To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Princeton School of Public and International Affairs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Princeton School of Public and International Affairs
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.jpg
Robertson Hall, home to the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs
Parent institution
Princeton University
DeanCecilia Rouse
Academic staff
85 full-time faculty members and approximately 45 visiting professors, lecturers, and practitioners
StudentsApproximately 300 undergraduate students and approximately 190 graduate students
Location, ,
United States

The Princeton School of Public and International Affairs (formerly the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs) is a professional public policy school at Princeton University. The school provides an array of comprehensive coursework in the fields of international development, foreign policy, science and technology, and economics and finance through its undergraduate (AB) degrees, graduate Master of Public Affairs (MPA), Master of Public Policy (MPP), and PhD degrees. Since 2012, Cecilia Rouse has been dean of the Princeton School. The school is consistently ranked as one of the best institutions for the study of international relations and public affairs in the country and in the world.[1] Foreign Policy ranks the Princeton School as No. 2 in the world for International Relations at the undergraduate and PhD levels, behind the Harvard Kennedy School.[2]


In 1930, Princeton University established the School of Public and International Affairs, which was originally meant to serve as an interdisciplinary program for undergraduate students in Princeton's liberal arts college. In 1948, the School added a graduate professional program and was renamed to honor Woodrow Wilson,[3] who was the 13th president of the University, governor of New Jersey and the 28th president of the United States. In two of Wilson's speeches at the University – first during its 150th anniversary celebration in 1896 and again at his inauguration as the University's president in 1902 – he mentioned “Princeton in the nation’s service.”[4] This phrase serves as the basis for the University's unofficial motto, which was amended in 2016 to "Princeton in the nation's service and in the service of humanity."[5]

In 2015, student protesters forced Princeton to reconsider having the School named after Wilson due to his racist views, of which they disapproved. The Wilson Legacy Review Committee ultimately decided to keep his name attached to the School, noting that, like many other notable figures from American history, Wilson had a "complex legacy of both positive and negative repercussions".[6][7]

On June 26, 2020, following the eruption of George Floyd protests and the resurgence of the Black Lives Matter movement, the Princeton University Board of Trustees decided to rename the Woodrow Wilson School the "Princeton School of Public and International Affairs", citing Wilson's "racist thinking and policies [that] make him an inappropriate namesake for a school or college whose scholars, students, and alumni must stand firmly against racism in all its forms."[8][9][10][11] It was also announced that Wilson College, the first of Princeton's six undergraduate residential colleges, will be renamed First College. Woodrow Wilson opposed admitting African-American students to Princeton, and introduced racial segregation into the United States federal civil service as President.[12]


Undergraduate program

The school stresses a multidisciplinary approach to policy studies, which includes a focus on politics, economics, sociology, psychology, molecular biology, geosciences, and health. Undergraduate students at the Wilson School take courses in at least four disciplines including economics, history, politics, psychology, sociology, and science.[13] In their junior year, students must enroll in and complete a Policy Task Force, which addresses a specific public policy issue. Students conduct research, propose recommendations, and issue final reports.[14] Students are also allowed to work towards certificates in an array of fields, including Global Health and Health Policy, Urban Studies, and the History and the Practice of Diplomacy.

Master's degrees

The two-year MPA program prepares students for international and domestic policy careers. All second-year MPA students must complete a Policy Workshop, which emphasizes policy implementation. Through the graduate policy workshops, students conduct field-based research and present their research and recommendations to clients. Students also develop analytical and quantitative skills through coursework emphasizing the political, economic, and behavioral aspects of complex policy issues. MPA candidates may select one of four fields of concentration:

The one-year MPP program is designed for mid-career professionals, PhD research scientists, lawyers, and physicians who are involved in international and domestic public policy.

