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William H. Hatch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William Henry Hatch
William H Hatch.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri
In office
March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byJohn M. Glover
Succeeded byCharles N. Clark
Constituency12th district (1879–1883)
1st district (1883–1895)
Personal details
Born(1833-09-11)September 11, 1833
Georgetown, Kentucky, U.S.
DiedDecember 23, 1896(1896-12-23) (aged 63)
Hannibal, Missouri, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Jennie L. Smith
Thetis Clay Hawkins

William Henry Hatch (September 11, 1833 – December 23, 1896) was a U.S. Representative from Missouri. He was the namesake of the Hatch Act of 1887, which established state agricultural experiment stations for the land-grant colleges. Hatch is also the namesake of Hatch Hall, a Residence Hall at the University of Missouri.

Early life

William Henry Hatch was born on September 11, 1833[1][2] near Georgetown, Kentucky.[3] Hatch attended the schools of Lexington, Kentucky, and studied law at a law office in Richmond. He was admitted to the bar in Kentucky in 1854.[1][3]


Hatch practiced law for one year in Harrodsburg, Kentucky.[3] Hatch moved to Hannibal, Missouri, in 1856 and opened a law office with a partner named Campbell. He was elected as Circuit Attorney of the Sixteenth Judicial Circuit of Missouri in 1858 and 1860.[1][2][3]

By 1862, Hatch enlisted with the Confederate States Army in the Civil War.[3] He was made a commissioned captain and assistant adjutant general under General G. W. Smith[1] in December 1862, and in March 1863 was assigned to duty as assistant commissioner of exchange of prisoners under the cartel, and continued in this position until the close of the war.[2] He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in 1864.[1]

In 1872, Hatch ran for governor of Missouri, but lost.[3] Hatch was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth and to the seven succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1879 – March 4, 1895), during which time he served as chairman of the Committee on Agriculture (Forty-eighth through Fiftieth and Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress. After his congressional career, he engaged in agricultural pursuits.[3]

Personal life

Hatch married Jennie L. Smith of Scott County, Kentucky. She died in 1858.[3] Hatch married Thetis Clay Hawkins of Missouri at the age of 28.[2][3] He had two children, Sallie and Lewellen.[1][2]

Hatch raised cattle, horses and hogs at Strawberry Hill, west of Hannibal.[3]


Hatch died of Bright's disease near Hannibal, Missouri, on December 23, 1896,[1][2][3] and was interred in Mount Olivet Cemetery.[4]


Hatch is the namesake of the community of Hatch, Missouri.[5] While William Hatch is by no means a household name, his name has become synonymous with the agricultural experiment stations that were founded by his legislation. He is best remembered through the many laboratories and lecture halls named in his memory at land-grant institutions across the US.

In his hometown of Hannibal, Missouri, a bronze statue was erected in his name in 1914, nearly 20 years after his death, which stands in the center of that town today. In 1987 a plaque was added to this monument commemorating the centennial of the Hatch Act of 1887.

See also


  • United States Congress. "William H. Hatch (id: H000339)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.. Retrieved on 2008-10-19.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Col. Hatch Dead". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 1896-12-24. p. 3. Retrieved 2021-08-07 – via open access
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Hatch is Dead". Lexington Herald-Leader. Lexington, KY. 1896-12-24. p. 1. Retrieved 2021-08-07. open access
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bevins, Ann. "William Henry Hatch, Author of Hatch Act and Missouri Congressman, was Born Near Georgetown". Lexington Herald-Leader. p. 5. Retrieved 2021-08-07 – via open access
  4. ^ "Col. Hatch's Obsequies". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 1896-12-25. p. 2. Retrieved 2021-08-07 – via open access
  5. ^ "Ralls County Place Names, 1928–1945". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 12th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 29 January 2023, at 23:22
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