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Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch
Various automobiles appear in front of a purple background displaying the show's title.
Title card
GenreAnimation
Directed byCharles A. Nichols
Voices ofFrank Welker
Judy Strangis
Paul Winchell
Lennie Weinrib
Don Messick
Theme music composerHoyt Curtin
ComposerHoyt Curtin
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons1
No. of episodes13 (39 segments)
Production
Executive producersWilliam Hanna
Joseph Barbera
ProducerIwao Takamoto
Running time30 minutes
Production companyHanna-Barbera Productions
DistributorWarner Bros. Television Distribution
Release
Original networkNBC
Picture formatColor
Audio formatMono
Original releaseSeptember 7 (1974-09-07) –
November 30, 1974 (1974-11-30)

Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch is an American animated television series, produced by Hanna-Barbera, which originally aired for one season on NBC from September 7 to November 30, 1974.[1] The show aired for 13 half-hour episodes.[2]

With an ensemble voice cast consisting of Frank Welker, Judy Strangis, Don Messick, Paul Winchell and Lennie Weinrib, the show follows an anthropomorphic car named Wheelie and a trouble-making motorcycle gang called the "Chopper Bunch".[3]

The series was produced by Iwao Takamoto, executively produced by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera and directed by Charles A. Nichols. An accompanying comic book series, with contributions from artists Joe Staton and John Byrne, debuted in May 1975,[4] although Byrne quit while finishing his second issue as he was unsatisfied with his creative control and felt he was overcompensated for his work. Other artists completed the series, which totaled seven comic books.

This series was commonly grouped together with Speed Buggy (1973) and Wonder Wheels (1977–78) due to the similarities in plot and characters. Reception-wise, several critics reacted negatively to the violence and portrayal of motorcycles in the series, prompting viewers to write letters to NBC in hopes that the show would be pulled off the air. It has since been released on DVD as part of Warner Bros.' Archive Collection on a three-disc set.

Premise

The series takes place in a world of anthropomorphic vehicles and centers on Wheelie, his girlfriend Rota Ree, and a motorcycle gang known as the Chopper Bunch.[5] A writer for Cycle World described the premise of the show: "Wheelie, a car, is the hero, and the villains are a bunch of choppers who do everything dirty to get Wheelie, the clean, all-American car."[6] Nearly every episode of the series focused on the Chopper Bunch attempting to outsmart Wheelie, despite their continual failed attempts.[7] The show negatively depicted motorcycles and motorcyclists,[8] and the Chopper Bunch typically received consequences for their actions, which sometimes involved the police.[9]

Characters

  • Wheelie (Frank Welker) is a red racing/stunt car resembling a Volkswagen Beetle.[10][11] Depicted as heroic with humanlike capabilities, Wheelie often finds himself having to contend with the Chopper Bunch, a group of hoodlum motorcycles.[11] Wheelie can only communicate in car horn 'beeps' and 'honks' that the other characters can understand, and also in words and symbols that flash on his windshield, including "Charge!" (accompanied by a bugle call and group shout) whenever he is aroused or angered. Wheelie is also equipped with mechanical hands that can produce any item he needs from his trunk.
  • Rota Ree (Judy Strangis) is Wheelie's devoted girlfriend who is frequently subjected to the unwanted affections of Chopper.[12]

The Chopper Bunch:

  • Chopper (Frank Welker), the leader. He is jealous of Wheelie and wants only to get rid of him or at least make his life miserable, and to steal Rota Ree for himself.[12]
    • Revs (Paul Winchell), who always talks in spoonerisms.[5] Winchell's performance was very similar to that of the original Scrubbing Bubbles TV commercials from 1973.
    • Hi-Riser (Lennie Weinrib), the tallest of the Chopper Bunch, but with the lowest IQ.[5]
    • Scrambles (Don Messick), a minibike and the smallest and slowest member of the Chopper Bunch. He is also the one who constantly advises against most of the Bunch's schemes, but Chopper never listens to him until after the fact, at which point Scrambles endlessly shouts "Itoldja! Itoldja! Itoldja!".
  • Captain Tuff (Paul Winchell), a hardened, no-nonsense police cruiser.
  • Deputy Fishtail (Don Messick), a police motorcycle and eager rookie obsessed with catching the Chopper Bunch, but whose attempts usually wind up ensnaring Captain Tuff instead.

