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Winthrop, Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Town of Winthrop
Lake Annabessacook
Lake Annabessacook
Motto: 
"We Play Outside"[1]
Location in Kennebec County and the state of Maine.
Location in Kennebec County and the state of Maine.
Coordinates: 44°18′42″N 69°58′24″W / 44.31167°N 69.97333°W / 44.31167; -69.97333
CountryUnited States
StateMaine
CountyKennebec
Settled1765
Incorporated1771
VillagesWinthrop
East Winthrop
Sturtevant Hill
Winthrop Center
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • Town ManagerJeffrey Kobrock
 • Governing bodyWinthrop Town Council
Area
 • Total37.90 sq mi (98.16 km2)
 • Land31.22 sq mi (80.86 km2)
 • Water6.68 sq mi (17.30 km2)
Elevation305 ft (93 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total6,121
 • Density196/sq mi (75.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
04364
Area code207
GNIS feature ID582824 [3]
Websitewww.winthropmaine.gov

Winthrop is a town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States. Winthrop is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area. The population was 6,121 at the 2020 census.[4] Winthrop's population, however, approximately doubles during the summer months as part-year residents return to seasonal camps located on the shores of Winthrop's Lakes and Ponds. A recreational area located among lakes, the town includes the villages of Winthrop and East Winthrop, and is the center of the Winthrop Lakes Region. Winthrop is included in the Augusta, Maine Micropolitan New England City and Town Area.

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Transcription

History

Winthrop was part of the Kennebec Purchase awarded by the Plymouth Council for New England. First called Pondtown for its lakes and ponds, it was settled by Timothy Foster in 1765. On April 26, 1771, Pondtown Plantation was incorporated by the Massachusetts General Court as Winthrop,[5] named for the first colonial governor of Massachusetts, John Winthrop.[6] Readfield was set off and incorporated in 1791. The surface of the town is uneven, but with good land that yielded hay, grain and apples. Winthrop became noted for its orchards and cattle.[7]

At the outlet of Maranacook Lake into Annabessacook Lake, John Chandler built a sawmill in 1768, and then added a gristmill. Other industries followed, including a fulling mill, tannery and blacksmith shop. The Winthrop Woolen & Cotton Manufactory was incorporated in 1809, and in 1814 went into operation. By 1886, the town had a sawmill which manufactured about 200,000 feet of lumber every year, two oil cloth factories, a sash and blind factory, and a foundry and machine shop.[8] The Maine Central Railroad opened to the village, carrying freight and tourists. Winthrop and its lakes developed into a summer resort, which it remains today.[9]

Villages and neighborhoods

Winthrop has historically referred to its regions by directional names. Other than Winthrop Village and East Winthrop, their boundaries are not firmly established and tend to vary from person to person. Winthrop has several villages and areas that can be classified as neighborhoods. Some of them are:

  • Winthrop is the main, central area, often called The Village. It encompasses roughly the area around northern Annabessacook Lake to southern Marancook Lake. This is the central, downtown of Winthrop, featuring shops, eateries, businesses, a public beach and library. Just over 43% of Winthrop's population live in Winthrop Village.
  • North Area (Maranacook) loops around Maranacook Lake, and includes the popular Memorial Drive, often referred to as The Drive. The area features excellent public landings, and is heavily developed with many summer homes, year-round residences, and rental cabins.[10]
  • East Winthrop is located just west of Manchester and south of Readfield, borders most of Cobbosseecontee Lake, and all of Little Cobbosseecontee, Upper & Lower Narrows. It has a separate post office and ZIP code (04343) from the rest of Winthrop (04364), although this serves only mail delivered to post office boxes in the East Winthrop Post Office.[11] The area has magnificent views of the Cobbosseecontee bodies of water.[12]
  • South Area (Annabessacook) borders Monmouth and loops around Annabessacook Lake. The area includes popular lakeside tourist attractions, including the 65 acre Augusta West Resort,[13] and the 25 acre historic Annabessacook Farm Bed & Breakfast.[14]
  • West Area (Mt. Pisgah area) encompasses roughly the area from Wilson Pond up to Berry Pond. The southern part of this area is home to Mount Pisgah. This is a popular fishing area, as Wilson Pond abounds with natural populations of warm-water species, especially bass and perch.[15]

Geography

Winthrop is an industrial and suburban center, located approximately 10 miles west of Maine's capital city, Augusta. Nearly 10% of Winthrop's housing is seasonal. The commercial downtown is situated between Maranacook and Annabessacook Lake.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.90 square miles (98.16 km2), of which 31.22 square miles (80.86 km2) is land and 6.68 square miles (17.30 km2) is water.[2] Winthrop is drained by Hoyt Brook.

The town is crossed by U. S. Route 202 and state routes 11, 41, 100, 133 and 135. It is bordered by the towns of Manchester to the east, West Gardiner to the southeast, Monmouth to the south, Leeds and Wayne to the west, and Readfield to the north.

