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Woman of the Year

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Woman of the Year
Woman of the Year (1942 poster - Style C).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byGeorge Stevens
Screenplay byRing Lardner Jr.
and Michael Kanin
Produced byJoseph L. Mankiewicz
StarringSpencer Tracy
Katharine Hepburn
CinematographyJoseph Ruttenberg
Edited byFrank Sullivan
Music byFranz Waxman
Production
company
Distributed byLoew's Inc.
Release date
  • February 19, 1942 (1942-02-19)
Running time
114 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$1,006,000[1]
Box office$2,708,000 (initial release)[1]

Woman of the Year is a 1942 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by George Stevens and starring Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn. The film was written by Ring Lardner Jr. and Michael Kanin (with uncredited work on the rewritten ending by John Lee Mahin), and produced by Joseph L. Mankiewicz.

The film's plot is about the relationship between Tess Harding—an international affairs correspondent, chosen "Woman of the Year"—and Sam Craig—a sportswriter—who meet, marry, and encounter problems as a result of her unflinching commitment to her work.

In 1999, this film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Plot

Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy in Woman of the Year
Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy in Woman of the Year

Tess Harding (Katharine Hepburn) and Sam Craig (Spencer Tracy) are journalists for the (fictional) New York Chronicle. Tess, the daughter of a former ambassador, is a highly educated, well-travelled political affairs columnist who speaks several languages fluently. Sam is a knowledgeable and well-informed sports writer. Their difficulties are presented as stemming from differences of class, experience and temperament, as well as from gender.

After Tess suggests on the radio that baseball be abolished for the duration of the war, Sam leaps to the sport's defense. Their editor summons them to his office: he will not stand for an intramural feud at his paper. Sam invites Tess to a baseball game at Yankee Stadium. She is unfamiliar with the rules of the sport—and Sam has some difficulty explaining them. Tess invites Sam to her apartment later that night. What he thought would be a date is actually a cocktail party where all the guests are discussing the world situation in foreign languages. He leaves. She sends him champagne to apologize and asks him to take her to the airport so he can kiss her goodbye. On the drive back to town, Sam hits it off with Ellen Whitcomb (Fay Bainter), Tess's aunt, who is a world-famous feminist. She advises him to "marry the girl."

Sam has his mind on a personable wedding, but it quickly escalates into a production. A justice of the peace in South Carolina is arranged by Gerald, Tess's ultra-competent secretary (Dan Tobin), to fit her schedule and that of her illustrious senator father (Minor Watson). Their wedding night is disrupted by the arrival of a Yugoslavian statesman who has just escaped from the Nazis, and a stream of European disciples. Helpless, Sam calls some of his own friends, including a loud-mouthed boxer whose acute girlfriend quickly realizes the situation, and helps corral the crowd out of the newlyweds' bedroom.

Conflicts large and small arise over Tess's priorities and Sam's place in her life, beginning with her decision to have Sam move into her apartment instead of them choosing a place together. Her business continually comes before her personal life, with Sam largely reduced to the role of an aide. Sensing her husband is unhappy, Tess floats the idea of having a child, which Sam is very warm to until Tess reveals that she has already agreed to adopt a young Greek refugee named Chris, who speaks no English. Sam is very upset, but hides his anger from the child. Before the couple can discuss the issue, they are interrupted by the news that Tess has been named "America's Outstanding Woman of the Year".

Tess plans to leave Chris by himself while they go to the award gala, while Sam, already not keen on the gala, states his refusal to leave the boy alone. While Tess is at her gala, Sam returns the child to the orphanage; Chris is thrilled to see his friends again. Tess returns home with a following of photographers and discovers that Sam and Chris are gone. She attempts to reclaim Chris, but he refuses, preferring to stay with his friends. The next day, Tess receives a telegram from her father, telling the couple to come to his home in Connecticut. Sam declines to join, and opines that their marriage has neither been "perfect or a marriage." Tess comes home to learn that her aunt and father are finally to be married that night. The ceremony has all the reverence and grace that was lacking in the Craigs' wedding; Tess is moved to tears. She drives through the night and arrives at Sam's new Riverside apartment.

Allowed in by a super, Tess decides to prepare Sam breakfast while he sleeps in. Having never performed the duties of a housewife, she is clueless in the kitchen, and begins to brew a catastrophe. Sam is awakened by the clatter. As the recipe culminates in culinary disaster, Tess confesses to Sam of her recent wedding experience, and proclaims her newfound inspiration to serve only as his wife. Sam asks Tess to walk back her overbearing dedication, and to assume the role of "Tess Harding Craig" rather than just "Tess Harding" or "Mrs. Sam Craig". She wholeheartedly agrees. Gerald appears with a champagne bottle, announcing that Tess is expected to launch a battleship. Sam takes Gerald outside and returns with the broken bottle, announcing that he has just dispatched his lover's assistant.

