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White Americans in Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

White Marylanders
Total population
Approx. 3,565,204 (59% - total)
Approx. 3,075,744 (50.5% - non-Hispanic) (2018)
Regions with significant populations
Frederick67.2% White, 55.2% non-Hispanic white
Columbia53.7% White, 47.7% non-Hispanic white
Germantown46.% White, 30.9% non-Hispanic white
Silver Spring41.1% White, 34.2% non-Hispanic white
Baltimore30.3% White, 27.6% non-Hispanic white
Languages
American English (Baltimore accent, Tidewater accent), American Spanish, French, Italian, Polish, German, Russian, Persian, Greek, Arabic, Portuguese, American Sign Language
Religion
Christianity, Judaism, Atheism
Related ethnic groups
White Americans, White Hispanic and Latino Americans

White Marylanders are White Americans living in Maryland. As of 2019, they comprise 57.3% of the state's population. 49.8% of the population is non-Hispanic white, making Maryland a majority minority state.[1] The regions of Western Maryland, Southern Maryland and the Eastern Shore all have majority white populations. Many white Marylanders also live in Central Maryland, including Baltimore, as well as in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. Garrett County (97.5%) and Carroll County (91.9%) are the counties with the highest percentage of white Americans. Garrett and Carroll counties also have the highest percentage of non-Hispanic whites at 96.3% and 88.7%, respectively. Prince George's County (27%), Baltimore (30.4%), and Charles County (42.8%) have the lowest percentages of white people. Prince George's County has the lowest percentage of non-Hispanic whites, at 12.5% of the population. White Marylanders are a minority in Baltimore, Cambridge, Charles County, Jessup, Owings Mills, Prince George's County, Randallstown, and White Oak. Non-Hispanic whites are the plurality in Montgomery County, Columbia, Elkridge, Reisterstown, Salisbury, and Severn.

Some jurisdictions such as Montgomery County and Columbia are majority white, but non-Hispanic whites constitute a plurality. Others areas such as Salisbury and Severn do not have a white majority, but do have a non-Hispanic white plurality. Several communities, largely in Prince George's County, have white populations of less than 10%. Langley Park is 9.9% white and 2.8% non-Hispanic white, Chillum is 9.6% white and 3.7% non-Hispanic white, Clinton is 8.4% white and 6.9% non-Hispanic white, Coral Hills is 5.5% white and 3.2% non-Hispanic white, Kettering is 2.9% white and 2.6% non-Hispanic white, and Hillcrest Heights is 4% white and 1.7% non-Hispanic white. Other communities, mostly in Western Maryland and the Eastern Shore, are over 95% white, such as Barton, Lonaconing, Midland, Ocean City, Oakland, Thurmont, and Westernport. As of the 2010 Census, the town of Luke in Western Maryland was 100% white.

Demographics

As of 2019, Maryland is 49.8% non-Hispanic white, becoming the first state on the East Coast to become minority-majority.[2] Only the majority-minority states of Hawaii, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas have a smaller percentage of non-Hispanic whites. By 2031, minorities are projected to become the majority of voting eligible residents of Maryland.[3]

Children from minority groups are already the majority of Maryland children.[4] In 2017 , 41.6% of live births were to non-Hispanic white mothers.[5]

The top reported ancestries of white Marylanders are: German (15.7%), Irish (11.4%), English (8.5%), American (6.7%), Italian (5.7%), Polish (3.1%), French (2.9%), Dutch (1.5%), Norwegian (1.5%), Scottish (1.8%), Swedish (1.3%), Scotch-Irish (1.1%), and Russian (1%). Smaller white ethnic groups include French-Canadians (0.7%), Welsh (0.6%), Arabs (0.5%), Czechs (0.5%), Danish (0.5%), Hungarians (0.5%), Portuguese (0.5%), Greeks (0.4%), Swiss (0.3%), Ukrainians (0.3%), Lithuanians (0.2%), and Slovaks (0.2%). [6]

History

Early European exploration and colonization

In 1498 the first European explorers sailed along the Eastern Shore, off present-day Worcester County.[7] In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing under the French flag, passed the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In 1608 John Smith entered the bay[7] and explored it extensively. His maps still exist today, and although technically crude they are surprisingly accurate given the technology of those times (the maps are ornate but crude by modern technical standards).

