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Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood
Salterford Lane - geograph.org.uk - 685493.jpg

Entering the parish across Salterford Bridge
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood is located in the Borough of Burnley
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood
Shown within Burnley Borough
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood is located in Lancashire
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood
Location within Lancashire
Area5.60 sq mi (14.5 km2[1]
Population2,963 (2011) [1]
• Density529/sq mi (204/km2)
OS grid referenceSD875325
Civil parish
  • Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBURNLEY
Postcode districtBB10
Dialling code01282
PoliceLancashire
FireLancashire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°47′N 2°11′W / 53.78°N 2.18°W / 53.78; -2.18

Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood is a civil parish in the Borough of Burnley, in Lancashire, England. Situated on the eastern outskirts of Burnley, in 2011 it had a population of 2,963.[1]

The parish contains part of the Pike Hill and Brownside suburbs of Burnley, the village of Worsthorne and the hamlet of Hurstwood and the rural area east of the town.

The parish adjoins the Borough of Burnley parishes of Briercliffe and Cliviger, the unparished area of Burnley and the West Yorkshire district of Calderdale.

History

The second element in the name Worsthorne is probably from the Old English þorn, a thorny bush. Its first is less certain, possibly worþ (homestead) or a personal name as in Worthing. With Hurstwood, hyrst is thought to mean a wooded prominence, as 'wood' (OE wudu) has been appended, it may just mean a prominence in this case.[2]

A Bronze Age round cairn and bowl barrow are located on Hameldon Pasture, with a ring cairn nearby on Slipper Hill.[3][4][5] The remains of two Romano-British farmsteads known as Ring Stones camp is also in the area.[6] All are protected as Scheduled monuments. Traces of a Roman road have been reported heading north-west from Ring Stones.[7]

After the Norman conquest of England, the area may have been part of Briercliffe township, and the lords of Clitheroe appear to have divided Worsthorne among a number of free tenants. In 1292 Henry de Lacy granted the homage and service of the free tenants of Worsthorne to Oliver de Stansfield, his receiver for Pontefract. In 1311 Worsthorne was listed as a manor, and by 1332 it was regarded as an independent township. Control of the manor would stay with the Stansfield family until 1560.[8]

During World War II a Starfish site bombing decoy was constructed off Gorple Road to the east of Worsthorne, part of a network designed to protect Accrington.[9] Also a B-24 Liberator from the 491st Bombardment Group USAAF crashed on Black Hameldon in February 1945.[10]

Geography

Hurstwood and Cant Clough reservoirs are in the south-east of the parish, both are passed by the Mary Towneley Loop section of the Pennine Bridleway National Trail and the Burnley Way footpath.[11] Swinden and Lea Green reservoirs are in the north on the boundary with Briercliffe.[12]

Governance

Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood was once a township in the ancient parish of Whalley. This became a civil parish in 1866, forming part of the Burnley Rural District from 1894.[13] Since 1974 Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood has formed part of the Borough of Burnley.

The parish is part of the Cliviger with Worsthorne ward of the borough council, along with the neighbouring parish of Cliviger.[14] The ward elects three councillors, currently Cosima Towneley and Ivor Emo of the Conservatives, and Andrew Newhouse (Burnley and Padiham Independent Party).[15] The parish is represented on Lancashire County Council as part of the Burnley Rural division, represented since 2017 by Cosima Towneley.[16]

The Member of Parliament for Burnley, the constituency into which the parish falls, is Antony Higginbotham (Conservative), who was first elected in 2019.

Demography

According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, the parish has a population of 2,963, a decrease from 2,986 in the 2001 census. This represents a decline of 0.8% over ten years. The parish has an area of 1,452 hectares (5.61 sq mi; 14.52 km2), giving a population density of 2.04 inhabitants per hectare (530/sq mi; 204/km2).[1][17] The developed parts of the parish were included in the Burnley Built-up area, defined in the 2011 census which had a population of 149,422.[18]

In 2011 the average (mean) age of residents was 44.7 years, with a distribution of 51.1% female and 48.9% male. The racial composition was 99% White (98% White British), 0.6% Asian and 0.6% Mixed. The largest religious groups were Christian (77.6%) and Muslim (0.2%). 71.6% of adults between the ages of 16 and 74 were classed as economically active and in work.[1]

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Population 852 1,101 1,326 1,239 1,606 1,640 2,986 2,963
[13][17][1]

Media gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood Parish (1170214987)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  2. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1922). The place-names of Lancashire. Manchester University Press. pp. 78, 84. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Ring cairn on Slipper Hill (1009112)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Bowl barrow on Hameldon Pasture (1008918)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Round cairn on Hameldon Pasture (1008919)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Two Romano-British farmsteads known as Ring Stones (1009488)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  7. ^ Historic England. "MONUMENT NO. 45320  (45320)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  8. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, John, eds. (1911), The Victoria History of the County of Lancaster Vol 6, Victoria County History, - Constable & Co, pp. 473–478, OCLC 832215477
  9. ^ Historic England. "STARFISH BOMBING DECOY SF35D  (1469070)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  10. ^ Historic England. "42-50668  (1436774)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  11. ^ MKH Computer Services Ltd. "Burnley Way — LDWA Long Distance Paths". ldwa.org.uk. Retrieved 21 March 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "103" (Map). Blackburn & Burnley (C2 ed.). 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 2006. ISBN 978-0-319-22829-6.
  13. ^ a b "Worsthorne with Hurstwood Tn/CP through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 25 July 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "Wards and parishes map". MARIO. Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 28 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "Your Councillors". burnley.moderngov.co.uk. Burnley Borough Council. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  16. ^ "County Councillors by Local Community". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  17. ^ a b UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood Parish (30UD007)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  18. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Burnley Built-up area (E34004743)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 March 2021.

External links

Media related to Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 3 May 2021, at 18:29
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