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William Lockhart Garwood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William Lockhart Garwood
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
In office
January 23, 1997 – July 14, 2011
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
In office
October 26, 1981 – January 23, 1997
Appointed by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Seat established by 92 Stat. 1629
Succeeded by Priscilla Owen
Personal details
Born William Lockhart Garwood
(1931-10-29)October 29, 1931
Houston, Texas
Died July 14, 2011(2011-07-14) (aged 79)
Austin, Texas
Education Princeton University (B.A.)
University of Texas School of Law (LL.B.)

William Lockhart Garwood (October 29, 1931 – July 14, 2011) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • The Untold Truth Of American Pickers


The cast of American Pickers is known for finding treasures inside mountains of garbage. And just like the Pickers themselves, we've scrounged through the lives of Mike Wolfe, Frank Fritz, and Danielle Colby, as well as some of their more notable guests. Sit back and enjoy some behind-the-scenes facts from American Pickers. You won’t even have to get your hands dirty. They have humble beginnings The art of finding a valuable item in a pile of junk isn't something that can be learned overnight. It takes years of practice to hone those trashy skills, and Mike Wolfe definitely has plenty of practice. His passion for junk started during his childhood, after he sold a bike he found for $5. From there, he began lurking in alleyways and derelict houses hoping to find anything worth a couple of bucks. He also made a habit of harassing farmers until they let him look through their barns for old bicycles, which he bought for $50 and sold for up to $5,000. Quite the racket. Frank, on the other hand, was a building inspector before he signed on with longtime friend Mike. So, while his interest was casual, it hit hard once the show started to film. Mike is an author There's always the danger that some more curious vocations will become a lost art. Well, Mike Wolfe has already taken action to make sure that doesn't happen to picking. First, Wolfe penned Kid Pickers: How to Turn Junk into Treasure, a children's tome on how to do what he does. He also started a website with the same name, providing little pickers with a social media outlet and community to keep them all connected. Looks like Wolfe's got a little junk army forming. Mike doesn’t want to be a star Despite all the fame Wolfe and company have gained since American Pickers captured American hearts, he doesn't think they deserve it. According to Wolfe, the real stars are the eclectic characters, like Hippie Tom, Hobo Jack, and Prince Mongo, who allow the pickers to root through their belongings in search of gold. Wolfe goes on to say that viewers remember the people, not what was bought from them. Wolfe remarked in an interview with, "it's always been an honor that people open their homes and their hearts to us." Quite the honor. Mike doesn’t seem to have too many skeletons in his closet. Well, except for this one: "Hahahahaha!" Frank, on the other hand... Frank Fritz was taken to court One of the criticisms of American Pickers is that they basically rip people off by buying things cheap so they can sell them for a huge profit. It other words, capitalism. It didn't help when Frank Fritz was sued for allegedly swindling a South Carolina man named Jerry Bruce. The collector needed a polarimeter for a museum he wanted to open, he offered to buy one from the Pickers, since he saw them purchase one on their show. Fritz offered to sell it to him for $300, but after Bruce sent his check, he never got his purchase, nor was the check cashed. Bruce took Fritz to court, and Fritz wound up losing the case by simply not showing up. Ultimately, Bruce was awarded $1000 for an investment of zero dollars, which is a deal even the Pickers would be envious of. Danielle wears more than one hat Ever the entrepreneur, American Pickers’ Danielle Colby doesn't limit herself to picking through junk. Before she gained fame on the History Channel hit series, she earned a living by working as a burlesque dancer, which she continues to do. But she doesn't just dance. Her devotion to this art form is such that she's also produced a documentary focusing on Tempest Storm, a legendary dancer with a career that spans decades. For a time, Danielle also owned a little boutique of her own, 4 Miles 2 Memphis, which was located not far from American Pickers headquarters, and is also a former roller derby competitor. Danielle may also be a tax dodger Perhaps because she has her hands in so many vocations, Colby's had a habit of forgetting to give Uncle Sam his cut of the action. Back in 2013, the IRS informed Colby that she owed just under $6,000 in unpaid taxes from her boutique. And that was just her first notice. Over the next couple of years, she received at least four more warnings. By 2015, she reportedly hadn't paid any of the money she owed, which continued to snowball, even though she clearly understands business. Let's hope her other business ventures are squared away. Hobo Jack is an author too World renowned hobo and American Pickers regular "Hobo Jack" Sophir isn't any ordinary hobo. He's published three books, including the classic Amazing Adventures of the Tramp Prince. In addition to his literary ambitions, Backwoods Jack, as he's also known, fancies himself a musician. Playing guitar and piano by ear, Jack has released five albums. According to his website, since he handles the orders himself, it could take "weeks or months" for orders to be fulfilled. Get your copies now! Prince Mongo has political aspirations Though he only appeared on the show once, Robert "Prince Mongo" Hodges is quite unforgettable, as the residents of his hometown know all too well: "I've come to Earth, to save the Earthlings." When we met the Memphis resident, he dwelled within a crumbling castle that he called Ashlar Hall. As the King of Zambodia, he gave away his castle in 2014 to businessman Kenny Medlin. The only problem was that he’d kinda already given it to someone else first, resulting in a complicated legal situation. He's also run for mayor numerous times since 1991: "May the good spirits be with you! All the way!" People have tried to cash in on "Mole Man" Ron's fame "Mole Man" Ron appeared in one episode of American Pickers' first season, during which the guys crawled through his insane burrow hoping to find some goodies. The purple-hooded Marty Feldman lookalike gained enough fame that someone else attempted to cash in on it. In June of 2011, an ad was posted on Yard Sales Pittsburgh promoting a sale featuring items from the Mole Man's burrow. Mole Man himself wasn't listed as an attendee, but the ad did mention he'd be stopping by from time to time. It's very possible that almost everyone who went to this sale "just missed him." Thanks for watching! Subscribe to our YouTube channel to watch more videos like the one you just saw. And leave us a comment to let us know which dark secrets you think the American Pickers are hiding...


