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Vyazniki, Vladimir Oblast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vyazniki

Вязники
Sobornaya Square in Vyazniki
Sobornaya Square in Vyazniki
Coat of arms of Vyazniki
Coat of arms
Location of Vyazniki
Vyazniki is located in Russia
Vyazniki
Vyazniki
Location of Vyazniki
Vyazniki is located in Vladimir Oblast
Vyazniki
Vyazniki
Vyazniki (Vladimir Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°15′N 42°10′E / 56.250°N 42.167°E / 56.250; 42.167
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVladimir Oblast[1]
Administrative districtVyaznikovsky District[1]
First mentioned1608[2]
Town status since1778.[2]
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total41,248
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
35,865 (-13.1%)
 • Capital ofVyaznikovsky District[5]
 • Municipal districtVyaznikovsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementVyazniki Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofVyaznikovsky Municipal District[6], Vyazniki Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
601440–601446Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID17610101001

Vyazniki (Russian: Вя́зники) is a town and the administrative center of Vyaznikovsky District in Vladimir Oblast, Russia. Population: 41,248 (2010 Census);[3] 40,398 (2002 Census);[9] 45,438 (1989 Census).[10]

History

The strategic height overlooking the Klyazma River was of great importance for defending approaches to the medieval Russian capital of Vladimir. To that effect, a fortress was established there some time in the 12th century,[2] most likely in the 1130s. The Yaropolk fortress took its name from one prince named Yaropolk. It was situated about halfway between the nearest Klyazma ports: Starodub-on-the-Klyazma and Gorokhovets.

After the Mongols destroyed the fortress in 1238,[2] Yaropolk was next documented in the 1389 treaty between Vasily I and his uncle Vladimir the Bold.[citation needed]

The selo of Vyazniki likely appeared slightly downhill from Yaropolk in the end of the 16th century; its first mention in the documents was in 1608 and it quickly developed into a merchant sloboda.[2] When Yaropolk was annihilated by fire in 1703, Vyazniki came to dominate the area. In 1778, Vyazniki was granted town status.[2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vyazniki serves as the administrative center of Vyaznikovsky District,[5] to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Vyazniki, together with sixty-two rural localities in Vyaznikovsky District, is incorporated within Vyaznikovsky Municipal District as Vyazniki Urban Settlement.[6]

Economy

As of the beginning of the 21st century, Vyazniki is one of the centers of the flax industry of Russia.

Religion

Annunciation church
Annunciation church

The most notable landmark is the Annunciation Church, constructed between 1682 and 1689.

References

Town Museum
Town Museum
Tower of Senkov Mansion
Tower of Senkov Mansion

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Resolution #433
  2. ^ a b c d e f Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 98–99. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 17 210», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 17 210, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  6. ^ a b c d e Law #62-OZ
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • Администрация Владимирской области. Постановление №433 от 13 июня 2007 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области», в ред. Постановления №169 от 5 марта 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в Постановление Губернатора области от 13.06.2007 №433 "О реестре административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №114, 20 июня 2007 г. (Administration of Vladimir Oblast. Resolution #433 of June 13, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #169 of March 5, 2015 On Amending Resolution #433 of the Oblast Governor of June 13, 2007 "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Владимирской области. Закон №62-ОЗ от 16 мая 2005 г. «О переименовании муниципального образования округ Вязники в муниципальное образование Вязниковский район, наделении его и вновь образованных муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав, соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №111-ОЗ от 10 августа 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Владимирской области "О переименовании муниципального образования округ Вязники в муниципальное образование Вязниковский район, наделении его и вновь образованных муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав, соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований и установлении их границ"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования (18 мая 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №158–165, 18 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #62-OZ of May 16, 2005 On Renaming the Municipal Formation of Vyazniki Okrug the Municipal Formation of Vyaznikovsky District, on Granting It and the Municipal Formations Comprising It an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #111-OZ of August 10, 2009 On Amending the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Renaming the Municipal Formation of Vyazniki Okrug the Municipal Formation of Vyaznikovsky District, on Granting It and the Municipal Formations Comprising It an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication (May 18, 2005).).

This page was last edited on 25 June 2019, at 13:49
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