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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


William Juxon

Archbishop of Canterbury
William Juxon from NPG.jpg
ChurchChurch of England
ProvinceProvince of Canterbury
DioceseDiocese of Canterbury
Elected13 September 1660 (elected);
20 September 1660 (election confirmed), Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey
Installed25 September 1660
Term ended4 June 1663 (death)
PredecessorWilliam Laud
SuccessorGilbert Sheldon
Other post(s)
Personal details
Born1582
Chichester, Sussex, England
Died(1663-06-04)4 June 1663 (aged approximately 81)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried9 July 1663, Chapel of St John's College, Oxford
NationalityEnglish
DenominationAnglican
ParentsRichard Juxon
Occupationalso a minister of the Crown
ProfessionLawyer; academic
EducationMerchant Taylors' School
Alma materSt John's College, Oxford
Ordination history of
William Juxon
History
Diaconal ordination
DateSeptember 1606
Priestly ordination
DateSeptember 1607
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorWilliam Laud (Cantuar)
Co-consecrators
Date27 October 1633
Source(s):[1]

William Juxon (1582 – 4 June 1663) was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1646 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death.[2]

Life

Education

Juxon was the son of Richard Juxon and was born probably in Chichester, and educated at the local grammar school, The Prebendal School. He then went on to Merchant Taylors' School, London, and St John's College, Oxford, where he was elected to a scholarship in 1598.

Ecclesiastical offices

Juxon studied law at Oxford, but afterwards took holy orders, and in 1609 became vicar of St Giles' Church, Oxford, where he stayed until he became rector of Somerton, Oxfordshire in 1615. In December 1621, he succeeded his friend, William Laud, as President (i.e. head) of St John's College, and in 1626 and 1627 he was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford. Juxon soon obtained other important positions, including that in 1632 of Clerk of the Closet to King Charles I.

In 1627, he was made Dean of Worcester and in 1632 he was nominated to the See of Hereford and resigned the presidency of St John's in January 1633. Though he legally became Bishop of Hereford by the confirmation of his election in late July 1633,[3] he never took up duties at Hereford, as in October 1633 he was consecrated Bishop of London in succession to Laud.

Secular offices

In March 1636 Charles I entrusted Juxon with important secular duties by making him Lord High Treasurer of England as well as First Lord of the Admiralty; for the next five years he had to deal with many financial and other difficulties. He resigned the treasurership in May 1641. During the Civil War, the bishop, against whom no charges were brought in parliament, lived undisturbed at Fulham Palace. His advice was often sought by the king, who had a very high opinion of him. The king selected Juxon to be with him on the scaffold and to offer him the last rites before his execution.

Retirement and archbishopric

Juxon was deprived of the See of London by Parliament on 9 October 1646, and episcopacy was abolished for the duration of the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.[4][5] He retired to Little Compton in Gloucestershire (it is now in Warwickshire), where he had bought an estate, and became famous as the owner of a pack of hounds. At the restoration of Charles II, letters missive were issued (on 2 September 1660) naming Juxon (restored Bishop of London) Archbishop of Canterbury.

The congé d'élire was issued the next day and the chapter of Canterbury duly elected him on 13 September. The king's assent to the election was given on 15 September and the confirmation of Juxon's election (the legal ceremony by which he took office) was held in the Henry VII Chapel of Westminster Abbey on 20 September 1660.[a][6] He received the temporalities on 22 September and was enthroned at Canterbury on 25 September.[7] Juxon, as Archbishop of Canterbury, then took part in the new king's coronation, but his health soon began to fail and he died at Lambeth in 1663. By his will the archbishop was a benefactor to St John's College, where he was buried; he also aided the work of restoring St Paul's Cathedral and rebuilt the great hall at Lambeth Palace.

Memorials

Juxon House, which stands north-west of St Paul's Cathedral at the top of Ludgate Hill in London and forms part of the Paternoster Square development, is named after him. Juxon Street on land at Walton Manor formerly owned by St John's College in the inner-city suburb of Jericho, Oxford, is also named after him [8] as is another Juxon Street at Lambeth Walk, close to Juxon's former residence at Lambeth Palace.

Notes

  1. ^ Perceval, A. P. "An Apology for the Doctrine of Apostolical Succession: with an Appendix on the English Orders". p. 204.
  2. ^ Mason, Thomas (1985). Serving God and Mammon: William Juxon, 1582–1663. ISBN 978-0-87413-251-9.
  3. ^ "Juxon, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15179. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Plant, David (2002). "Episcopalians". BCW Project. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  5. ^ King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642-1649". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 83 (328): 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR 564164.
  6. ^ Lambeth Palace Library Research Guide – Places of Confirmation of Election of Archbishops of Canterbury (Accessed 31 July 2013)
  7. ^ Horn, Joyce M. (1974), Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, 3, pp. 8–12
  8. ^ "Juxon Street". jerichocentre.org.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2018.

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by First Lord of the Admiralty
1636–1638
Succeeded byas Lord High Admiral
In commission
William Laud
First Lord of the Treasury
Lord High Treasurer
1636–1641
In commission
Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Hereford
1633
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of London
1633–1646 & 1660
Vacant
Title next held by
Gilbert Sheldon
Vacant
Title last held by
William Laud
Archbishop of Canterbury
1660–1663
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by President of St John's College, Oxford
1621–1633
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 31 December 2021, at 19:35
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