Winthrop is also home to Mt. Pisgah (pronounced piss-gah, from the Hebrew word for summit or lookout), which is 807 ft above sea level and home to the Maine Fire Services watch tower that was in service from 1949 to 1992, when air patrols rendered it obsolete. The tower still stands to this day and is accessible by a hiking trail.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
17901,226
18001,219−0.6%
18101,44418.5%
18201,61912.1%
18301,88816.6%
18401,9151.4%
18502,15412.5%
18602,3388.5%
18702,229−4.7%
18802,146−3.7%
18902,111−1.6%
19002,088−1.1%
19102,1141.2%
19201,902−10.0%
19302,33422.7%
19402,5087.5%
19503,02620.7%
19603,53716.9%
19704,33522.6%
19805,88935.8%
19905,9681.3%
20006,2324.4%
20106,092−2.2%
20206,1210.5%
Source:US Census[16]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $58,066, and the median income for a family was $64,637. Males had a median income of $35,262 versus $27,130 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,755. 9.2% of the population and 5.0% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.8% of those under the age of 18 and 17.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Winthrop has historically been known as a fast-growing suburban town, and saw its population triple during the 20th century. Its growth rate has slowed in recent years, and saw a decline in the 2010 census for the first time in almost a century. Winthrop has always been the largest in population municipality in Kennebec County that was classified as a town and not a city.[17] Oakland surpassed Winthrop's population in the 2010 census.[18]

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,092 people, 2,598 households, and 1,740 families residing in the town.[19] The population density was 195.3 inhabitants per square mile (75.4/km2). There were 3,295 housing units at an average density of 105.6 per square mile (40.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,598 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.3% under the age of 20, 9% from 20 to 29, 17.1% from 30 to 44, 34.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. The female population was 51.6% and male population 48.4%.

Education

Winthrop Public Schools is an independent school district serving approximately 840 students in grades Pre-K–12. Winthrop's schools are governed by the Winthrop School Committee. The five-member group consists of elected representatives from Winthrop. The members serve two-year terms and conduct monthly meetings that are open to the public. Winthrop operates three schools:

  • Winthrop Grade School (Pre-K–5) 395 students
  • Winthrop Middle School (6–8) 205 students
  • Winthrop High School (9–12) 242 students

Winthrop is also home to the Monmouth/Winthrop Adult Education.

Government

Local government

Winthrop uses the Council-Manager form of government, in which the Town Council is the primary governing authority. The Winthrop Town Council consists of seven elected members. The Town Council appoints and confirms both the Town Manager, and the Town Attorney. The Town Manager, in turn, appoints the Finance Director, and Clerk. In addition to these positions, Winthrop has several departments used to provide the services necessary to the town.

The framework for the town government is defined in the Municipal charter.

Political makeup

Winthrop is known as being politically moderate, and consistently votes for both liberals and conservatives for local, state, and national offices. In the 2008 Presidential election, Barack Obama received 2,006 of the town's votes to John McCain's 1,569,[20] and in the 2004 Presidential election, John Kerry received 50% of the town's votes to George W. Bush's 47.4%, compared to 53% for Kerry and 45% for Bush statewide. In 2009 the town voted in favor of a statewide referendum to overturn a state law allowing same-sex marriage in Maine by a vote of 2,349 to 1,277,[21] but voted in 2012 on a referendum to allow same-sex marriage 53% to 47%.[22] The town has more Independent voters than it does Democrats or Republicans:

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of June 2014[23]
Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 1445 30.1%
Independent 1695 35.3%
Republican 1464 30.5%
Green Independent 197 4.1%
Total 4,801 100%

Sites of interest

Winthrop Lakes Region

View of Islands, Lake Cobbosseecontee

Winthrop is at the center of the Winthrop Lakes Region, which is situated between Lewiston and Augusta, Maine, and centered around six major bodies of water: Androscoggin Lake, Annabessacook Lake, Cobbosseecontee Lake, Echo Lake, Maranacook Lake and Parker Pond, in addition to numerous smaller bodies of water. Besides Winthrop, the region includes the towns of Fayette, Readfield, and Mount Vernon to the north, Manchester to the east, Monmouth to the south, and Wayne to the west.[25] The northern part of Mount Vernon is considered to be part of the Belgrade Lakes Region.[26] The region is a popular recreation area in central Maine, with over three dozen Lakes and ponds offering a variety of boating, hiking, cycling, camping and fishing opportunities. The area is also home to numerous shoreline events, concerts and festivals.[27][28][29][30][31]

The Winthrop Lakes Region includes the following bodies of water:

Name Area
(acres)
Volume
(acre-feet)
Adjoining towns
Cobbosseecontee Lake* 5,543 127,371 Litchfield, Manchester, Monmouth, West Gardiner, Winthrop
Androscoggin Lake 4,020 56,736 Leeds, Wayne
Maranacook Lake 1,844 48,020 Readfield, Winthrop
Parker Pond 1,524 41,636 Fayette, Vienna
Annabessacook Lake 1,415 23,892 Monmouth, Winthrop
Echo Lake (Crotched Pond) 1,109 23,134 Fayette, Mount Vernon, Readfield
Torsey (Greeley) Lake 679 7,078 Mount Vernon, Readfield
Pocasset Lake 605 7,225 Wayne
Wilson Pond 588 9,510 Monmouth, Wayne, Winthrop
Woodbury (Purgatory) Pond (Tacoma Lakes) 513 7,296 Litchfield, Monmouth
Cochnewagon Pond 394 7,208 Monmouth
Lovejoy Pond 379 4,365 Fayette, Readfield, Wayne
David Pond 302 2,852 Chesterville, Fayette
Sand Pond (Tacoma Lakes) 279 6,798 Litchfield, Monmouth
Upper Narrows Pond 239 4,951 Winthrop
Lower Narrows Pond 223 5,842 Winthrop
Carlton Pond 223 5,270 Readfield, Winthrop
Berry Pond 175 1,493 Wayne, Winthrop
Pickerel Pond 128 1,459 Wayne
Tilton Pond 116 1,586 Fayette
Dexter Pond 113 995 Wayne, Winthrop
Apple Valley Lake 101 238 Winthrop
Little Cobbosseecontee 91 894 Winthrop
Hales Pond 76 929 Fayette
Taylor (Mill) Pond 75   Mount Vernon
Mosher (Lane's) Pond 70 945 Fayette
Shed Pond 51 219 Manchester, Readfield
Echo Lake Outlet Pond 51   Fayette
Silver Lake (Figure Eight Pond) 34 495 Manchester, Sidney
Basin Pond 33 1,355 Fayette
Bog Pond 26 246 Readfield
Tyler Pond 25 451 Manchester
Burgess Pond 24 226 Fayette
Desert Pond 22 363 Mount Vernon
Kezar Pond 20 250 Winthrop
Mud Pond 18 170 Monmouth
Mill Pond 18   Readfield
Cranberry Pond 17 170 Fayette
Fairbanks Pond 16 122 Manchester
Brainard Pond 15   Readfield
Muddy Pond 11   Wayne

*Cobbosseecontee Lake (known locally as Cobbossee) is nationally recognized as one of the top bass-fishing lakes in America due to its impressive largemouth population.[32] Cobbossee also has the only active inland waters lighthouse in Maine, Ladies Delight Light.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "With signs, planking, Winthrop students promote new 'We Play Outside' initiative". Kennebec Journal. June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Winthrop, Maine
  4. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Winthrop town, Kennebec County, Maine". Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  5. ^ "Winthrop, Maine". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  6. ^ "Profile for Winthrop Maine, ME". ePodunk. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  7. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 363–364. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  8. ^ Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Winthrop, Boston: Russell
  9. ^ "Historical Sketch of Winthrop, Maine (1889)". Retrieved October 1, 2023.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "United States Postal Service East Winthrop".
  12. ^ "Explore Maine by Bike: Tour 21 - Capital Area".
  13. ^ "Camping, RV Campgrounds: Winthrop, ME".
  14. ^ "Annabessacook Farm in Maine | Farm Stay U.S." www.farmstayus.com. Archived from the original on August 19, 2010.
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ Winthrop, Maine [dead link]
  17. ^ "04364 Zip Code (Winthrop, Maine) Profile - homes, apartments, schools, population, income, averages, housing, demographics, location, statistics, sex offenders, residents and real estate info".
  18. ^ http://www.searchdictionaries.com/?q=Oakland+%28town%29
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ "2008 presidential election results by town for Maine - Boston.com". Archived from the original on January 25, 2009.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Maine elections. Winthrop [dead link]
  23. ^ "Registered voters in Maine by town and party". Portland Press Herald. November 2013.
  24. ^ "At Winthrop library, the future is now | The Kennebec Journal, Augusta, ME". www.kjonline.com. Archived from the original on August 3, 2010.
  25. ^ "Local communities in the Winthrop Lakes area | Winthrop Lakes Area Chamber of Commerce". www.winthropchamber.org.
  26. ^ "Belgrade Lakes - Visit Maine".
  27. ^ "Monmouth & Winthrop - Visit Maine".
  28. ^ "Gardiner, Winthrop, other communities start holiday season with festivities". December 6, 2015.
  29. ^ "Winthrop Summer Festival set for Saturday". August 13, 2015.
  30. ^ "Winthrop announces summer concert series line-up". June 17, 2013.
  31. ^ "Call for artists for 26th annual Winthrop Sidewalk Art Festival — Bangor Daily News — BDN Maine". bangordailynews.com. Archived from the original on May 21, 2016.
  32. ^ "Three Maine lakes ranked nationally for bass fishing". May 3, 2013.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 June 2024, at 18:29
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