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Winona, Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Winona, Mississippi
Nickname(s): 
Art and Soul of Mississippi
Location in Montgomery County and the state of Mississippi
Location in Montgomery County and the state of Mississippi
Winona, Mississippi is located in the United States
Winona, Mississippi
Winona, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°29′20″N 89°43′53″W / 33.48889°N 89.73139°W / 33.48889; -89.73139
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyMontgomery
Government
 • MayorJerry Flowers (Republican)[1]
Area
 • Total13.55 sq mi (35.09 km2)
 • Land13.52 sq mi (35.01 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
381 ft (116 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,043
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,964
 • Density293.28/sq mi (113.24/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
38967
Area code(s)662
FIPS code28-80760
GNIS feature ID0679787
Websitewinonams.us
The now-abandoned depot in Winona was a stop for the City of New Orleans until 1995[4]
The now-abandoned depot in Winona was a stop for the City of New Orleans until 1995[4]

Winona is a city in Montgomery County, Mississippi. The population was 5,043 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Montgomery County.[5] Winona is known in the local area as "The Crossroads of North Mississippi"; the intersection of U.S. Interstate 55 and U.S. Highways 51 and 82 was constructed here.

History

Middleton

Middleton, Mississippi was a town that developed in the 19th century two miles west of Winona's site. Some locals consider it the predecessor to Winona. After the railroad was built to the east of Middleton, development shifted to what became Winona, bypassing Middleton.

Winona

The first European-American settler in the area, which was originally part of Carroll County, was Colonel O.J. Moore, who arrived from Virginia in 1848. He agreed to the railroad being constructed through his property, and a station was built in 1860 near his plantation home.

As a result of the railroad line and station being built here rather than Middleton, Winona was founded and began to grow. The railroad attracted business, which developed around the station as Moore sold off some property. Winona was incorporated as a town on May 2, 1861. Settlers were attracted because of the railroad access, and Winona became a busy trading town.

Captain William Witty, an early settler from North Carolina, was for years a leading Winona merchant and established the first bank in the county. Other names of early settlers were: Curtis, Burton, Palmer, Spivey, Townsend, Hart, Turner and Campbell. The early businesses were mainly grocery stores.

In 1871, the Reconstruction-era state legislature organized Montgomery County from portions of Carroll and other counties, and Winona was designated as its county seat. A yellow fever epidemic struck the area in 1878, and resulted in the deaths of many residents. Some people left the town in an effort to outrun the epidemic, which spread with river passengers throughout the waterways of the Mississippi Delta and nearby counties.

In April 1888, a great fire destroyed almost the entire business section of the town. Forty of the 50 businesses burned. In 1890 the state passed a new constitution that effectively disenfranchised most blacks, excluding them from the political system. In addition, Jim Crow laws were passed imposing second-class status on them, a condition enforced by whites for decades.

20th century to present

Following their service in World War II, many African Americans began to press to regain their constitutional rights. Activism increased in the South into the 1950s and 1960s.

Many whites in Winona and elsewhere in Mississippi opposed such changes. In 1963, Fannie Lou Hamer and other state activists stopped to eat in Winona on their way to a literacy workshop in Charleston, South Carolina. On June 9, 1963, Hamer and the other activists stopped again in Winona on their return. The group was arrested on a false charge and jailed by white policemen. Once in jail, Hamer and her colleagues were, per orders of local law officers, beaten savagely by inmates of the Montgomery County jail, almost to the point of death.[6]

While touring the country in this period, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), made a stop in Winona. He was ambushed by local barber Ryan Lynch, an outspoken white supremacist. King was saved by his assigned bodyguard, a local police officer named Garrit Howard.[7]

