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White Americans in Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

White Marylanders
Total population
Approx. 3,565,204 (59% - total)
Approx. 3,075,744 (50.5% - non-Hispanic) (2018)
Regions with significant populations
Frederick67.2% White, 55.2% non-Hispanic white
Columbia53.7% White, 47.7% non-Hispanic white
Germantown46.% White, 30.9% non-Hispanic white
Silver Spring41.1% White, 34.2% non-Hispanic white
Baltimore30.3% White, 27.6% non-Hispanic white
Languages
American English (Baltimore accent, Tidewater accent), American Spanish, French, Italian, Polish, German, Russian, Persian, Greek, Arabic, Portuguese, American Sign Language
Religion
Christianity, Judaism, Atheism
Related ethnic groups
White Americans, White Hispanic and Latino Americans

White Marylanders are White Americans living in Maryland. As of 2018, they comprise 58.8% of the state's population. 50.5% of the population is non-Hispanic white. The regions of Western Maryland, Southern Maryland and the Eastern Shore all have majority white populations. Many white Marylanders also live in Central Maryland, including Baltimore, as well as in the suburbs of Washington, D.C.. Garrett County (97.5%) and Carroll County (91.9%) are the counties with the highest percentage of white Americans. Garrett and Carroll counties also have the highest percentage of non-Hispanic whites at 96.3% and 88.7%, respectively. Prince George's County (27%), Baltimore (30.4%), and Charles County (42.8%) have the lowest percentages of white people. Prince George's County has the lowest percentage of non-Hispanic whites, at 12.5% of the population. White Marylanders are a minority in Baltimore, Cambridge, Charles County, Jessup, Owings Mills, Prince George's County, Randallstown, and White Oak. Non-Hispanic whites are the plurality in Montgomery County, Columbia, Elkridge, Reisterstown, Salisbury, and Severn.

Some jurisdictions such as Montgomery County and Columbia are majority white, but non-Hispanic whites constitute a plurality. Others areas such as Salisbury and Severn do not have a white majority, but do have a non-Hispanic white plurality. Several communities, largely in Prince George's County, have white populations of less than 10%. Langley Park is 9.9% white and 2.8% non-Hispanic white, Chillum is 9.6% white and 3.7% white, Clinton is 8.4% white and 6.9% non-Hispanic white, Coral Hills is 5.5% white and 3.2% non-Hispanic white, Kettering is 2.9% white and 2.6% non-Hispanic white, and Hillcrest Heights is 4% white and 1.7% non-Hispanic white. Other communities, mostly in Western Maryland and the Eastern Shore, are over 95% white, such as Barton, Lonaconing, Midland, Ocean City, Oakland, Thurmont, and Westernport. As of the 2010 Census, the town of Luke in Western Maryland was 100% white.

Demographics

As of 2018, Maryland is 50.2% non-Hispanic white and is on the verge of becoming minority-majority.[1] Only the majority-minority states of Hawaii, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas have a smaller percentage of non-Hispanic whites. Non-Hispanic whites are expected to become the plurality ethnic group within 5 years of 2015.[2] After Nevada in 2016, Maryland is projected to be the next state to become majority-minority due to growing African-American, Asian-American and Hispanic/Latino populations. By 2031, minorities are projected to become the majority of voting eligible residents of Maryland.[3]

Children from minority groups are already the majority of Maryland children.[4] In 2017 , 41.6% of live births were to non-Hispanic white mothers.[5]

The top reported ancestries of white Marylanders are: German (15%), Irish (11%), English (8%), American (7%), Italian (6%), and Polish (3%).[6]

History

Early European exploration

In 1498 the first European explorers sailed along the Eastern Shore, off present-day Worcester County.[7] In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing under the French flag, passed the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In 1608 John Smith entered the bay[7] and explored it extensively. His maps still exist today, and although technically crude they are surprisingly accurate given the technology of those times (the maps are ornate but crude by modern technical standards).

The region was depicted in a map by Estêvão Gomes and Diego Gutiérrez, made in 1562, in the context of the Spanish Ajacán Mission of the sixteenth century.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - Maryland - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2018. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "Face it, we're on our way to being a majority minority country". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "States of Change: The Demographic Evolution of the American Electorate, 1974–2060" (PDF). Center for American Progress. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "White children in the minority in 10 states – This Just In – CNN.com Blogs". News.blogs.cnn.com. April 6, 2011. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  5. ^ "Births: Final Data for 2015" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  6. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD (2013). "Maryland Historical Chronology: 10,000 B.C. - 1599." Maryland Manual On-Line.
  8. ^ "The Spanish in the Chesapeake Bay". Charles A. Grymes. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2013.

Bibliography

  • Durr, Kenneth D., Behind the Backlash: White Working-Class Politics in Baltimore, 1940-1980, 2007, The University of North Carolina Press ISBN 0807854336
This page was last edited on 31 August 2020, at 16:05
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