To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Whistle register

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The whistle register (also called the flute register, whistle tone or whistle note) is the highest register of the human voice, lying above the modal register and falsetto register. This register has a specific physiological production that is different from the other registers, and is so called because the timbre of the notes that are produced from this register is similar to that of a whistle.

In some sopranos, the modal register vocal production may extend into what is usually thought of as the whistle register.[1]

Physiology and definition

The whistle register is the highest phonational register, that in most singers begins above the soprano "high D" (D6 or 1174.6 Hz) and extends to about an octave above (D7 or 2349.3 Hz). It is created by using only the back of the vocal folds. The lower part of the whistle register may overlap the upper parts of the modal and falsetto registers, making it possible for singers to phonate these notes in different ways. However, fundamentally the whistle register is most commonly used to produce pitches above D6. As with the other vocal registers, the whistle register does not begin at the same point within every voice, and there are rare voices which can extend the whistle register much higher or lower than the range listed above. For example, most operatic coloratura sopranos can sing up to the "high" F above "high" C without entering into the whistle register.[1] Cleo Laine from the United Kingdom and Yma Sumac, from Peru, are two sopranos with extreme vocal ranges.

The physiology of the whistle register is the least understood of the vocal registers. Unlike other types of vocal production, it is difficult to film the vocal cords while they are operating in this manner as the epiglottis closes down over the larynx and the resonating chamber assumes its smallest dimensions. It is known that when producing pitches in this register, vibration occurs only in some anterior portion of the vocal folds. This shorter vibrating length naturally allows for easier production of high pitches.[2]

Although the whole physiological production of whistle tone is not understood, it is known that when the laterals are active but the transversus inactive, a triangular opening is seen between the arytenoids, the vocal processes contact each other, but the posterior parts at the apex do not contact each other. The exception to this would be if the vocal folds are not stretched, as stretching of the vocal ligaments abducts (moves away from) the vocal processes.[3]

In children

Many babies and small children regardless of sex can produce sounds in the frequency range of the whistle register without any conscious effort. Typically, the whistle register in children extends from the soprano "high D" (D6 or 1174.6 Hz) to two Gs above (G7 or 3136 Hz). Some children, however, can produce pitches that surpass the upper limit of the keyboard.

Uses

In European classical music, the whistle register is used primarily by coloratura sopranos. Many parts in the coloratura soprano repertoire extend beyond "high C" and often extend up to high F (F6 or 1396.9 Hz). Although many coloratura sopranos use whistle tone vocal production to sing these notes, some operatic sopranos are capable of singing up to "high F" without utilizing the vocal production associated with the whistle register but remaining in the modal register. However, most coloratura sopranos do utilize the whistle register, particularly when singing staccato notes in rapid succession, during high trills, or other elaborate coloratura ornamentation in the upper tessitura. Rarely will coloraturas use whistle tone when doing high extended notes. However, singers like Mado Robin were noted for doing so.[citation needed]

In popular music, the whistle register is used with more variety and to produce much higher pitches than are called for in classical music. It is mostly used by female singers, such as Mariah Carey,[4][5] Minnie Riperton,[4][6] Betty Wright, Christina Aguilera,[4][7] Ariana Grande,[4][8] and Morissette Amon.[9][10] Some male singers can also make use of the whistle register, including Adam Lopez,[4][11] Dimash Kudaibergen[4][12] and Wang Xiaolong. Wang Xiaolong holds the Guinness Book of Records title for the highest vocal note produced by a man (E8, 5243 Hz).[13] Female singer Georgia Brown was listed in the 2005 Guinness World Records for highest note (G10 or 25 kHz) ever reached,[14] but this claim was removed when the 2007 edition was issued, since no recording that would prove the note being real was ever released.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b James C. McKinney (1994). The Diagnosis and Correction of Vocal Faults: A Manual for Teachers of Singing and for Choir Directors. Genevox Music Group. ISBN 978-1-56593-940-0. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  2. ^ Lesley Mathieson; Margaret C. L. Greene (1 June 2001). Greene and Mathieson's the voice and its disorders. Whurr. ISBN 978-1-86156-196-1. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  3. ^ Van den Berg, J.W. (December 1963). "Vocal Ligaments versus Registers". The NATS Bulletin. 19: 18.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Whistle Register Singing Voice". Become Singers Vocal Coaching. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  5. ^ Vincent, Alice (May 6, 2015). "Mariah Carey: how she hits those highs". telegraph. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  6. ^ Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2002). All Music Guide To Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (3 ed.). Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 944. ISBN 0-87930-653-X.
  7. ^ Grossman, Samantha (May 20, 2014). "This Interactive Chart Compares the Vocal Ranges of the World's Greatest Singers". Time. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  8. ^ Sources:
  9. ^ "Morissette: I'm just being true to myself". Philippine Star. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Morissette Trending Videos Of 'Pangarap Ko Ang Ibigin Ka' Whistle Notes". Philippine News. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  11. ^ "What Is Whistle Register?". Live About. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Реакция на вокал Димаша Кудайбергена вокального тренера Энди Дэвиса" (in Russian). Yandex News Russia. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Highest vocal note - male - Guinness World Records". Guinness World Records on YouTube. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  14. ^ Guinness World Records 2005: Special 50th Anniversary Edition (2005). pg. 196. UK: Guinness Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-892051-22-2.
  15. ^ Guinness World Records 2007: (2007). pg. 366. UK: Guinness Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-553-58992-4.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 10 May 2020, at 21:27
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.