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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Watkins Range
Watkins Bjerge
Watkinsmountains.jpg
Watkins Range
Highest point
PeakGunnbjørn Fjeld
Elevation3,649 m (11,972 ft)
Geography
Location
CountryGreenland
MunicipalitySermersooq
Range coordinates68°45′N 29°38′W / 68.750°N 29.633°W / 68.750; -29.633

The Watkins Range (Danish: Watkins Bjerge)[1] is Greenland's highest mountain range. It is located in King Christian IX Land, Sermersooq municipality.

The range was named after British Arctic explorer Gino Watkins.

History

Made up entirely of nunataks,[2] this remote range was formerly an unknown area. In 1912 Swiss geophysicist and Arctic explorer Alfred De Quervain crossed the Greenland ice cap from Godhavn (Qeqertarsuaq) on the west, to Sermilik Fjord on the eastern side and saw a range system that he named 'Schweizerland', marking the position and approximate height of Mont Forel, the highest point of that area[3] Lacking accurate data, Mont Forel was then thought to be the highest mountain in the Arctic Circle area, together with Petermann Peak far to the north.[4]

However, in 1930 Gino Watkins, leader of the British Arctic Air Route Expedition, discovered a new mountain range from the air located over 350 km to the northeast of Schweizerland[5] that he named 'New Mountains'.[6] This was the higher Watkins Range with the Gunnbjørnsfjeld, the actual highest summit in Greenland.[7]

In 1935 Lawrence Wager, who had been earlier with Watkins' 1930 expedition returned to East Greenland and opened a new route inland. During his venture he made the first ascent of the range's highest point, Gunnbjorns Fjeld. He was also able to sight as well the Lemon Range, a hitherto unknown range located to the north-east of Kangerlugssuaq Fjord.[4]

Geography

The Watkins Range is located in King Christian IX Land about 60 km inland from the Blosseville Coast. It is a system of nunataks surrounded by large active glaciers. The main glaciers are the large Christian IV Glacier to the west, the Rosenborg Glacier to the south and the Kronborg Glacier to the east.[1] The range has massive ice-covered peaks and exposed cliffs. The primary summit of the range is Gunnbjørn Fjeld 3,694 m (12,119 ft), also the highest peak in the Arctic.

The Lindbergh Range rises to the west, beyond the Christian IV Glacier. Other high nunataks are located nearby, some being part of the greater Watkins Range system, such as the Skaermen (Skærmen) to the west,[8] the Ejnar Mikkelsen Range[9] and the Borgtinderne to the east,[10] and the Lilloise Range to the southeast.[11] The Gronau Nunataks are located to the north at the edge of the Greenland Ice Sheet, separated from the Watkins Range by the Christian IV Glacier.[12]

'Rasmussens Range' (Knud Rasmussens Bjerge), from Knud Rasmussen Land mountains, is the name used in some sources to refer to the northern section of the range located between the 69th parallel north and the Gronau Nunataks.[13] However, there is a mountain range located in West Greenland that is known by the name Knud Rasmussens Bjerge.[14]

Mountains

The Watkins Range has a number of mountains higher than 3,000 m (9,800 ft), some of which are unnamed.[15] Among these the following deserve mention:

Climbing

The Watkins Range has excellent snow as well as ice routes for experienced climbers. Good climbing conditions are present for the most part in July and August.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Watkins Bjerge". Mapcarta. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  2. ^ GEUS Map - Northern East Greenland; Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 21 Map 4 - 1:1 000 000
  3. ^ Alfred de Quervain's Swiss Greenland expeditions, 1909 and 1912 in Polar Record, Cambridge Journals by William Barr
  4. ^ a b The Development of Mountaineering in East and North-East Greenland, An Outline History
  5. ^ The Swiss Expedition to Greenland 1938. André Roch
  6. ^ "Catalogue of place names in northern East Greenland". Geological Survey of Denmark. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  7. ^ Encyclopedia Arctica 14: Greenland
  8. ^ "Skærmen". Mapcarta. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Ejnar Mikkelsen Fjeld". Mapcarta. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Borgtinderne". Mapcarta. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Lilloise Bjerge". Mapcarta. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Gronau Nunatakker". Mapcarta. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  13. ^ Arctic Summits - Summit Climbs
  14. ^ Geonames - Knud Rasmussen Bjerge
  15. ^ "Watkins Mountains". Petter Bjørstad. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  16. ^ a b Google Earth
  17. ^ a b c "G4 Expedition, Watkins Mountains". Greenland Mountains. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  18. ^ AAJ - North America, Greenland, Swiss East Greenland Expedition
  19. ^ Mountain Info. Greenland 2006 Climb Magazine. January 2008 issue, p. 70

External links

This page was last edited on 5 April 2020, at 01:11
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