The region was depicted in a map by Estêvão Gomes and Diego Gutiérrez, made in 1562, in the context of the Spanish Ajacán Mission of the sixteenth century.[8]

Religion

The majority of white Marylanders are Christians. As of 2014, 53% of Christians in Maryland were white, down from 57% in 2007. 27% of white Marylanders in 2014 were Mainline Protestants, 19% were Catholics, 18% were Evangelical Protestants, and 6% were Jewish. 1% each of white Marylanders was Mormon and Orthodox Christian. Less than 1% each of white Marylanders were Buddhist, Hindu, Jehovah's Witnesses, or Muslims.[9]

Politics

In the 2020 presidential election, 62% of all voters in Maryland were white. 52% of white voters in Maryland voted for Joe Biden while 46% voted for Donald Trump. By comparison, 88% of voters of color voted for Joe Biden and 11% voted for Donald Trump. By gender, white male voters in Maryland preferred Biden to Trump 50% to 47%, while white women voters preferred Biden to Trump 53% to 45%. White millennials ages 18 to 29 were the most likely to vote for Biden (56%), while middle-aged whites ages 45 to 64 were the most likely to vote for Trump (52%). By religion, white Protestants preferred Trump over Biden by a wide margin (62% to 35%) while white Catholics preferred Trump by a smaller margin (54% to 44%). Non-religious whites preferred Biden over Trump 73% to 23%, while whites of some other religion preferred Biden over Trump (72% to 28%). Urban and suburban whites preferred Biden, while small town and rural whites preferred Trump. Trump won with non-college educated whites, particularly non-college educated white women, while Biden won among college educated whites, particularly college educated white women.[10]

Maryland has only had white Governors in the course of its history. All twelve colonial governors and all sixty-two governors of the State of Maryland have been white men.[11] Republican Michael S. Steele became Maryland's first non-white and first African-American lieutenant governor in 2003,[12] Democrat Anthony G. Brown became the second African-American lieutenant governor in 2007, and Republican Boyd Rutherford became the third African-American lieutenant governor in 2015. No white women have served as governor, but Kathleen Kennedy Townsend became Maryland's first white female lieutenant governor in 1995.[13]

White Supremacy

In 1999, Maryland was home to at least a dozen white-supremacist hate groups, including the World Church of the Creator, six chapters of the Ku Klux Klan, the Baltimore branch of the neo-Nazi National Alliance, an Abingdon-based skinhead fraternity known as the Hammerskin Nation, and an Edgewater-based neo-Nazi group called SS Regalia. The Southern Poverty Law Center has identified several white-supremacist hate groups in Maryland as of 2020, including two KKK affiliates: the Noble Klans of America and the Loyal White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.[14] The number of white supremacist hate groups in Maryland often fluctuates from year to year as groups splinter and recombine. Typically, these white-supremacist hate groups have several dozen members and keep a low profile, although they actively try to recruit new members. The KKK has long been the most active and most visible white racist organization in Maryland, though the influence of the KKK was waning by the 1990s. The KKK had a strong presence in rural Western and Central Maryland in counties such as Carroll, Frederick, Howard, and Washington. The oldest KKK affiliate in Maryland is the Invincible Empire Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, with chapters in Frederick and Washington counties, and which held intermittent rallies in Annapolis. The American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan faction, with chapters in Clinton, Timonium, and Rising Sun, also held rallies in Annapolis during the 1990s.[15]

During the 2010s, Maryland's government began to confront the white-supremacist legacy of lynching. In 2021, Maryland Governor Larry Hogan pardoned 34 African-American victims of lynching who had been murdered between 1854 and 1933, due to activism from the Maryland Lynching Memorial Project and other anti-racist organizations.[16]

All of Maryland's Confederate monuments located on public land were removed during the 2010s, with the last Confederate statue being the Talbot Boys Statue at the Talbot County Courthouse in Easton courthouse. The Talbot County Council voted to remove the Talbot Boys Confederate monument in September, 2021.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - Maryland - 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  2. ^ "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - Maryland - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2018. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  3. ^ "States of Change: The Demographic Evolution of the American Electorate, 1974–2060" (PDF). Center for American Progress. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "White children in the minority in 10 states – This Just In – CNN.com Blogs". News.blogs.cnn.com. April 6, 2011. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  5. ^ "Births: Final Data for 2015" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  6. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD (2013). "Maryland Historical Chronology: 10,000 B.C. - 1599." Maryland Manual On-Line.
  8. ^ "The Spanish in the Chesapeake Bay". Charles A. Grymes. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  9. ^ "Religious tradition among adults in Maryland by race/ethnicity". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  10. ^ "Maryland Voter Surveys: How Different Groups Voted". The New York Times. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  11. ^ "GOP race to succeed Maryland Gov. Hogan opens up with Lt. Gov. Boyd Rutherford opting out, Commerce Secretary Kelly Schulz announcing she's in". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  12. ^ "MICHAEL S. STEELE". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  13. ^ "Kathleen Kennedy Townsend". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  14. ^ "IN 2020, 15 HATE GROUPS WERE TRACKED IN MARYLAND". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  15. ^ "12 Hate Groups Found In Md". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  16. ^ "Maryland governor pardons 34 victims of racial lynching". NBC News. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  17. ^ "Talbot Boys Confederate monument to be removed on courthouse grounds on Maryland's Eastern Shore". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2021-10-05.

Bibliography

  • Durr, Kenneth D., Behind the Backlash: White Working-Class Politics in Baltimore, 1940-1980, 2007, The University of North Carolina Press ISBN 0807854336
This page was last edited on 2 November 2021, at 06:03
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