Messick and Weinrib also provided voices for several other minor characters.[7][13]

Production

Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch premiered in September 1974, about one year after the debut of Speed Buggy, another Hanna-Barbera cartoon with similar themes. Executively produced by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera's Hanna-Barbera Productions, Charles A. Nichols served as the series' director.[12] Several writers contributed to the series, including Lars Bourne, Len Janson, Chuck Menville, Robert Ogle, and Dalton Sandifer.[12] The show's official theme song was composed by Hoyt Curtin, Barbera, and Hanna.[14] Curtin also served as the series' music composer.[12] Iwao Takamoto, who had previously worked on several series for Hanna-Barbera productions in the past, solely produced Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch.[15]

Like other animated series created by Hanna-Barbera in the 1970s, the show contained a laugh track created by the studio.[16]

Broadcast history

Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch was broadcast on NBC as part of their Saturday morning children's lineup between September 7 and November 30, 1974;[17][18] and before being cancelled, it continued to air regularly on the network until August 30, 1975.[19] The series featured a total of 13 episodes with three segments each, bringing a total of 39 segments overall. During its original allocated time slot, the show rivaled The Bugs Bunny Show on ABC and repeats of Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! on CBS; it also aired immediately following the animated adaptation of The Addams Family and right before Emergency +4 on NBC.[20]

In syndication, the series was replayed on several television networks after its cancellation. USA Network ran the series beginning May 16, 1989 and until March 28, 1991.[19] Sister channels Cartoon Network and Boomerang have broadcast Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch on multiple occasions since their initial launch; the former began reruns in 1995, while the latter started in 2000.[19][21] The episode featuring "Double Cross Country", "The Infiltrator", and "The Stunt Show" was featured on the Warner Bros. Presents DVD compilation Saturday Morning Cartoons – 1970's Volume 1 and released on May 26, 2009.[22] As part of the Warner Bros. Television Distribution's Archive Collection, the complete Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch series was made available on DVD as a three-disc set.[23]

Comic book series

In 1975, comic book artists Joe Staton and John Byrne were commissioned to create a series of books to coincide with broadcasts of the series. Published by Charlton Comics, it would also serve as Staton's and Byrne's first series of comic books.[24][25] After the first issue (with art by Staton) was distributed in May 1975,[26] Hanna-Barbera asked Byrne to create a mellower second issue, as the debut was considered "too scary" by executives. The second issue discouraged Byrne from continuing with the series, so he left after just two issues. Byrne also said he also felt wrong accepting the large amounts of money from Hanna-Barbera, which he stated was $50.00 per page.[24] The series continued with other artists.[26] A total of seven issues were made, with the final one circulating in July 1976.[27]

