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Watertown, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Watertown, South Dakota
Intersection of Interstate 29 and Highway 212: The Redlin Art Center
Intersection of Interstate 29 and Highway 212: The Redlin Art Center
Nickname(s): 
South Dakota's Rising Star
Location in Codington County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Codington County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°54′12″N 97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyCodington
Founded1879[1]
Incorporated1885[2]
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyWatertown City Council
 • MayorSarah Caron[3]
Area
 • City25.04 sq mi (64.85 km2)
 • Land17.45 sq mi (45.20 km2)
 • Water7.59 sq mi (19.66 km2)
Elevation
1,732 ft (528 m)
Population
 • City21,482
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
22,153
 • Density1,231.1/sq mi (475.3/km2)
 • Metro
28,099 (US: 443th)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57201
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-69300
GNIS feature ID1258841[7]
WebsiteWatertown

Watertown is a city in and the county seat of Codington County, South Dakota, United States.[8] Watertown is home to the Redlin Art Center which houses many of the original art works produced by Terry Redlin, one of America's most popular wildlife artists. Watertown is located between Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeska, from which Redlin derived inspiration for his artwork.

The population was 21,482 at the 2010 census. It is the fifth largest city in South Dakota. It is also the principal city of the Watertown Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Codington and Hamlin counties. Watertown also is home to the Bramble Park Zoo. Watertown's residential real estate is considered the most expensive in South Dakota for cities of its size; the median price for a home in Watertown is around $200,000.[9]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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Transcription

Contents

Geography

Watertown is located at 44°54′12″N 97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056 (44.903433, -97.120437),[10] along the Big Sioux River.[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.04 square miles (64.85 km2), of which, 17.45 square miles (45.20 km2) is land and 7.59 square miles (19.66 km2) is water.[4] Watertown sits on the Big Sioux River and two major lakes, Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeska. Most of Watertown also sits upon a short plateau. Elevation at Watertown Regional Airport is 1,745 feet.

Watertown has been assigned the ZIP code 57201 and the FIPS place code 69300.

History

An 1883 bird's eye illustration of Watertown
An 1883 bird's eye illustration of Watertown

Watertown was founded in 1879 as a rail terminus when the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad reactivated part of a line it had constructed to Lake Kampeska.[1][12] Despite the prominence of rivers and lakes in the area, the city was named after Watertown, New York, the hometown of brothers John E. Kemp and Oscar P. Kemp, two of the city's founders. The town's name was originally planned to be named Kampeska.[1]

During the 1880s, Watertown prospered as a transportation hub after the railroads had been extended farther west. Along with several other cities, Watertown had been a candidate as capital of the new state of South Dakota,[1] although it lost out to the more centrally located Pierre. The city's current newspaper, the Watertown Public Opinion, began publishing in 1887.[1]

In the mid-20th century, Interstate 29 was constructed through eastern South Dakota.[13] The route included a slight bend to bring the interstate closer to Watertown.[13] The interstate's construction has been a major economic benefit to the larger communities along its route, including Watertown.[13]

Climate

In the last decades the climate is configured as hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), although it had a warm-summer previously (Dfb). Although it is a humid city it is relatively dry for its climatic category, due to its position in the Great Plains, which still provides an even greater thermal amplitude, especially in the higher values.[14]

