuring Mats Levèn on vocals and Cozy Powell on drums, followed by a live record Double Live! (1998) and another studio recording Alchemy (1999) featuring once again Mark Boals on vocals.

Special guest appearances and side projects

In 1996, Malmsteen joined forces with former band members Jeff Scott Soto and Marcel Jacob on the "Human Clay" album where he played lead guitar on the track "Jealousy". In the same year, Yngwie recorded guitar solos for two different Deep Purple tribute albums, "Smoke on the Water" and "Black Night - Deep Purple Tribute According to New York" on the last one using the alias "Lars Y. Loudamp" to avoid contractual conflicts. He also guested with Saxon on the song Denim And Leather on their live album The Eagle Has Landed – Part II (released in 1997). Later that year, Yngwie recorded the tracks "Enigma suite" and "All opposable thumbs" with his former band members Jens Johansson and Anders Johansson on their album Johansson/Sonic Winter.

2000s

In 2000, he signed a contract with the US record label Spitfire and released his 1990s catalog on the US market for the first time, including what he regards as his masterpiece, Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra, recorded with the Czech Philharmonic in Prague

Malmsteen in Barcelona
Malmsteen in Barcelona

After the release of War to End All Wars in 2000, singer Mark Boals left the band. He was replaced by former Rainbow vocalist Doogie White, whose vocals were well received by fans. In 2003, Malmsteen joined Joe Satriani and Steve Vai as part of the G3 supergroup, a tour showcasing guitar performances. Malmsteen made two guest appearances on keyboardist Derek Sherinian's albums Black Utopia (2003), and Blood of the Snake (2006) where Malmsteen plays on the same tracks as Al Di Meola and Zakk Wylde. In 2004, Malmsteen made two cameo appearances on Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law. In 2005 Unleash the Fury was released through Spitfire Records. As stated in an issue of "Guitar World" magazine, he titled this album after an infamous 'airline incident', which occurred on a flight to Japan during a 1988 tour. He was drunk and behaving obnoxiously, until he fell asleep and was roused by a woman pouring a jug of iced water on him. Enraged, he shouted, "You've released the fucking fury!" The audio from this incident was caught on tape by a fellow band member.[8] Malmsteen says that the name of the album refers to both the energy of the album and the incident. The release of Unleash the Fury was followed by a DVD release of Concerto Suite For Electric Guitar And Orchestra in E Flat Minor, Op. 1 – With The New Japan Philharmonic Live. The DVD chronicles Malmsteen's first time playing in front of a live audience with an orchestra, an experience that he describes as "fun but also extremely scary".

In 2007, Malmsteen was honored in the Xbox 360 version of Guitar Hero II. Players can receive the "Yngwie Malmsteen" award by hitting 1000 or more notes in succession.[9] February 2008 saw the replacement of singer Doogie White with former Iced Earth and Judas Priest and current Beyond Fear singer Tim "Ripper" Owens, with whom Malmsteen had once recorded a cover of Ozzy Osbourne's song "Mr. Crowley", for the 2000 Osbourne tribute album Bat Head Soup: A Tribute to Ozzy. The first Malmsteen album to feature Owens is titled Perpetual Flame and was released on 4 October. On 25 November 2008, Malmsteen had three of his songs ("Caprici Di Diablo", "Damnation Game", and "Red Devil") released as downloadable content for the video games Rock Band Rock Band 2 and later Rock Band 3.

In 2008, Malmsteen was a special guest on the VH1 Classic show "That Metal Show". On 10 March 2009, Malmsteen's label Rising Force released Angels of Love, an all-instrumental album, which featured acoustic arrangements of some of his best-known ballads. In August 2009, Time magazine named Malmsteen No. 9 on its list of the 10 best electric guitar players of all-time.[10] Malmsteen recently released another album compilation entitled High Impact on 8 December 2009.

2010s

Yngwie Malmsteen performing in Gävle, Sweden, 7 July 2012
Yngwie Malmsteen performing in Gävle, Sweden, 7 July 2012

On 23 November 2010 Relentless was released, the second album to feature Tim "Ripper" Owens on vocals. The US version featured a remake of "Arpeggios From Hell" as a bonus track. Yngwie appeared on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on 3 February 2011 to promote his album. On 6 August 2011, Malmsteen made another appearance in the United States, playing a rendition of The Star-Spangled Banner before a game between the St. Louis Cardinals and Florida Marlins at Sun Life Stadium.[11] Although rarely seen in his native country of Sweden, Malmsteen played one gig there in 2012. On 7 July, he ended the Getaway Rock Festival in Gävle, which he was headlining with Nightwish and Manowar. On 5 December 2012, Malmsteen released the album Spellbound.

