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Whitechapel Gallery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Whitechapel Gallery
Whitechapel Gallery 2020 (3) - Copy.jpg
Location within Central London
Established1901; 119 years ago (1901)
Location77–82 Whitechapel High Street, London, England, United Kingdom[1]
Coordinates51°30′58″N 0°04′14″W / 51.515984°N 0.070485°W / 51.515984; -0.070485
Visitors490,000 (April 2009 – April 2010)
DirectorIwona Blazwick
Public transit accessLondon Underground Aldgate East
Websitewww.whitechapelgallery.org Edit this at Wikidata

The Whitechapel Gallery is a public art gallery in Whitechapel on the north side of Whitechapel High Street, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The original building, designed by Charles Harrison Townsend, opened in 1901 as one of the first publicly funded galleries for temporary exhibitions in London. In 2009 the gallery approximately doubled in size by incorporating the adjacent former Passmore Edwards library building. It exhibits the work of contemporary artists, as well as organising retrospective exhibitions and shows that are of interest to the local community.[2]

History

The gallery exhibited Pablo Picasso's Guernica in 1938 as part of a touring exhibition organised by Roland Penrose to protest against the Spanish Civil War.[3]

The gallery played an important part in the history of post-war British art. Several important exhibitions were held at the Whitechapel Gallery including This is Tomorrow in 1956, the first UK exhibition by Mark Rothko in 1961, and in 1964 The New Generation show which featured John Hoyland, Bridget Riley, David Hockney and Patrick Caulfield among others.[4][5][6][7][8]

Initiated by members of the Independent Group, the exhibition brought Pop Art to the general public as well as introducing some of the artists, concepts, designers and photographers that would define the Swinging Sixties.

Throughout its history, the gallery had a series of open exhibitions that were a strong feature for the area's artist community, but by the early 1990s these open shows became less relevant as emerging artists moved to other areas.

In the late 1970s, the critical importance of the Whitechapel Gallery was displaced by newer venues such as the Hayward Gallery, but in the 1980s it enjoyed a resurgence under the Directorship of Nicholas Serota. The gallery had a major refurbishment in 1986; and in 2009 expanded into the former Passmore Edwards Library building next door. The expansion doubled the physical size of the Gallery and nearly tripled the available exhibition space, and now allows the Whitechapel Gallery to remain open to the public all year round.[9]

Notable exhibitions

Sarah Lucas, SITUATION, Whitechapel Gallery, London, 2013.
Barjeel's 'Imperfect Chronology' exhibition at the Whitechapel Gallery
Barjeel's 'Imperfect Chronology' exhibition at the Whitechapel Gallery

Education

Since 1923, the gallery has regarded education as part of its remit. It is a not-for-profit educational charity, and has pioneered artists' residencies in schools and other education innovations that have been adopted as models across the UK and internationally.[citation needed] The current education programme focuses on four main areas: schools & teachers; children & families; youth; and community.

Highlights include The NEON Curatorial Exchange which is delivered in partnership with NEON[20] Organisation in Athens. It builds links between emerging curators in the UK and Greece, so that best practice can be shared and new ideas developed, with the aim of championing curatorial excellence. Since 2009 the gallery has invited a series of writers and artists to take up the position of Writer in Residence. The residency programme features discussions, performances and interventions, considering how writing is experienced through the lens of contemporary art.

Publications

In 2006 Whitechapel Gallery and MIT Press formed an editorial alliance to produce a new series of books entitled Documents of Contemporary Art.[citation needed]

Expansion

Rodney Graham's weather vane (2008), commissioned for the expansion and placed on the former library building. It depicts the artist in the guise of 16th-century humanist scholar Desiderius Erasmus.
Rodney Graham's weather vane (2008), commissioned for the expansion and placed on the former library building. It depicts the artist in the guise of 16th-century humanist scholar Desiderius Erasmus.

