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Wildroot Cream-Oil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wildroot Cream-Oil is a men's hair tonic sold in the United States from the 1940s to the 1960s by the Wildroot Hair Tonic Company, based in Buffalo, New York.[1]

The company first started selling Wildroot Hair Tonic in 1911.[1] In the 1920s, the tonic was primarily marketed to women, with advertisements warning that bobbed hair and tight hats would cause baldness, unless they used the Wildroot product. Wildroot started marketing the product to men in the 1930s.[2] In 1937, the company was scolded by the Federal Trade Commission for claiming that Wildroot Hair Tonic keeps the scalp "healthy", "penetrates" the sebaceous glands, cleans up dandruff "completely", and that the results were "guaranteed".[3]

The company's original tonic was alcohol-based, which became more scarce during World War II. In the early 40s, chemist Emanuel Gundlach invented a new alcohol-free formula. At first, Gundlach presented the Wildroot executives with a cream that came in a tube, but they rejected that formulation. Adding more water to the mix, the company bottled the product, and the new Wildroot Cream-Oil was a success.[4] The product's main ingredient was lanolin, also known as wool grease, which is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of domestic sheep.[5]

Wildroot Cream-Oil was first sold in 1943.[6] In the 1950s, the product was associated with the greaser subculture, teenage boys who slicked their hair down into a ducktail style.[7]

In 1951, the Wildroot Hair Tonic Company set up the Wildroot Foundation (now the Western New York Foundation), which provides funds for local organizations in Buffalo.[1] The Wildroot company was sold to Colgate-Palmolive in 1959 for $10.5 million dollars.[1] A "Wildroot Hair Groom" is still being marketed today by the Oakhurst Company.[8]

Promotion

At the height of the product's popularity, the company advertised extensively in print, radio and television, claiming that Wildroot Cream-Oil is "again and again the choice of men who put good grooming first."[9] In print ads, the company encouraged consumers to try "the Famous Finger Nail Test": "Scratch your head and see if you find dryness or loose, ugly dandruff. If so, you need the new Wildroot Cream-Oil formula."[10]

The company's commercial jingle, Wildroot Charlie, suggested:[11]

Get Wildroot Cream Oil, Charlie;
It keeps your hair in trim.
You see, it’s nonalcoholic, Charlie;
It’s made with soothin’ lanolin...

Wildroot's many radio sponsorships included The Adventures of Sam Spade (1946-50). When Sam Spade star Howard Duff and creator Dashiell Hammett were listed in the anti-Communist tract Red Channels, Wildroot was unhappy with the names being associated with the show. Sam Spade was removed from the air in 1950, and replaced with a more Wildroot-friendly title, Charlie Wild, Private Detective, which ran from September 1950 to July 1951.[12] Other radio sponsorships included The Woody Herman Show (1945–46), The King Cole Trio (1946–48), The FBI in Peace and War (1951–52), The Shadow (1952–53) and Twenty Questions (1952–53).[13]

Television sponsorships included The Adventures of Robin Hood (1956).[14]

In the 1950s, Al Capp's comic strip hero Fearless Fosdick (a spoof of Dick Tracy) endorsed Wildroot Cream-Oil in a popular series of print advertisements, presented in comic strip form.[15] In the ads, Fosdick battled his nemesis Anyface, a murderous scoundrel who could mold his pliable face into any form of disguise. Fosdick always recognized the villain, however, because of his telltale dandruff. At the end of the ad, Fosdick encouraged readers to "Get Wildroot Cream-Oil, Charlie!"[16] The character was also featured on promotional tin signs displayed at barber shops.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Wildroot Hair Tonic Factory". Forgotten Buffalo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  2. ^ Isa, Mari (October 17, 2017). "Hair Today, Gone Tomorrow: Hair Care Products from the East Lansing Dump". MSU Campus Archeology Program. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  3. ^ Federal Trade Commission Decisions, Volume 25. 1939. p. 1593. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  4. ^ Owen, David (2004). Copies in Seconds: How a Lone Inventor and an Unknown Company Created the Biggest Communication Breakthrough Since Gutenberg. Simon & Schuster. p. 162. ISBN 978-0743251174.
  5. ^ Kovalchik, Kara (July 11, 2014). "11 Retro Grooming Products That Kept Dads Looking Dapper". Mental Floss. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  6. ^ "New! Wildroot Cream-Oil Formula! (advertisement)". National Association of Retail Druggists Journal. 65: 511. 1943.
  7. ^ Buckley, Christopher (2001). "Last Days of the Hot-Rod Kids". Star Apocrypha. Triquarterly Books. p. 30. ISBN 9780810151130. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Wildroot Hair Groom". Oakhurst Company. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  9. ^ Grams Jr., Martin (2016). The Lost Sam Spade Scripts. BearManor Media. ISBN 978-1593934538. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Can Your Scalp Pass the F-N Test? (advertisement)". Life: 86. March 19, 1945. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  11. ^ Lange, Willem (Jan 13, 2003). "Old time commercial jingles". Vermont Public Radio. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  12. ^ Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-0195076783. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  13. ^ Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. pp. 69, 73, 245, 607, 685. ISBN 978-0195076783.
  14. ^ "Wildroot Cream-Oil". Disney's Robin. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  15. ^ Markstein, Don. "Fearless Fosdick". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  16. ^ Fontanelli, Mike (November 2, 2018). "Exhibit: CAPPtivating Heroes: Jack Jawbreaker and Fearless Fosdick Fight Crime!". Animation Resources. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 19:32
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