On 12 June 2014, Malmsteen kicked off his "Guitar Gods 2014 Tour" at the F.M. Kirby Center in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania alongside ex-Guns N' Roses guitarist Bumblefoot and guitarist Gary Hoey.[12] In February 2015, it was announced that Malmsteen was in the studio working on a new album.[13] In April and May 2016, Malmsteen was one of five guitarists featured on the Generation Axe tour.

In 2018, it was announced that Malmsteen had signed with Mascot Records, with a new studio album expected the following year.[14] In 2019, Malmsteen released Blue Lightning, featuring blues rock songs - mainly covers - with Malmsteen's virtuoso playing. As Malmsteen was quoted: "I've been asked to do a blues album for the last 30 years . . . this time I finally said, 'Sure, why not? Let's try it!' I just didn't want to be stuck in the standard, pentatonic, play a 12-bar thing. I didn't want to do that."[15]

Personal life

Malmsteen was married to Swedish singer Erika Norberg (1991-1992)[16] and was subsequently married to Amber Dawn Landin (1993-1998).[17] Since 1999 he has been married to April Malmsteen, with whom he has a son named Antonio, after Antonio Vivaldi. The family now resides in Miami Shores, Florida.[18]

A Ferrari enthusiast, Malmsteen owned a black 1983 308 GTS for 24 years before selling it on eBay,[19] and a red 1962 250 GTO.[20]

In a 2005 issue of Guitar Player magazine, Malmsteen discussed his often-ridiculed behaviour, saying that, "I've probably made more mistakes than anybody. But I don't dwell on them. I don't expect people to understand me, because I'm pretty complex, and I think outside the box with everything I do. I've always taken the untraveled path. Obviously, people have their opinions, but I can't get too wrapped up in that, because I know what I can do and I know what kind of person I am. And I have no control over what anybody says about me. Back in Sweden I'm 'Mr Personality' in the tabloids, but obviously I can't take that seriously. I know in my heart that if I do the absolute best I can do, maybe ten years from now people may turn around and say 'he wasn't that bad'."[21]

Equipment

Yngwie Malmsteen Signature Stratocaster

Maple fretboard YJM Stratocasters
Maple fretboard YJM Stratocasters
Scalloped maple fretboard on a YJM Strat
Scalloped maple fretboard on a YJM Strat
Yngwie Malmsteen Signature Stratocaster with rosewood fretboard
Yngwie Malmsteen Signature Stratocaster with rosewood fretboard

Malmsteen has been a longtime user of Fender Stratocasters with DiMarzio HS3 single-coil pickups "for playing at blistering volume with no hum or screechiness".[22] His most famous Stratocaster is his 1972 blonde Stratocaster, nicknamed "The Duck" because of its yellow finish and the Donald Duck stickers on the headstock. An alternative nickname for this guitar is "Play Loud" due to a sticker that Anders Johansson put on the upper horn of the guitar in Rockshire studios in 1984. Fender made 100 replica copies of this guitar and marketed it as the "Play Loud Guitar". He also has a Fender Yngwie Malmsteen Signature Stratocaster since 1986.[23] It comes in a Vintage White finish with a maple neck, either a maple or rosewood fretboard with scalloped frets and, from 2010, Seymour Duncan STK-S10 YJM "Fury" Model pickups. There is also a signature YJM100 Marshall amplifier, based on the "1959" amplifier range.

