To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

William le Gros, Earl of York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William le Gros, William le Gras, William d'Aumale, William Crassus (died 20 August 1179) was Earl of York and Lord of Holderness in the English peerage and the Count of Aumale in France. He was the eldest son of Stephen, Count of Aumale, and his spouse, Hawise, daughter of Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore.

William witnessed two charters of King Stephen in 1136, in which he is recorded as Willelmus de Albamarla, but is not placed among the earls. He distinguished himself at the Battle of the Standard in 1138, and was made Earl of York (apart from Richmondshire) as his reward. He was with Stephen in his defeat at Lincoln on 2 February 1141.[1] His Scarborough Castle was forfeited to King Henry II as a result of unauthorised construction during the Anarchy.

He founded the town of Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire. He also founded the Abbey of Meaux in 1150.[1] He was intombed within the Abbey of Thornton, Lincolnshire, which he had founded in 1139.

William married Cicely, Lady of Skipton, the daughter and co-heir of William Fitz-Duncan by his spouse Alice, Lady of Skipton, daughter of William Meschin, Lord of Copeland. As "lady of Harewood" she brought him vast estates.[1] Dying without male issue, he left a daughter and heiress, Hawise (died 11 March 1214), who succeeded her father in the County of Aumale and Lordship of Holderness.

Hawise married three times, firstly, on 14 January 1180, William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex. He died without issue 14 January 1189. She married secondly after 3 July 1190, the crusader William de Forz (died 1195), by whom she had her heir and successor. Thirdly, Richard I gave her in marriage to Baldwin of Bethune. All three husbands gained from her the title of Count of Aumale.


  1. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911, p. 492.


  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Albemarle, Earls and Dukes of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 492–493.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Cokayne, G. E., The Complete Peerage, 1904, volume 1, p. 353.
  • Dalton, Paul. "William Earl of York and royal authority in Yorkshire in the reign of Stephen." Haskins Society Journal 2 (1990): 155-65.
  • Dalton, Paul. "William le Gros, Count of Aumale and Earl of York." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004) Available at: (Accessed 21 November 2018).

External links

This page was last edited on 26 September 2020, at 01:27
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.