Episodes

No. Title Original air date
1"Get a Doctor" / "A Day at the Beach" / "Ghost Riders"September 7, 1974 (1974-09-07)[17]
Get a Doctor: To mess with Wheelie, the Chopper Bunch persuades him to believe that he is greatly ill and needs to visit the doctor, despite being in perfect health.
A Day at the Beach: Rota Ree and Wheelie visit the beach for a day of relaxation, which is interrupted by the Chopper Bunch.
Ghost Riders: After the death of his uncle, Wheelie inherits a junkyard which he plans to operate; however, Chopper is jealous of the acquired business and plans to scare Wheelie away and run it himself.
2"Double Cross Country" / "The Infiltrator" / "The Stunt Show"September 14, 1974 (1974-09-14)[28]
Double Cross Country: In a motor race where a date with Rota Ree is the grand prize, both Wheelie and Chopper enter in hopes of winning first.
The Infiltrator: C.C., the newest member of the Chopper Bunch, is asked to spy on, and set traps for, Wheelie.
The Stunt Show: Chopper, jealous that Wheelie is the main act in a stunt show, plans to ruin the event in order to make Wheelie look bad.
3"Razzle Dazzle Paint Job" / "The Autolympics" / "The Delivery Service"September 21, 1974 (1974-09-21)[29]
Razzle Dazzle Paint Job: Wheelie wins a complimentary paint job ticket at a local paint shop, so Chopper plots to steal the ticket and get the deal for himself.
The Autolympics: During the Autolympics, Chopper hopes to ruin Wheelie's chances of winning a gold medal by sabotaging the event.
The Delivery Service: Rota Ree's uncle, a delivery truck, is unable to delivery his goods to their rightful owners because he is ill, so Wheelie promises to help out, despite Chopper's desire to delay the deliveries.
4"The Big Bumper" / "Surprise Party" / "On the Town"September 28, 1974 (1974-09-28)[30]
The Big Bumper: Chopper befriends the Big Bumper and asks him to ruin Wheelie's life, much to Wheelie's dismay.
Surprise Party: In an effort to make amends, Chopper suggests a truce between himself and Wheelie, although Wheelie cannot tell if the offer is genuine or not.
On the Town: After being upset one too many times, Wheelie chases the Chopper Bunch around town with the help of Captain Tuff and Fishtail.
5"Black Belt Fuji" / "Our Hero" / "Wheelie Goes Hawaiian"October 5, 1974 (1974-10-05)[31]
Black Belt Fuji: An Oriental car named Black Belt Fuji visits Motor City and has Wheelie show him around town, despite Chopper's attempts to mess up the tour.
Our Hero: A scooter named Susie becomes lost, so the "Rescue Squad" and Wheelie decide to locate and save her before Chopper can and thus receive all of the credit.
Wheelie Goes Hawaiian: Wheelie and Rota Ree travel to Hawaii to compete in a race that Chopper enters just to annoy Wheelie.
6"The Inspection" / "The Old Timer" / "The Copter Caper"October 12, 1974 (1974-10-12)[32]
The Inspection: Chopper and his friends plan to ruin a mandatory inspection that Fishtail has prepared for Wheelie to pass.
The Old Timer: While escaping the Chopper Bunch, Wheelie finds an old car in need of help, but also needs to stay hidden from Chopper.
The Copter Caper: Wheelie and Rota Ree go on a picnic that is interrupted by a police helicopter that is actively searching for Chopper and his friends.
7"Dr. Crankenstein" / "Bulldozer Buddy" / "Happy Birthday, Wheelie"October 19, 1974 (1974-10-19)[33]
Dr. Crankenstein: Doctor Crankenstein, a psychotic scientist, creates a monster car named Moto, but needs the brain of another vehicle in order to control it, so he hopes to capture either Wheelie or Chopper.
Bulldozer Buddy: Wheelie becomes acquainted with a friendly bulldozer, who promises to help Wheelie when he is in trouble with Chopper.
Happy Birthday, Wheelie: On Wheelie's birthday, Rota Ree and he visit an amusement park, while Captain Tuff and Fishtail hope to capture Chopper to prevent any chaos.
8"Wheelie, the Super Star" / "Down on the Farm" / "Roadeo"October 26, 1974 (1974-10-26)[34]
Wheelie, the Super Star: On the set of a movie, Chopper decides to sabotage Wheelie's position as a stunt double during one of the scenes.
Down on the Farm: Rota Ree's uncle is unable to maintain his farm for a brief period, so Wheelie fills in for him and completes his chores.
Roadeo: Both Wheelie and Chopper decide to enter a local rodeo, much to the dismay of Wheelie.
9"Carfucious Says" / "Mighty Wheelie" / "Camping with a Go Go""November 2, 1974 (1974-11-02)[35]
Carfucious Says: After Wheelie befriends a new car named Carfucious, the Chopper Bunch decides to try to ruin the newfound friendship.
Mighty Wheelie: Wheelie decides to take it upon himself to stand up to the Chopper Bunch.
Camping with a Go Go: Rota Ree's nephew, Go Go, goes on a camping trip with his aunt and Wheelie, although Chopper tries to disrupt their fun.
10"Lenny Van Limousine" / "Snow Foolin" / "Wheelie in Paris"November 9, 1974 (1974-11-09)[36]
Lenny Van Limousine: A rich vehicle named Lenny Van Limousine pays Chopper to force Rota Ree to go on a date with Lenny, despite her relationship with Wheelie.
Snow Foolin' : Wheelie plans to have fun during a snowstorm, which Chopper has decided to ruin.
Wheelie in Paris: At the Grand Prix in Paris, Wheelie is running late to the event, so Chopper attempts to make him miss it completely.
11"Dragster Net" / "Dragula" / "Boot Camp"November 16, 1974 (1974-11-16)[37][38]
Dragster Net: In the town of Motor City, Deputy Fishtail and Captain Tuff try to find the perpetrators of a series of robberies throughout the community.
Dragula: A vampire drag race car who is capable of transforming into a vampire bat relentlessly tries to feed on the oil of other vehicles, including Wheelie.
Boot Camp: After enlisting in the army, the Chopper Bunch pursues Wheelie in hopes that he will get in trouble during basic training.
12"Dr. Cykll and Mr. Ryde" / "Johnny Crash" / "Wheelie and the Smoke Eater"November 23, 1974 (1974-11-23)[39]
Dr. Cykll and Mr. Ryde: Wheelie goes to see Dr. Cykll for his annual checkup, unaware that the good doctor has concocted a potion that he drinks to turn himself into Mr. Ride.
Johnny Crash: Chopper finds out that Wheelie has been invited to be a guest on the Johnny Crash Show and decides to ruin the appearance.
Wheelie and the Smoke Eater: Acting as a firefighter, Wheelie learns that the Chopper Bunch reaches out similarly in order to upstage him.
13"Friday the Thirteenth" / "Wings of Wheelie" / "Wheelie's Clean Sweep"November 30, 1974 (1974-11-30)[18]
Friday the Thirteenth: It is Friday the 13th and Wheelie is worried that the Chopper Bunch will try their best to scare him.
Wings of Wheelie: Wheelie, wanting to learn how to fly, decides to take lessons which are interrupted by the Chopper Bunch, hoping that he will crash while practicing.
Wheelie's Clean Sweep: Filling in for Rota Ree's dad, who is a street sweeper, Wheelie cleans the streets of Motor City, unbeknownst to the fact that Chopper is watching his every move.