Even though his signature amplifier is based on the 100 watt "1959" model, Malmsteen is most noted for preferring 50 watt "1987" model metal-faced Marshall amplifiers manufactured between 1972 and 1973. His speaker cabinets are always loaded with Celestion G12T-75 speakers. Another big part of his sound is his overdrive pedal, which he uses to push the front-end of the Marshalls. Most recently he is using a Fender Yngwie Malmsteen Overdrive, which is largely based on a vintage DOD Overdrive/Preamp 250 pedal which he used for many years. DOD made a (now discontinued) signature version of the DOD-250 for Malmsteen called the YJM-308 (named after a combination of his initials and the model number of one of his favorite Ferrari's). He has been known to use his overdrive pedals in the loop of a Boss NS-2 Noise Suppressor. For clean tones he employs the use of a Boss CE-5 Chorus Ensemble, and uses a Korg DL8000R in his rack for delays. He often has a Dunlop JH-F1 Hendrix Fuzz Face on the stage-floor, but doesn't use it. Malmsteen claims that he likes seeing the Fuzz Face because it "looks like a land-mine".

Malmsteen has stated that he prefers the Stratocaster (from the period of 1968–1972); he claims that the bigger headstock on these generates more sustain.[citation needed] Malmsteen customizes his guitars by fitting a brass nut, removing the middle string tree, scalloping the fretboard, converting the neck from 3 to 4 bolt configuration (when necessary), installing Wilkinson springs on the tremolo, and refretting the neck with Dunlop 6000 fret wire. He previously disconnected the tone controls on his guitars but since Fender initiated the use of the "no load" potentiometer no longer does this. Malmsteen now uses his signature Seymour Duncan YJM Fury pickups. Before using the YJM's, he used DiMarzio pickups – most notably the HS3 model and the YJM (now known as HS4) model. Malmsteen would use an HS3 in the bridge and two YJMs in the middle and neck positions. The YJM/HS4 is simply a staggered magnet version of the HS3. In some early recordings, Malmsteen instead used the HS3 model in the neck and bridge positions and a disconnected stock Fender single-coil pickup in the middle. In even earlier recordings, Malmsteen was using DiMarzio FS-1 pickups.

Other guitars

Besides Stratocasters, Malmsteen has played and appeared in ads for non-Fender guitars (like Aria Pro II and Schecter in the early 1980s) and played non-Strat-shaped guitars (like Gibson Flying Vs), early in his career. Today, for acoustic and nylon string guitars, Malmsteen uses his signature Ovation YM68s.

Band members

Current members

  • Yngwie Malmsteen – guitars, vocals (1978–1982, 1984–present)
  • Nick Marino – keyboards, vocals (2005–2006, 2010–present)
  • Emilio Martinez – bass, vocals (2017–present)
  • Brian Wilson - drums (2018–present)

Discography

Steeler

Year Title Label US peak chart positions
1983 Steeler Shrapnel
2005 Metal Generation: The Steeler Anthology Majestic Rock

Alcatrazz

Studio albums

Year Title Album details US peak chart positions
1983 No Parole from Rock 'n' Roll Released: 15 October 1983
Label: Polydor
128

Live albums

Year Title US peak chart positions
1984 Live Sentence 133
No Parole from Rock 'n' Roll Tour Live in Japan 1984.1.28 Audio Tracks (2010 Reissue)
Live In Japan 1984 Complete Edition (2018 Reissue)
2010 Live '83
2018 The Official Bootleg Boxset 1983-1986: Live, Demo, Rehearsals (6CD-Boxset)

Videos

  • Metallic Live (1984, VHS)
    • Alcatrazz Live Sentence 1984 (2010, DVD Reissue)

G3

Live albums

Year Title US peak chart positions
2004 G3: Rockin' in the Free World

Videos

Solo

Studio albums

Year Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
AUS[24] SWE JPN
[25][26]
US
[27]
UK
1984 Rising Force Released: November 1984
Label: Polydor
14 19 60
1985 Marching Out Released: 30 September 1985
Label: Polydor
9 18 54
1986 Trilogy Released: 4 November 1986
Label: Polydor
18 16 44
1988 Odyssey Released: 8 April 1988
Label: Polydor
75 7 19 40 27
1990 Eclipse Released: 20 April 1990
Label: Polydor
46 12 11 112 43
1992 Fire & Ice Released: 7 February 1992
Label: Elektra
11 1 121 57
1994 The Seventh Sign Released: 9 May 1994
Label: Pony Canyon
11 2
1995 Magnum Opus Released: 17 October 1995
Label: Pony Canyon
17 9
1996 Inspiration (cover album) Released: 14 October 1996
Label: Pony Canyon
35 9
1997 Facing the Animal Released: 23 February 1997
Label: Pony Canyon
39 4
1998 Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra Released: 30 June 1998
Label: Pony Canyon
10
1999 Alchemy Released: 23 November 1999
Label: Pony Canyon
11
2000 War to End All Wars Released: 7 November 2000
Label: Pony Canyon
20
2002 Attack!! Released: 15 October 2002
Label: Pony Canyon
17
2005 Unleash the Fury Released: 26 July 2005
Label: Universal Music
23
2008 Perpetual Flame Released: 13 October 2008
Label: Rising Force
52 15
2009 Angels of Love (instrumental album) Released: 10 March 2009
Label: Rising Force
52 55
2010 Relentless Released: 23 November 2010
Label: Rising Force
40
2012 Spellbound Released: 5 December 2012
Label: Rising Force
40
2016 World on Fire Released: 1 June 2016
Label: Rising Force
24
2019 Blue Lightning Released: 29 March 2019
Label: Rising Force
35

