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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Weston Park
Weston Park 2018 07.jpg
The South (garden) frontage
TypeHouse
LocationWeston-under-Lizard, Staffordshire
Coordinates52°41′34″N 2°17′16″W / 52.6929°N 2.2879°W / 52.6929; -2.2879
Builtc.1670
Architectattributed to Elizabeth Wilbraham
Architectural style(s)Carolean
Governing bodyPrivate
Listed Building – Grade I
Official nameWeston Hall and service wings to north and east
Designated16 May 1953
Reference no.1039264
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameOrangery and attached link to house, 25 m west of Weston Hall
Designated16 May 1953
Reference no.1374071
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameGateway attached to south west of Stable Block of Weston Hall
Designated4 July 1985
Reference no.1374073
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameStable Block, 60 m to north east of entrance front of Weston Hall
Designated16 May 1953
Reference no.1188130
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameStables and Granary at Weston Hall
Designated16 May 1953
Reference no.1188133
Location of Weston Park in Staffordshire

Weston Park is a country house in Weston-under-Lizard, Staffordshire, England, set in more than 1,000 acres (400 ha) of park landscaped by Capability Brown. The park is located 10 miles (16 km) north-west of Wolverhampton, and 8 miles (13 km) north-east of Telford, close to the border with Shropshire. The 17th-century Hall is a Grade I listed building and several other features of the estate, such as the Orangery and the Stable block, are separately listed as Grade II.

Weston Park House and the surrounding parkland were given to the nation in 1986 by the 7th Earl of Bradford, with the support of the National Heritage Memorial Fund. It is now in the care of the trustees of the Weston Park Foundation. The house retains its art collection with over 30,000 objects and is open to the public.

History

Weston lies within land that was first mentioned in the Domesday Book when it was held by Norman Rainald de Bailleuil, Sheriff to Roger de Montgomery. The park is all that remains of the medieval deer park and forest. Originally belonging to the de Westons of Weston, it passed by inheritance to a branch of the Mytton family when their heiress, Elizabeth Mytton married Sir Thomas Wilbraham. Eventually the land passed to Earls of Bradford when their younger daughter, Mary Wilbraham, married Richard Newport, 2nd Earl of Bradford of the first creation.

The house was built in 1671 for Lady Elizabeth Wilbraham.[1] Although it is often claimed that she was her own architect, there is no conclusive documentary evidence for this and it is most likely that the executant architect was William Taylor, who is known to have been at Weston Park in 1674.[a][2] Lady Wilbraham was evidently an enthusiastic patron, however, and her heavily-annotated copy of Palladio’s book (I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura) remains in the collection at Weston Park. The three-storey, twelve-bayed south front of the house was originally the entrance front but alterations and improvements carried out in the latter 19th century for Orlando Bridgeman, 3rd Earl of Bradford of the second creation involved the movement of the main entrance to the east front. The original courtyard of the "U"-shaped house was roofed over above the ground floor, and closed off by a new front.[3]

In the eighteenth century, with the failure of the male line of the Newport Earls of Bradford, Weston was inherited by Sir Henry Bridgeman, 5th Baronet, whose mother Lady Anne Bridgeman (née Newport) was a granddaughter of Lady Wilbraham. The Bridgemans were already substantial landowners in Shropshire and in Warwickshire but chose to make Weston their main seat. Sir Henry Bridgeman commissioned Capability Brown to landscape the park. He also employed James Paine in the 1760s to make alteration to the house and to add a Roman Bridge and Temple of Diana in the park.[4][5]

Art collection

The collection includes many portraits from the 17th to 20th centuries, with rare pieces such as two portraits of ladies of the Wilbraham family by John Michael Wright, two early portraits by John Constable, and two portraits of apparently the same child by Sofonisba Anguissola. Most major English 18th-century portraitists are represented, and there are a number of portraits by Anthony van Dyck and his workshop; that of Sir Thomas Hanmer is especially fine. There is a George Stubbs of horses, and a pair of coastal scenes by Claude Joseph Vernet (Calm and Storm).[6] There is a rare toilet service in silver of 1679, one of only 12 English-made early services left in the country.[7] There is good furniture, including many pieces made for the house by Thomas Chippendale, and a room with tapestries from the Gobelins Manufactory made for Weston in the 1760s. The elaborately embroidered ceremonial purse (or "burse") of Sir Orlando Bridgeman, in his office of Lord Keeper of the Great Seal (1667-72), is displayed next to a portrait of him with it.

Beyond the house

The Roman Bridge
The Roman Bridge

Adjacent to the house is the estate church, dedicated to St Andrew. Pevsner describes the church as "an enterprise of Lady Wilbraham...[of] 1700-1".[8] The orangery,[9] stable block,[10] and granary, which all adjoin the house, have their own Grade II listings.[11]The 1767 Granary building was restored in 2009 with support from the Heritage Lottery Fund and regional development agency Advantage West Midlands.

There are gardens and a large park, which includes a lake and a miniature railway. The Grade I listed Roman Bridge crosses the Temple Pool in a single stone built arch.[4] The Grade I listed Temple of Diana is actually an orangery and garden house. Built in stone ashlar in three bays and fronted with ionic columns, the interior is decorated with painted panels by Giovanni Battista Innocenzo Colombo, depicting the life of the goddess Diana.[5] Paine later described the temple as "my greenhouse at Weston". Weston Hall suggests that hall and gardens were the inspiration for Blandings Castle in the Jeeves stories by P.G. Wodehouse.[2]

Visits and festivals

King George V's daughter Mary, the Princess Royal spent part of her honeymoon at Weston. In 1998 the G8 Summit Retreat was held at the house with heads of State or government present including US President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin. From 1999 until 2017 the grounds of Weston Park were used as one of the sites of the annual dual-site Virgin sponsored V Festival, the other site being Hylands Park in Chelmsford. The park is the site for the annual Midland Game Fair which takes place on the third weekend of September. The fair, which consists of traditional British country pursuits including working dog trials, fishing and animal husbandry, attracts up to 50,000 visitors from both Britain and Ireland.

Gallery

Footnotes

  1. ^ In support of William Taylor being the architect, Weston Park notes the architectural similarities between the house and the Church of the Holy Trinity at Minsterley, 30 miles away across the county border in Shropshire, which is known to be by Taylor.[2]

References

  1. ^ Pevsner 1974, pp. 305-306.
  2. ^ a b c "The History of Weston Park". The Weston Park Foundation. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Weston Hall and service wings to north and east  (Grade I) (1039264)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b Historic England. "Bridge at Weston Hall  (Grade I) (1039268)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "Temple of Diana  (Grade I) (1188135)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  6. ^ "The Collection at Weston Park Shropshire". The Weston Park Foundation. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  7. ^ "A Queen Anne silver-gilt toilet service –The Norfolk toilet service, Expert adviser’s statement, to the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest, Great Britain: Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 2012 (with useful Appendix on major toilet services in England), accessed 24 June 2015
  8. ^ Pevsner 1974, pp. 306-307.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Orangery  (Grade II) (1374071)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Stable Block  (Grade II) (1188130)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Stables and Granary at Weston Hall  (Grade II) (1188133)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2020.

Sources

See also

External links

This page was last edited on 20 April 2021, at 16:48
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