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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ylivieska, Finland
Town
Ylivieskan kaupunki
Ylivieska stad
The second oldest concrete bridge in Finland, built in 1912 and named humorously as Savisilta ("clay bridge") is located in Ylivieska.
The second oldest concrete bridge in Finland, built in 1912 and named humorously as Savisilta ("clay bridge") is located in Ylivieska.
Coat of arms of Ylivieska, Finland
Location of Ylivieska in Finland
Location of Ylivieska in Finland
Coordinates: 64°04.5′N 024°32′E / 64.0750°N 24.533°E / 64.0750; 24.533
Country Finland
RegionNorthern Ostrobothnia
Sub-regionYlivieska sub-region
Charter1867
Market town1965
City rights1971
Government
 • Town managerMaria Sorvisto
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total573.42 km2 (221.40 sq mi)
 • Land568.56 km2 (219.52 sq mi)
 • Water4.56 km2 (1.76 sq mi)
Area rank150th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total15,308
 • Rank74th largest in Finland
 • Density26.92/km2 (69.7/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish99.2% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Others0.7%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1421%
 • 15 to 6458.6%
 • 65 or older20.5%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]23%
Websitewww.ylivieska.fi

Ylivieska is a town and municipality of Northern Ostrobothnia region, Finland. It has a population of 15,308 (31 March 2021),[2] and it serves as the administrative centre for Kalajokilaakso and Pyhäjokilaakso, an area with about 90,000 inhabitants.

Ylivieska is also the commercial center of the Oulu South region, the southern part of the late Oulu province.

The closest cities near Ylivieska are Oulu (130 km or 81 mi), Vaasa (199 km or 124 mi) and Kokkola (79 km or 49 mi), the neighbouring municipalities are Oulainen, Haapavesi, Nivala, Sievi, Kalajoki, Alavieska and Merijärvi.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Geography

Ylivieska is located in Northern Ostrobothnia about 130 kilometres (80 mi) south of the city of Oulu.

The town is characterized by the Kalajoki River, which runs SE–NW through the town centre. The agricultural and economical area of the Kalajoki river basin is known as Kalajokilaakso.

Ylivieska is situated along the Ostrobothnia railway, which leads from Helsinki, the national capital, to Rovaniemi in the north of the country. The railway was opened in 1886 and it has had a significant role in the town's economical development. Ylivieska is junction station with services to Iisalmi and other Eastern Finland. There are also coach services to Jyväskylä and Kajaani.

Economy

Kärkkäinen discount store in Ylivieska
Kärkkäinen discount store in Ylivieska

Employment by industry (2005)

  • Services 66.1%
  • Industry 28.5%
  • Agriculture and forestry 5.4%
  • Unemployment 11%

Agriculture and animal husbandry, mainly milking cows, used to be the main sources of livelihood in Ylivieska. In recent decades, the role of agriculture has reduced following the development of industry and services. Currently, Ylivieska is home to about 30 industrial enterprises, some of which are also internationally recognized in their respective niche markets.

Regionally, Ylivieska has become an important place for car buyers. There are several stores and agents selling new and used cars, and purchases average about 6,000 cars per year. Thus, the local car sales entrepreneurs have created the concept of Ylivieska being the "Autolaakso" or "car valley" of the Kalajokilaakso and neighbouring regions.

Culture

The Ylivieska City Library operates through the library building, the bookmobile, the home library and the Joki Libraries online library and other offices.[6]

The Culture Center Akustiikka is a cultural center in the town center. There is a 405-seat concert hall, an exhibition hall, a recording studio, and meeting and video conference rooms. There are many different concerts and events in Akustiikka, 15 exhibitions a year in the exhibition hall. Akustiikka also serves as Ylivieska's cinema.[7]

The Pro Ylivieska Medal is a recognition given to a person or community in Ylivieska in recognition of merit in the field of science, sports, art or other cultural work for long-term and significant work in society or significant national achievements.[8]

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Ylivieska is twinned with:[9]

Friendship

Trivia

President Kyösti Kallio
  • The Home Region Museum of Ylivieska features traditional countryside lifestyle, some old buildings, and as a curiosity, a 700-piece collection of milk jugs, with jugs from 15 countries.
  • Kyösti Kallio (1873–1940), the 4th President of Finland, was born in Ylivieska.
  • The specialty foods of Ylivieska are maitorieska, a simple but tasty flat bread made of barley flour, milk and salt, and pepu, which only has the same ingredients as the maitorieska, but instead of being formed into flat breads and baked, pepu is boiled and pan fried. At the neighbouring municipality Sievi, a specialty food is mutti, which is actually unfried pepu.
  • Ylivieska is the home of a spreading agricultural technology called moist grain crimping, developed in the late 1960s by two local brothers.
  • Its church burned down on 26 March 2016.
  • Birthplace of Esaias Somero (1833-1868) and his wife Anna Ojanpera (1831-1907) whose children immigrated to the United States and multiplied to thousands of descendants who started numerous famous contracting companies to include: Somero Laser Screed Enterprises, Seppala & Aho Construction, Hutter Construction, Vanguard Scaffolding, S&S Concrete Floors and numerous others.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Kirjasto" (in Finnish). Town of Ylivieska. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  7. ^ "Kokous- ja konserttikeidas keskellä kaupunkia" (in Finnish). Town of Ylivieska. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  8. ^ "Juha Kärkkäinen ja kolme muuta saivat Pro Ylivieska -mitalin". Kaleva (in Finnish). September 23, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  9. ^ "Kaupunki-info". ylivieska.fi (in Finnish). Ylivieska. Retrieved 2019-12-08.

External links

Media related to Ylivieska at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 4 September 2021, at 13:43
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