Live albums

Year Album details Peak chart positions
AUS[24] JPN US
[27]
UK
1989 Trial by Fire: Live in Leningrad 98 20 128 65
1998 Double Live 48
2002 Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra in E flat minor LIVE with the New Japan Philharmonic
2014 Spellbound Live in Tampa

Compilations

Year Album details Peak chart positions
SWE JPN US UK
1991 The Yngwie Malmsteen Collection
2000 Yngwie J. Malmsteen : The Best of '90–'99
2000 Anthology 1994-1999
2001 Yngwie Malmsteen Archives
2002 The Genesis 94
2004 Instrumental Best Album
2009 High Impact

EP

Year Title Album details Peark chart positions
SWE JPN US UK
1994 I Can't Wait Released: 21 October 1994
Label: Pony Canyon
25

Videos

Year Titles Type
1985 Rising Force: Live '85 Live
1989 Trial by Fire: Live in Leningrad '89 Live
1991 Yngwie Malmsteen Instruction
1992 Yngwie Malmsteen Collection MV
1993 Leo Fender Benefit Live Live
1994 Live at Budokan (LD)/Live in Budokan (2009 DVD Reissue) Live
1995 Play Loud! The 1st Movement [The Basics] Instruction
Play Loud! The 2nd Movement [Arpeggio]
Play Loud! The 3rd Movement [Classical Styling]
1998 Live!! (VHS)/Live Animal (2009 DVD Reissue) Live
2000 Yngwie Malmsteen Video Clips MV
Play Loud! "Full Shred" Instruction
2002 Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra in E Flat Minor Live with the New Japan Philharmonic Live
2007 Far Beyond The Sun (Rising Force: Live In Japan '85, Trial By Fire: Live In Leningrad '89 & Bonus Features) Live compilation
2009 Live in Korea Live
2010 Raw Live Live compilation
2014 Spellbound Live in Orlando Live

Music videos

  • Island in the Sun (1983) (with Alcatrazz)
  • Hiroshima Mon Amour (1983) (with Alcatrazz)
  • I'll See the Light Tonight (1985)
  • We're Stars (1986) (with Hear 'N Aid)
  • You Don't Remember, I'll Never Forget (1986)
  • Heaven Tonight (1988)
  • Making Love (1990)
  • Save Our Love (1990)
  • Bedroom Eyes (1990)
  • Teaser (1992)
  • Dragonfly (1992)
  • Forever One (1994)
  • The Only One (1995)
  • Carry on Wayward Son (Kansas Cover) (1996)
  • Alone in Paradise (1997)
  • Like an Angel-For April (1997)
  • Hanger 18, Area 51 (1999)
  • Crucify (2000)

