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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Willis Sweet
WillisSweet.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's at-large district
In office
October 1, 1890 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byFred Dubois
(as territorial delegate)
Succeeded byEdgar Wilson
Personal details
Born(1856-01-01)January 1, 1856
Alburgh, Vermont, U.S.
DiedJuly 9, 1925(1925-07-09) (aged 69)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Resting placePuerto Rico
Political partyRepublican
ProfessionAttorney

Willis Sweet (January 1, 1856 – July 9, 1925) was the first United States Representative elected from Idaho following statehood in 1890. Sweet served as a Republican in the House from 1890 to 1895, representing the state at-large. He vigorously demanded "Free Silver" or the unrestricted coinage of silver into legal tender, in order to pour money into the large silver mining industry in the Mountain West, but he was defeated by supporters of the gold standard.

Early years

Born in Alburgh, Vermont on New Year's Day 1856, Sweet attended public schools and the University of Nebraska in Lincoln, and was a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. He learned the printer's trade in Lincoln and relocated west to Moscow in the Idaho Territory in 1881. Sweet was the first editor of the Moscow Mirror in 1882,[1] studied law and became an attorney, judge, and supreme court justice in the territory. Also a territorial legislator, he was instrumental in bringing the University of Idaho to Moscow,[2] and was the first president of its board of regents.[3]

Career

Sweet was a candidate for the U.S. Senate in 1896, but was defeated in the Idaho Legislature by Populist Henry Heitfeld. He was an attorney in northern Idaho in Coeur d'Alene until his appointment as the attorney general of Puerto Rico in 1903.[4] Sweet served until 1905 and then worked as a newspaper editor in San Juan from 1913 until his death in 1925.[3][5]

While in Congress from 1890 to 1895, Sweet was a leading advocate of the free and unlimited coinage of silver, which would pour large sums of money into Idaho. He closely followed Charles Parnell, the Irish agitator in the British Parliament, who managed to force consideration of his proposals by blocking the legislative process there. Sweet tried to block everything until he got his Free Silver, but he was blocked by Speaker Thomas Reed. When William McKinley was nominated for president in 1896 on a gold standard platform, Sweet supported silver advocate William Jennings Bryan, who was running on the Democratic, Populist, and Silver Republican party labels.

Residence Hall in his honor

A residence hall at the University of Idaho is named for Sweet.[6] Opened in 1936, the building is now Carol Ryrie Brink Hall, a faculty office building.[7] The Willis Sweet residence hall was relocated to the new Theophilus Tower in 1969,[8][9] and later to the former McConnell Hall, on the northeast corner of Sixth and Rayburn streets.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Rival papers at Moscow merged". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). November 1, 1939. p. 12.
  2. ^ Petersen, Keith (June 18, 1988). "Genesee legislator wrote bill creating the university". Idahonian. (Moscow). p. 3C.
  3. ^ a b "Willis Sweet and the founding of the university". University of Idaho Library. January 2001. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  4. ^ "Idaho man given important appointment". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). May 7, 1903. p. 1.
  5. ^ Dubois, Fred T. (August 6, 1925). "Sweet greatest orator of Idaho". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). p. 10.
  6. ^ "New residence hall honors Willis Sweet". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. July 30, 1936. p. 10.
  7. ^ "Brink and Phinney Halls". University of Idaho. (Campus Photograph Collection). 1936. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  8. ^ "Theophilus Tower". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. (1970-71, 2 yrs). 1971. p. 261.
  9. ^ "Theophilus Tower". University of Idaho. (Campus Photograph Collection). 1967. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  10. ^ "McConnell Hall". University of Idaho. (Campus Photograph Collection). 1957. Retrieved August 4, 2018.

Further reading

  • Johnson, Claudius O. "The Story of Silver Politics in Idaho, 1892-1902." Pacific Northwest Quarterly (1942): 283-296. Online

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Fred Dubois
(territorial delegate)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Idaho's at-large congressional district

1890 – 1895
Succeeded by
Edgar Wilson
This page was last edited on 6 June 2020, at 15:16
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