Tardy Furniture murders

In 1996, the owner of the Tardy Furniture store in Winona, Bertha Tardy, and three employees of the store were found fatally shot.[8] Curtis Flowers was arrested in January 1997 and charged with four counts of capital murder. His conviction was overturned on appeal, and he has been tried six times in the case, with additional convictions being overturned because of prosecutorial misconduct and racial bias.[9] In December 2019, after the Supreme Court overturned his conviction and death sentence, Flowers was released on bail while awaiting trial, for the first time since his arrest in 1997.[10] The prosecutor in all six trials has recused himself, and the case has been referred to the Mississippi Attorney General to determine if another prosecution will be undertaken.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.1 square miles (34 km2), of which 13.1 square miles (34 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.31%) is water.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High 79 °F (26 °C) 84 °F (29 °C) 87 °F (31 °C) 92 °F (33 °C) 96 °F (36 °C) 101 °F (38 °C) 104 °F (40 °C) 103 °F (39 °C) 104 °F (40 °C) 97 °F (36 °C) 87 °F (31 °C) 82 °F (28 °C)
Norm High 51 °F (11 °C) 57 °F (14 °C) 65 °F (18 °C) 72 °F (22 °C) 79 °F (26 °C) 85 °F (29 °C) 89 °F (32 °C) 88 °F (31 °C) 83 °F (28 °C) 74 °F (23 °C) 64 °F (18 °C) 55 °F (13 °C)
Norm Low 28 °F (−2 °C) 31 °F (−1 °C) 38 °F (3 °C) 45 °F (7 °C) 55 °F (13 °C) 63 °F (17 °C) 67 °F (19 °C) 65 °F (18 °C) 59 °F (15 °C) 45 °F (7 °C) 37 °F (3 °C) 31 °F (−1 °C)
Rec Low −9 °F (−23 °C) 0 °F (−18 °C) 9 °F (−13 °C) 24 °F (−4 °C) 35 °F (2 °C) 40 °F (4 °C) 49 °F (9 °C) 50 °F (10 °C) 34 °F (1 °C) 26 °F (−3 °C) 12 °F (−11 °C) −2 °F (−19 °C)
Precip 5.41 in (13.7 cm) 4.65 in (11.8 cm) 6.36 in (16.2 cm) 5.52 in (14.0 cm) 5.05 in (12.8 cm) 4.27 in (10.8 cm) 4.48 in (11.4 cm) 3.16 in (8.0 cm) 3.62 in (9.2 cm) 3.32 in (8.4 cm) 5.07 in (12.9 cm) 6.13 in (15.6 cm)
Source: weather.com[11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,204
18901,64836.9%
19002,45549.0%
19102,5122.3%
19202,5722.4%
19302,6071.4%
19402,532−2.9%
19503,44135.9%
19604,28224.4%
19705,52128.9%
19806,17711.9%
19905,705−7.6%
20005,482−3.9%
20105,043−8.0%
2019 (est.)3,964[3]−21.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,043 people living in the city. 52.8% were Black or African American, 45.8% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% of some other race and 0.4% of two or more races. 0.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 5,482 people, 2,098 households, and 1,456 families living in the city. The population density was 420.0 inhabitants per square mile (162.2/km2). There were 2,344 housing units at an average density of 179.6 per square mile (69.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.10% White, 50.73% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 2,098 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 24.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,160, and the median income for a family was $31,619. Males had a median income of $30,163 versus $17,549 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,700. About 24.5% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Winona has recently received water and power across I-55. This increase in infrastructure has stimulated the development of more businesses, such as Pilot. Due to the late development of water and power across I-55, Winona has until now been hindered in its ability to grow.[citation needed]

In May 2005, the economy of Winona got a slight boost with the arrival of Pilot Travel Centers. The company, a large truckstop/travelcenter chain, purchased the High Point truck and travel center, previously owned by NFL player Kent Hull, for a reported $4.6 million. After a lengthy renovation, the plaza opened completely in August 2005, just a few days before Hurricane Katrina hit land.[citation needed]

Education

Public schools

Private schools

  • Winona Christian School

Media

Newspapers

  • The Winona Times

https://www.winonatimes.com/

Radio stations

Frequency Callsign Format Owner
95.1 WONA-FM Country Sharon P. Kent and Susan P. Benning

Notable people

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Winona, Mississippi (WNA)". Trainweb. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Chana Kai Lee. For Freedom’s Sake: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000. pp. 45-60
  7. ^ "Winona Accommodation - Winona Hotels, Apartments, Motels, Holiday Parks". Hotelsaccomodation.com.au. Archived from the original on 21 November 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  8. ^ https://www.apmreports.org/story/2018/05/01/tardy-furniture-murders-what-happened
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ "Curtis Flowers releases on bail". apmreports.com. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-09-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ "Christian Faser, Jr. (1917-2004)". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. January 18, 2004.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 April 2021, at 02:31
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