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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowing Hair large cent, wreath reverse
United states
Value0.01 U.S. Dollar
Mass13.48 g
Diameter26-27 mm
EdgeDecorated with bars and vines
Composition100% Cu
Years of minting1793
Mint marksNone, all large cents were minted at the Philadelphia Mint
Obverse
NNC-US-1793-1C-Flowing Hair Cent (wreath) (obverse).jpg
DesignLiberty
DesignerHenry Voigt
Design date1793
Reverse
NNC-US-1793-1C-Flowing Hair Cent (wreath) (reverse).jpg
DesignWreath
DesignerHenry Voigt
Design date1793

The Wreath cent was an American large cent. It was the second design type, following the Chain cent in 1793. It was produced only during that year.

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Transcription

Contents

Obverse design

The obverse design consisted of a stylized Liberty head with flowing hair. The inscription "LIBERTY" appeared above the portrait. Below it was a three-leaved sprig and the date.[1] The design of the Liberty head was modified somewhat from that of the Chain cent to address public criticism.

Reverse design

The reverse's central design figure, for which the coin is named, was a wreath. The words "ONE CENT" appeared within the wreath, and the corresponding fraction "1/100" appeared beneath it. Along the outer edge was inscribed "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA". A decorative beaded border was added along the rim.

Varieties

Approximately 63,353 Wreath cents were struck. Early specimens featured a stylized "vine/bars" design on the edges of the planchet, which was identical to that of the earlier Chain cent. Later on, this was changed to a lettered edge reading "ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR". Early American copper collectors generally categorize the coins still further into thirteen different varieties under the Sheldon system.[2][3] Most of these variations entail relatively minor changes, and often require careful examination to discern. One variety, however, is far more recognizable: the "Strawberry Leaf". On these strikings, the trefoil sprig above the date took the form of a strawberry plant. Only four such specimens are known, and all are heavily circulated. The finest known Strawberry Leaf cent sold at auction for $414,000 in November 2004.[4]

Legacy

The 1793 Wreath Cent is featured in the 2014 novel The Automation.

References

  1. ^ "Illustrated History of the United States Mint With a Complete Description of American Coinage" Page 78, 1890
  2. ^ 1793 Wreath Cents, Collectors Universe, Inc.
  3. ^ 1793 Wreath Cent Varieties, Collectors Universe, Inc.
  4. ^ Kyle, Robert (2005), Rare 1793 U.S. Cent Found in Maine Sells for $414,000, Maine Antique Digest
Preceded by
Chain cent
United States one-cent coin
(1793)
Succeeded by
Liberty Cap cent
This page was last edited on 6 July 2019, at 20:15
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