Other appearances

Reception

Critical response

"I have written to NBC suggesting the harm that exists in this program and telling them about who really rides motorcycles and how this myth they are perpetuating effects us on the road. I suggest that you and your readers watch this show, then write letters, many letters, to NBC."

—Additional comments from Van Duson, a viewer who was concerned about the series' negative depictions of motorcycles and motorcyclists.[8]

Following the initial debut of the series, it received criticism and negative feedback on several aspects. Jack Anderson and Les Whitten, journalists for The Sumter Daily Item, felt that several animated television shows on NBC embodied too much violence, and listed Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch, Speed Buggy, The Pink Panther, and Bugs Bunny as the most "aggressive" ones on the channel. In their concerns, they claimed that children watching the series were more likely to be prone to negative "social behavior" around others. Ultimately, the two recommended that younger viewers watch Hanna-Barbera's Devlin due to its inclusion of "no aggression, [...] altruism, and [...] acts of sympathy explaining feelings".[40]

In response to the motorcycles being negatively depicted on the show, a concerned viewer named Eric L. Van Duson wrote to Cycle in 1975 expressing disgust. He claimed that the portrayals of motorcycles could perhaps "brainwash [...] little kids" into thinking that motorcyclists are "nasty".[8] Reacting to Hanna-Barbera creating several series with vehicles serving as the main characters, such as Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch, author David Perlmutter found the use of "humanized automobiles" to be too predictable and repetitive.[41] However, in a retrospective view of older cartoons, the staff at MeTV included the show on their list of "15 Forgotten Cartoons from the Early 1970s You Used to Love".[10]

Legacy

Along with Speed Buggy and Wonder Wheels, Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch was one of the many Hanna-Barbera productions that incorporated automobiles able to talk and act like humans into animation;[19] these three shows were dubbed together as a "trilogy" by Perlmutter.[41] Additionally, it was listed as "the precursor to the numerous series featuring vehicles as super-heroes" that would arrive on television in both the 1980s and the 1990s.[11] On the 2003 compilation album Cartoon Network: Toon-a-Rama, the official theme song for Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch was included on the track listing.[14]