The Whitechapel reopened in April 2009 after a two-year project, which approximately doubled the size of the Gallery by incorporating the adjacent former Passmore Edwards library building (vacated when Whitechapel Idea Store opened). The work cost approximately £13.5 million and was partly funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund. A full-size tapestry based on Pablo Picasso's Guernica, by Jacqueline de la Baume Dürrbach [Wikidata] and loaned from the United Nations Art Collection, was included in the inaugural exhibition by Goshka Macuga.[21][22] and Isa Genzken.[23]

As part of the expansion, a new Archive Gallery, a reading room and an archive repository (where the Whitechapel's historic records are held) have been created to support the Whitechapel's standing as an educational charity. The archives catalogue the very conception of the gallery, as well as the complete directors' files of correspondence which reveal the reasons behind key decisions in the Gallery's history.[24]

Directors

References

  1. ^ "Visit". Whitechapel Gallery. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  2. ^ http://www.passmoreedwards.org.uk/pages/history/Libraries/Whitechapel%20art%20gallery/history%201.htm
  3. ^ Gijs van Hensbergen (2004). Guernica: The biography of a twentieth-century icon. Bloomsbury. pp. 82–96. ISBN 1582341249.
  4. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/journalists/alastair-sooke/5061519/Whitechapel-Gallery-reopens-Guernica-returns-to-its-first-British-home.html
  5. ^ http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/3rd-april-1964/18/new-generation-1964
  6. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2011/aug/01/john-hoyland-obituary
  7. ^ http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/academicians/painters/john-hoyland-ra,181,AR.html
  8. ^ Juliff, Toby (2018). "A New Generation of British Art: A Problem of Provincialism". Sydney: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art. p. 125-145.
  9. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/journalists/alastair-sooke/5061519/Whitechapel-Gallery-reopens-Guernica-returns-to-its-first-British-home.html
  10. ^ http://www.whitechapelgallery.org/exhibitions/this-is-tomorrow/
  11. ^ http://www.johnhoyland.com/the-new-generation-1964-by-bryan-robertson-2/
  12. ^ Lambirth, Andrew (2009). John Hoyland: Scatter the Devils. Norwich: Unicorn Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-906509-07-1.
  13. ^ http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/3rd-april-1964/18/new-generation-1964
  14. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2011/aug/01/john-hoyland-obituary
  15. ^ http://www.tate.org.uk/learn/online-resources/glossary/n/new-generation-sculpture
  16. ^ Juliff, Toby (2018). "A New Generation of British Art: A Problem of Provincialism". Sydney: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art. p. 125-145.
  17. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/journalists/alastair-sooke/5061519/Whitechapel-Gallery-reopens-Guernica-returns-to-its-first-British-home.html
  18. ^ Johnson, Paul (24 January 2011). "Reaching the summit". The British Ambassador to Sweden blogs on The Local. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  19. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/06/arts/international/whitechapel-gallery-in-london-brings-modern-arab-art-to-the-world.html
  20. ^ "NEON". NEON. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  21. ^ "In praise of ... Guernica". The Guardian. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Art gallery extension completed". BBC News. 31 March 2009.
  23. ^ "Iwona Blazwik on the Whitechapel. Interview by Oliver Basciano". ARTINFO. 4 June 2009.
  24. ^ Yiakoumaki, Nayia. "The Whitechapel Opens its Archive", Apollo, 2009-03-01. 2009-05-28.
  25. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/4722693/A-miracle-in-the-East-End.html
  26. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/4722693/A-miracle-in-the-East-End.html
  27. ^ Juliff, Toby (2018). "A New Generation of British Art: A Problem of Provincialism". Sydney: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art. p. 125-145.
  28. ^ http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/24th-march-2001/52/battles-with-my-trustees
  29. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/4722693/A-miracle-in-the-East-End.html
  30. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/journalists/alastair-sooke/5061519/Whitechapel-Gallery-reopens-Guernica-returns-to-its-first-British-home.html

External links

This page was last edited on 2 August 2020, at 17:40
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