Doctoral degrees

The PhD in Public Affairs focuses on two research areas: security studies; and science, technology and environmental policy. The School works with other departments at the University to offer a Joint Degree Program that combines work in a social science with a multidisciplinary perspective on economics problems.[15] Graduate students also have the opportunity to pursue certificates in demography; health and health policy; science, technology and environmental policy; and urban policy/urban policy and planning.[16] In addition to the MPA, MPP and PhD degrees,[17] the School offers a four-year MPA/J.D. program, and has formal joint degree arrangements with law schools at Columbia University,[18] New York University[19] and Stanford University.[20] Students often refer to the school by its colloquial abbreviation, "Woody Woo". The school also offers a Joint Degree Program (JDP) in Social Policy, allowing students to take courses in the departments of politics, psychology, sociology, and economics.

Robertson Hall

Robertson Hall with James FitzGerald's Fountain of Freedom in the foreground
Robertson Hall with James FitzGerald's Fountain of Freedom in the foreground

In 1961, Charles ’26 and Marie Robertson provided a gift to expand the graduate school. Their gift funded the construction of the School’s current home, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, who also designed New York's original World Trade Center.[21] To the north of the building is James FitzGerald's Fountain of Freedom (1966).[22]

In 2012,[23] the Princeton University Art Museum announced the installation of the “Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads” exhibit by Chinese artist Ai Weiwei[24] on Scudder Plaza.

Centers and programs

The Princeton School has 19 unique centers and programs:[25]

PolicyNet is a network of prominent public policy schools around the world, founded in 2005 as a joint venture between the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Centre for International Governance Innovation for interaction and collaboration on issues of common interest, curricular programs, joint research projects and other activities.

The school is a full member of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs (APSIA), a group of schools of public policy, public administration, and international studies.[citation needed]

Notable alumni


Nearly all full-time Princeton School faculty members have dual appointments with other departments at the university. The school also has visiting professors, lecturers, and practitioners from the world of public and international affairs that teach. Faculty members at the School include Nobel Laureates, Pulitzer Prize winners, a university president,[26] and former ambassadors.[27] Nobel Laureates include Angus Deaton, Daniel Kahneman, Paul Krugman, and Arthur Lewis.


  1. ^ "International Affairs Grad School Guide" (PDF). Foreign Policy Association.
  2. ^ "The Best International Relations Schools in the World". Foreign Policy.
  3. ^ "Princeton Timeline".
  4. ^ "Princeton in the Nation's Service".
  5. ^ "Our History".
  6. ^ Hannon, Elliot (April 4, 2016). "Princeton Decides to Keep Woodrow Wilson's Name on Campus Buildings Despite Racist Past". Slate.
  7. ^ Markovich, Alexandra (April 4, 2016). "Princeton Board Votes to Keep Woodrow Wilson's Name on Campus Buildings". New York Times.
  8. ^ "U. renames Woodrow Wilson School and Wilson College". The Princetonian. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  9. ^ "President Eisgruber's message to community on removal of Woodrow Wilson name from public policy school and Wilson College". Princeton University. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  10. ^ "Board of Trustees' decision on removing Woodrow Wilson's name from public policy school and residential college". Princeton University. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  11. ^ Pietsch, Bryan (2020-06-27). "Princeton Will Remove Woodrow Wilson's Name From School". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  12. ^ Princeton To Remove Woodrow Wilson's Name From Public Policy School
  13. ^ "Undergraduate Academics".
  14. ^ "Policy Task Forces".
  15. ^ "Graduate Academics".
  16. ^ "Programs".
  17. ^ "Joint MPA/JD".
  18. ^ "Joint Degree Programs". Columbia Law School.
  19. ^ "Dual Degree with Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University". NYU Law.
  20. ^ "Overview of Joint Degree and Cooperative Programs". Stanford Law School.
  21. ^ Zielenziger, David. "Miss The World Trade Center? Princeton's Robertson Hall Remains Reminder". International Business Times.
  22. ^ "Fountain of Freedom". Campus Art at Princeton. Princeton Art Museum. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  23. ^ "Welcome to Ai Weiwei at Princeton".
  24. ^ "Ai Weiwei - Circle of Animals / Zodiac Heads".
  25. ^ "Centers and Programs".
  26. ^  Marver H. Bernstein, first Dean of the Woodrow Wilson School and 4th president of Brandeis University
  27. ^ "Faculty & Research".

External links

This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 00:14
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.