References

Citations

  1. ^ Woolery, George W. (1983). Children's Television: The First Thirty-Five Years, 1946-1981, Part 1: Animated Cartoon Series. Scarecrow Press. pp. 307–308. ISBN 0-8108-1557-5. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  2. ^ Erickson 2005, pp. 901–902, Vol. M–Z.
  3. ^ Perlmutter, David (2018). The Encyclopedia of American Animated Television Shows. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 691. ISBN 978-1538103739.
  4. ^ "Byrne-ing to Read: Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch #2". Diversions of the Groovy Kind. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Mansour 2011, p. 526
  6. ^ "Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch". Cycle World. 14: 9, 12. 1975. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  7. ^ a b Sennett & Barbera 1989, p. 176
  8. ^ a b c Van Duson, Eric L. (January 1975). "Letters". Cycle. 14 (2). ISSN 0011-4286. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  9. ^ Kaye 1979, p. 178
  10. ^ a b MeTV staff (June 17, 2016). "15 Forgotten Cartoons from the Early 1970s You Used to Love". MeTV. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e Terrace 1985, p. 442
  12. ^ David, Nina (1974). "TV Season: 1974". TV Season. Oryx Press: 178. ISBN 9780912700205. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Cartoon Network – Wheelie & The Chopper Bunch". AllMusic. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  14. ^ Lentz III 2007, p. 397
  15. ^ Iverson, Paul R. (1994), The Advent of the Laugh Track (2nd ed.), Hempstead, New York: Hofstra University Archives
  16. ^ a b "Local Programs Sept. 7–13". TV Guide. 22 (36). September 7, 1974.
  17. ^ a b "Local Programs Nov. 30–Dec. 6". TV Guide. 22 (48). November 30, 1974.
  18. ^ a b c d Erickson 2005, p. 901
  19. ^ "1974: Saturday Morning Schedule". Cartoon Network. Archived from the original on December 9, 2000. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  20. ^ "Boomerang Schedule: Saturday, June 19, 2004". Cartoon Network. June 19, 2004. Archived from the original on June 19, 2004. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  21. ^ "Saturday Morning Cartoons – 1970's Volume 1". Barnes & Noble. May 26, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  22. ^ "Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch (TV Animated)". Warner Archive Collection. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  23. ^ a b Byrne 2006, p. 21
  24. ^ Booker 2014, p. 499
  25. ^ a b Sacks, Dallas & Dykema 2014, p. 157
  26. ^ Overstreet 2010, p. 269
  27. ^ "Local Programs Sept. 14–20". TV Guide. 22 (37). September 14, 1974.
  28. ^ "Local Programs Sept. 21–27". TV Guide. 22 (38). September 21, 1974.
  29. ^ "Local Programs Sept. 28–Oct. 4". TV Guide. 22 (39). September 28, 1974.
  30. ^ "Local Programs Oct. 5–11". TV Guide. 22 (40). October 5, 1974.
  31. ^ "Local Programs Oct. 12–18". TV Guide. 22 (41). October 12, 1974.
  32. ^ "Local Programs Oct. 19–25". TV Guide. 22 (42). October 19, 1974.
  33. ^ "Local Programs Oct. 26–Nov. 1". TV Guide. 22 (43). October 26, 1974.
  34. ^ "Local Programs Nov. 2–8". TV Guide. 22 (44). November 2, 1974.
  35. ^ "Local Programs Nov. 9–15". TV Guide. 22 (45). November 9, 1974.
  36. ^ Middleton 2015, p. 433
  37. ^ "Local Programs Nov. 16–22". TV Guide. 22 (46). November 16, 1974.
  38. ^ "Local Programs Nov. 23–29". TV Guide. 22 (47). November 23, 1974.
  39. ^ Anderson, Jack; Whitten, Les (June 3, 1975). "Saturday Mayhem". The Sumter Daily Item: 5. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  40. ^ a b Perlmutter 2014, p. 157

Bibliography

  • Booker, M. Keith (October 28, 2014). Comics Through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas [4 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO Publishing. ISBN 978-0313397516.
  • Browne, Ray Broadus; Browne, Pat (2001). The Guide to United States Popular Culture (illustrated ed.). Popular Press. ISBN 0879728213.
  • Byrne, John (2006). Modern Masters Volume 7: John Byrne (reprinted ed.). TwoMorrows Publishing. ISBN 189390556X.
  • Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-1476665993. 2 volumes.
  • Kaye, Evelyn (1979). The ACT Guide to Children's Television: Or How to Treat TV with T.L.C. (illustrated, revised ed.). Beacon Press. ISBN 0807023663.
  • Lentz III, Harris M. (April 26, 2007). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2006: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture (illustrated ed.). McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786429332.
  • Mansour, David (June 1, 2011). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrew McMeel Publishing. ISBN 978-0740793073.

External links

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