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World Book Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

World Book Day
UNESCO World Book and Copyright Day 2012 poster.png
UNESCO World Book and Copyright Day 2012 poster
Official nameNational World Book Day
Also calledWND
Observed byAll UN Member States
TypeInternational
DateApril 23
Frequencyannual

World Book Day, also known as World Book and Copyright Day, or International Day of the Book, is an annual event organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to promote reading, publishing, and copyright. The first World Book Day was celebrated on 23 April in 1995, and continues to be recognized on that day. A related event in the United Kingdom and Ireland is observed in March.

Date selection

The original idea was of the Spanish writer Vicente Clavel Andrés as a way to honour the author Miguel de Cervantes, first on 7 October, his birth date, then on 23 April, his death date. In 1995 UNESCO decided that the World Book and Copyright Day would be celebrated on 23 April, as the date is also the anniversary of the death of Miguel de Cervantes, William Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, as well as that of the birth or death of several other prominent authors.[1] (In a historical coincidence, Shakespeare and Cervantes died on the same date — 23 April 1616 — but not on the same day, as at the time, Spain used the Gregorian calendar and England used the Julian calendar; Shakespeare actually died 10 days after Cervantes died, on 3 May of the Gregorian calendar).

World Book Day by region

Forum on reading aloud held outside the campus library at the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Mexico City for the occasion
Forum on reading aloud held outside the campus library at the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Mexico City for the occasion

Catalonia

In Catalonia, St. George's Day (Diada de Sant Jordi), the patron saint of Catalonia, has been commemorated since 1436, and involves the exchange of gifts between loved ones and respected people. St George's Day in Catalonia is celebrated with giving loved ones books and roses, and is an opportunity for Catalans to honour their patron saint and show their love of culture.[2]

Spain

In Spain, Book Day began to be celebrated since 1926 every October 7, the date that Miguel de Cervantes was believed to have been born. But, it was considered more appropriate to celebrate this day in a more pleasant season for walking and browsing the books in the open-air. Spring was much better than fall. So in 1930 King Alfonso XIII approved the change of celebration of the Book Day on April 23, the supposed date of the death of Cervantes.[3]

Sweden

In Sweden, the day is known as Världsbokdagen ("World Book Day") and the copyright aspect is seldom mentioned. Normally celebrated on 23 April, it was moved to 13 April in the year 2000[4] and 2011 to avoid a clash with Easter.[5]

United Kingdom and Ireland

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, World Book Day is a charity event in March, held annually on the first Thursday and coinciding with the release of special editions.[6] The annual celebration on 23 April is World Book Night, an event organized by independent charity The Reading Agency.[7]

United States

In Kensington, Maryland, the International Day of the Book is celebrated with a street festival on the Sunday closest to 26 April.[8]

This year 15th Annual Kensington Day of the Book Festival was cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "World Book and Copyright Day, 23 April". Un.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  2. ^ Finnigan, Christopher (23 April 2016). "Boys, girls, books and roses: a literary love affair in Catalonia". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  3. ^ The World Book Day | url=https://www.skipthelinebarcelona.com/world-book-day/
  4. ^ Världsbokdagen flyttas  Archived 2012-04-08 at the Wayback Machine, Svensk Bokhandel, 22 October 1999
  5. ^ Världsbokdagen "flyttas", Dagens Nyheter, 11 November 2010.
  6. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". World Book Day (UK & Ireland). 7 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  7. ^ "World Book Night". Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  8. ^ a b "KENSINGTON DAY OF THE BOOK FESTIVAL". ok.md.gov.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 April 2021, at 15:35
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