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Webster's New World Dictionary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Compact school and office edition, 1967
Compact school and office edition, 1967

Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language is an American dictionary first published in 1951 and since 2012 published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.[1]

Overview

The first edition was published by the World Publishing Company of Cleveland, Ohio, in two volumes or one large volume, including a large encyclopedic section. In 1953, World published a one-volume college edition (Webster's New World College Dictionary), without the encyclopedic material. It was edited by Joseph H. Friend and David B. Guralnik[2][3][4] and contained 142,000 entries, said to be the largest American desk dictionary available at the time.

The second college edition, edited by Guralnik, was published in 1970. World Publishing was acquired by Simon & Schuster in 1980 and they continued the work with a third edition in 1989 edited by Victoria Neufeldt. A fourth edition was published by John Wiley & Sons in 1999, containing 160,000 entries; a fifth, published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt in 2014, contains around 165,000.[5]

One of the salient features of Webster's New World dictionaries has been its unusually full etymology, that is, the origin and development of words and the relationship of words to other Indo-European languages. The work also labels words which have a distinctly American origin.

The college edition is the official desk dictionary of the Associated Press,[6][7] The New York Times,[8] The Wall Street Journal,[9] The Washington Post,[10] and United Press International.[11]

Publisher

Although the title refers to Noah Webster, the work is unrelated to the series of Webster's dictionaries published by the Merriam-Webster Company, which indeed are descended directly from Noah Webster's original publications. By contrast, Webster's New World Dictionary merely cites Webster as a generic name for any American English dictionary, as does Random House's line of Webster's Unabridged and derived dictionaries.

Webster's New World student and children's editions are produced for younger readers.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Acquires Award-Winning Culinary Program, Webster's New World Reference Titles and CliffsNotes Guides from John Wiley & Sons, Inc". Hmhco.com. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2013-10-14.
  2. ^ Gottlieb, Mark. "David B. Guralnik, Lexicographer, 1921–2000". Cleveland Arts Prize. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  3. ^ Cushman, Jr., John H. "David Guralnik, Lexicographer, Dies at 79". New York Times. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  4. ^ Guralnik, David B. (1953). The making of a new dictionary : a paper read before the Rowfant Club, November 30, 1951. Cleveland and New York: The World Publishing Company. p. 11. LCCN 53005527.
  5. ^ McIntyre, Michael K. (2014-10-17). "With publication of Webster's 'College 5' dictionary, the book that defined Cleveland editors' work is closed". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2014-10-19.
  6. ^ Angione, Howard, ed. (1977). "dictionaries". The Associated Press Stylebook and Libel Manual (1st ed.). New York: Associated Press. p. 68. ISBN 9780917360015.
  7. ^ The Associated Press Stylebook. New York: Associated Press. 2016. ISBN 9780465093380.
  8. ^ Siegal, Allan M.; Connolly, William (2015). "spelling". The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage (5th ed.). The New York Times Company. ISBN 9781101903223.
  9. ^ Martin, Paul (2002). "dictionary". The Wall Street Journal Guide to Business Style and Usage. Simon & Schuster. p. 68. ISBN 9781439122693.
  10. ^ Lippman, Thomas W. (1989). The Washington Post Deskbook on Style. McGraw-Hill. pp. 219–220. ISBN 9780070684140.
  11. ^ Martin, Harold; Cook, Bruce (2004). UPI Style Book & Guide to Newswriting (4th ed.). United Press International. p. xvii. ISBN 9781931868587.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 May 2021, at 15:10
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