Cast

Production

Writing

The outline for the film was developed by Garson Kanin, a close friend of Hepburn's. Hepburn then passed the outline to Joseph L. Mankiewicz at MGM, and said the price was $250,000 – half for her, half for the script.[2] He liked it and agreed to produce the movie.[3] Kanin was fighting in the war at the time, so the script was written by his brother, Michael Kanin, and mutual friend Ring Lardner Jr. Hepburn contributed significantly to the script – reading it, suggesting cuts and word changes, and generally providing helpful enthusiasm for the project.[4] As a part of the deal, Hepburn had the option of selecting her co-star and director (Tracy and Stevens).

Casting

Woman of the Year was the first of nine films Hepburn and Tracy made together. They met for the first time on the shoot. In the 1993 documentary Katharine Hepburn: All About Me, Hepburn herself says she was wearing high heels at the first meeting with Tracy and producer Joseph L. Mankiewicz, and said "I'm afraid I'm a bit tall for you, Mr. Tracy". Mankiewicz then responded, "Don't worry, Kate, he'll cut you down to size." It was during the filming of Woman of the Year that Hepburn and Tracy became romantically involved – a relationship that lasted until Tracy's death in 1967.[5]

Reshoots

The film was originally shot with a different ending, but it proved unpopular at test screenings. The decision was made to change it, and the final fifteen minutes of the film were re-written and shot. In the original ending, Sam went missing after returning the child to the orphanage, while he was supposed to write an article about an upcoming boxing match. Tess decides to take over for him and visits the gym to learn about the fight. Sam, who is in a language school trying to learn French and Spanish to "be important", is shocked when he sees the article. He goes to the fight, where he encounters Tess. She insists that she did the work to be a "good wife," and states her dedication to Sam. He says that he does not want either extreme; he just wants her to be "Tess Harding Craig" (as in the released ending).[6]

Ring Lardner Jr. describes in Archive of America Television oral history interviews (2000) that changes made to the ending of the film were against the wishes of Katharine Hepburn, and were implemented while both screenwriters were on vacation in New York. The changes were instigated by Louis B. Mayer, producer Joseph L. Mankiewicz and director George Stevens, with the actual new ending being written by John Lee Mahin (who was uncredited). In an interview, Lardner indicated that these parties all believed that Tess Harding "had to get her comeuppance for being too strong in a man's world, so they wrote a scene where she tried to fix breakfast ... and gets everything wrong." Lardner and Kanin were given some room to rewrite the new ending on returning from New York, and in the same interview Lardner recalls "some of the worst lines we rewrote, but we couldn't fix it, we couldn't change it fundamentally".[7]

Reception

Alternate theatrical release poster
Alternate theatrical release poster

Box office

The film earned $1,935,000 in the US and Canada and $773,000 elsewhere during its initial release, making MGM a profit of $753,000.[1][8]

Awards and honors

At the 15th Academy Awards, Michael Kanin and Ring Lardner Jr. won the award for Best Original Screenplay, and Katharine Hepburn was nominated for Best Actress.

American Film Institute included the film in the 2000 list AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs (#90)[9] and in 2002, in AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions (#74).[10]

A 1976 remake of the film, made for television and starring Joseph Bologna and Renee Taylor was broadcast on CBS.

In 1981, the movie was adapted into a successful Broadway musical of the same name, starring Lauren Bacall (who won a Tony Award for her work).

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Eddie Mannix Ledger". Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study{{inconsistent citations}} Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: postscript (link).
  2. ^ Hepburn, Katharine (1991). Me: Stories of My Life. New York: Knopf. p. 400. ISBN 0-679-40051-6.
  3. ^ Hepburn (1991), p. 243.
  4. ^ Kanin, Garson (1971). Tracy and Hepburn: An Intimate Memoir. New York: Viking. p. 81. ISBN 0-670-72293-6.
  5. ^ "Film listing". www.afi.com. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  6. ^ "Interview with Ring Lardner, Jr" (PDF). On Writing. The Writers Guild of America, East, Inc. 7. August 1997. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
  7. ^ Archive of American Television - EMMY TVLEGENDS Ring Lardner interview 2000
  8. ^ "101 Pix Gross in Millions" Variety 6 Jan 1943 p 58
  9. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. 2000. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
  10. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF). American Film Institute. 2002. Retrieved August 21, 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 October 2021, at 14:37
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