Guest appearances

Year Artist Song Album Notes
1986 Hear'n Aid Stars Hear 'n Aid
1988 Tone Norum Point Of No Return This Time...
1990 Erika Emergency Cold Winter Night
1991 Various Leviathan Guitars That Rule The World
1994 Speed King Smoke On The Water: A Tribute Vo. Kelly Keeling
1994 Lazy Vo. Joe Lynn Turner
1995 Carmine Appice's Guitar Zeus This Time Around Carmine Appice's Guitar Zeus Vo. Doug Pinnick
1995 Various Burn Black Night: Deep Purple Tribute According To New York Guitar solo, as Lars Y. Loudamp
1996 Human Clay Jealousy Human Clay
Saxon Denim & Leather The Eagle Has Landed Part II
Johansson Enigma Suite Sonic Winter
All Opposable Thumbs
Various Keep Yourself Alive Dragon Attack (A Tribute To Queen) Vo. Mark Boals
1997 MVP Say A Prayer Windows
1999 Various Dream On A Tribute To Aerosmith Vo. Ronnie James Dio
Light Up The Sky Little Guitars - A Tribute To Van Halen Vo. Doug Pinnick
2000 Mr. Crowley Bat Head Soup - Tribute To Ozzy Vo. Tim "Ripper" Owens
2002 Åsa Jinder Göksbypolska Tro, Hopp & Kärlek - Visor Om Livet
2003 Derek Sherinian The Fury Black Utopia
Axis Of Evil
Various Daddy, Brother, Lover, Little Boy Influences & Connections - Volume One: Mr. Big Guitar solo, Vo. Joe Lynn Turner
2005 Radioactive Shattered Taken
Violent Storm Fire In The Unknown Violent Storm/Storm Warning
Pain Is For Me
DJ Schmolli What's This Name For? Schnipseljagd Vol. 01
2006 Various Magical Mystery Tour Butchering The Beatles - A Headbashing Tribute Vo. Jeff Scott Soto
Derek Sherinian Blood Of The Snake Blood Of The Snake
The Monsoon
Prelude To Battle
Viking Massacre

See also

References

  1. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh. "The 10 Greatest Electric-Guitar Players of All Time". Time.com. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Swedish guitarist Yngwie Malmsteen turns 55 years old today. Steve Huey of Allmu…". Megarockradio.net. 30 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen FAQ". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Yngwie J. Malmsteen - A force to be reckoned with". Guitarconnoisseurmagazine.com. 20 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen Pays Tribute to the World's First Shredder, Niccolo Paganini". Guitar World. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  6. ^ "YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen". Guitarsite.com.
  8. ^ "Literature Study Guides - By Popularity". eNotes.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen Award Achievement in Guitar Hero II". Trueachievements.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Time Magazine Picks the 10 Best Electric Guitar Players (including Yngwie)". Fretbase. 24 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2 April 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen at Sun Life Stadium". Youtube.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Guitar Gods Tour 2014 – Yngwie Malmsteen/Gary Hoey/Bumblefoot". Rockinconcertreviews.wordpress.com. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen Hard at Work on New Studio Album". Blabbermouth.net. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  14. ^ "MASCOT LABEL GROUP CELEBRATES BREAKTHROUGH YEAR". Mascot Label Group. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen's track-by-track guide to new album Blue Lightning". Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  16. ^ Rönn, Cina (1 March 2000). "Erika Evenlind skriver dagbok på kvinna". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  17. ^ Rubin, Paul (17 May 2007). "Belle of the Ball Gag". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  18. ^ "South Florida Lawyers: Yngwie Happens". Southfloridalawyers.blogspot.com. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  19. ^ "YNGWIE MALMSTEEN Auctioning 1983 Ferrari GTS 308 QV". Blabbermouth.net. 13 May 2007. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  20. ^ "Answers from Yngwie". 29 September 2013. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007.
  21. ^ "Yngwie Malmsteen: Total Control". ProQuest 859515933. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  22. ^ Walser, Robert. Running With the Devil: Power, Gender, and Madness in Heavy Metal Music. Wesleyan University Press.
  23. ^ "Fender Guitars - Electric, Acoustic & Bass Guitars, Amps, Pro Audio". Shop.fender.com.
  24. ^ a b Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (pdf ed.). Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005 (in Japanese). Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
  26. ^ 週間 CDアルバムランキング 2019年04月08日付 [Weekly CD Album Ranking on 8 April 2019]. Oricon News (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  27. ^ a b "Yngwie Malmsteen Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Eldridge Industries.
  28. ^ "Japanese album   certifications – Yngwie Malmsteen – Fire & Ice" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Select 1992年3月 on the drop-down menu
  29. ^ "Japanese album   certifications – Yngwie Malmsteen – The Seventh Sign" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Select 1995年10月 on the drop-down menu
  30. ^ "Japanese album   certifications – Yngwie Malmsteen – Facing the Animal" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Select 1997年9月 on the drop-down menu

External links

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