Education and career

Born in Houston, Texas, to Wilmer St. John Garwood (1896 – 1987) and Ellen Burdine Clayton (1903 – 1993), Garwood was named after his maternal grandfather, William Lockhart Clayton, a Houston cotton merchant and, as undersecretary of state for economic affairs, a principal architect of the post-World War II Marshall Plan.

Garwood received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Princeton University in 1952 and a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Texas School of Law in 1955. Upon graduating first in his law school class, he clerked on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit for John Robert Brown, a judge whom he would later count as a colleague on that same court. He served for three years as a JAG officer in the United States Army and then returned to Austin, Texas, where he entered private practice with the firm of Graves, Dougherty, Hearon, Moody & Garwood.[1]

State judicial service

On November 15, 1979, Garwood was appointed to the Supreme Court of Texas by Governor Bill Clements and became the first Republican to serve on that court since the end of Reconstruction. Notably, his father had served for a decade on the Texas high court, from January 14, 1948 to December 31, 1958, and is still regarded as one of Texas's finest jurists.[citation needed] The younger Garwood's tenure was shorter-lived however, ending on December 31, 1980.[1] As he was fond of joking, "I was returned to private practice one-year later by popular mandate".[citation needed]

Federal judicial service

On September 17, 1981, President Ronald Reagan nominated Garwood to a new seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit created by 92 Stat. 1629 (President Jimmy Carter previously had nominated Andrew L. Jefferson, Jr. to the seat, but the United States Senate had declined to act on Jefferson's nomination before Carter's presidency ended). Garwood was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 21, 1981 and received his commission on October 26, 1981. He assumed senior status on January 23, 1997, but maintained a nearly-full workload on the court until his death.[1]

Notable opinions

In United States v. Lopez, 2 F.3d 1342 (5th Cir. 1993), Judge Garwood, writing for a unanimous panel, invalidated the Gun-Free School Zone Act as an unconstitutional exercise of the Commerce Clause power. When Lopez was affirmed by the United States Supreme Court, it became the first Court decision in nearly six decades to place limits on Congressional power under the Commerce Clause and was one of the first shots fired in the Rehnquist Court's Federalist Revival.

In United States v. Emerson, 270 F.3d 203 (5th Cir. 2001), Judge Garwood wrote the first federal appellate decision embracing the individual-rights view of the Second Amendment.


Garwood died in Austin on July 14, 2011 of a heart attack at age 79.[2]


  1. ^ a b c "Garwood, William Lockhart - Federal Judicial Center".
  2. ^ Ricardo Gándara (July 16, 2011). "Senior 5th Circuit U.S. judge of Austin remembered for brilliant legal mind". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved July 16, 2011.

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 92 Stat. 1629
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
Succeeded by
Priscilla Owen
This page was last edited on 9 September 2018, at 02:06
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