Climate data for Watertown (Watertown Regional Airport), elevation: 533 m or 1,749 ft, 1893-2012 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
66
(19)
82
(28)
95
(35)
106
(41)
107
(42)
110
(43)
105
(41)
104
(40)
91
(33)
77
(25)
69
(21)
110
(43)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 41.9
(5.5)
46.3
(7.9)
62.3
(16.8)
78.6
(25.9)
86.6
(30.3)
91.8
(33.2)
95.9
(35.5)
94.6
(34.8)
90.0
(32.2)
79.7
(26.5)
62.7
(17.1)
46.3
(7.9)
97.9
(36.6)
Average high °F (°C) 21.0
(−6.1)
25.5
(−3.6)
38.3
(3.5)
55.3
(12.9)
67.8
(19.9)
77.1
(25.1)
83.4
(28.6)
81.6
(27.6)
71.7
(22.1)
58.6
(14.8)
40.2
(4.6)
26.1
(−3.3)
53.9
(12.2)
Average low °F (°C) 0.6
(−17.4)
4.8
(−15.1)
18.2
(−7.7)
31.8
(−0.1)
43.4
(6.3)
53.7
(12.1)
58.6
(14.8)
56.3
(13.5)
46.6
(8.1)
34.8
(1.6)
20.4
(−6.4)
7.3
(−13.7)
31.4
(−0.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −23.1
(−30.6)
−19.4
(−28.6)
−5.9
(−21.1)
14.9
(−9.5)
27.2
(−2.7)
39.3
(4.1)
45.8
(7.7)
42.4
(5.8)
29.4
(−1.4)
18.1
(−7.7)
0.1
(−17.7)
−16.0
(−26.7)
−26.5
(−32.5)
Record low °F (°C) −40
(−40)
−38
(−39)
−27
(−33)
−10
(−23)
16
(−9)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
32
(0)
9
(−13)
−2
(−19)
−20
(−29)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.55
(14)
0.59
(15)
1.05
(27)
2.09
(53)
2.86
(73)
3.69
(94)
2.88
(73)
2.28
(58)
2.05
(52)
1.54
(39)
0.78
(20)
0.51
(13)
20.87
(531)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5
(13)
7
(18)
6
(15)
3
(7.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(5.1)
5
(13)
7
(18)
35
(89.7)
Average precipitation days 5.3 5.4 7.4 8.5 10.9 11.2 9.7 8.0 8.3 7.1 5.9 6.1 93.8
Average rainy days 1.9 1.8 4.6 8.4 12.0 11.1 10.1 8.7 9.1 7.6 3.4 1.7 80.4
Average snowy days 13.8 11.8 8.8 4.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 8.5 13.3 62.9
Source: WRCC[15], pogodaiklimat.ru[16], Weatherbase[17] and USclimatedata.com[18]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880746
18902,672258.2%
19003,35225.4%
19107,010109.1%
19209,40034.1%
193010,2148.7%
194010,6173.9%
195012,69919.6%
196014,07710.9%
197013,388−4.9%
198015,64916.9%
199017,59212.4%
200020,23715.0%
201021,4826.2%
Est. 201822,153[6]3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
2017 Estimate[20]

The per capita income for the city was $18,994. About 5.7% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.[21]

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 21,482 people, 9,278 households, and 5,563 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.1 inhabitants per square mile (475.3/km2). There were 10,050 housing units at an average density of 575.9 per square mile (222.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 0.4% African American, 2.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 9,278 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 36.6 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,237 people, 8,385 households, and 5,290 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,328.9 people per square mile (513.0/km²). There were 9,193 housing units at an average density of 603.7 per square mile (233.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.25% White, 0.14% African American, 1.65% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. 47.1% were of German, 19.8% Norwegian and 5.9% Irish ancestry. 96.5% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 8,385 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

Education

Watertown has two institutions providing post-secondary education. Lake Area Technical Institute is a public technical school classified as a community college, offering degrees in areas such as Agriculture, Nursing, and Welding. There is also a satellite campus of Mount Marty College,[22] a private Catholic school based in Yankton, South Dakota.

Lake Area Technical Institute received the 2017 Aspen Prize for Community College Excellence, following three previous Finalist-With-Distinction honors in 2011, 2013, and 2015 (bi-annual competition/selection process). The Prize was awarded by the Aspen Institute in March 2017 in Washington, D.C. following an intense data collection process by Aspen officials that included a rigorous review of critical elements of student success including learning, completion, and employment after college.

Watertown has one public high school, Watertown High School, and one private boarding school, Great Plains Lutheran High School, of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.[23]

Watertown Middle School (7th and 8th grades) is the only public middle school in Watertown. Construction of the Middle School was completed in August 2015. The community’s “Prairie Lakes Wellness Center”, opened in 2017, is adjacent to the Middle School. When the Middle School opened in 2015, the prior middle school was completely renovated and became the Intermediate School (5th and 6th grades).

There are multiple elementary schools in Watertown. The five public elementary schools include: Lincoln Elementary, Jefferson Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, McKinnely Elementary, and Mellette Elementary. Immaculate Conception School is a private Catholic elementary school. St. Martin's Lutheran School is a private Lutheran elementary school of the WELS. Watertown Christian School is a private non-denominational Christian elementary school.

The Watertown Regional Library is the town's main library, located on 6th St. NE, and open every day of the week.

Harmony Hill High School was a catholic girls boarding school in Watertown from 1967 to 1974.

Points of interest

Sailboat on Lake Kampeska circa 1900.
Sailboat on Lake Kampeska circa 1900.

Local media

Television

Channel
(Digital)
Callsign Network Owner Web site
3.1 KDLO-DT
(Satellite of KELO)
CBS Nexstar Media Group www.keloland.com
3.2 KDLO-DT
(Satellite of KELO)
MyNetworkTV Nexstar Media Group www.keloland.com
7.1 K32DK-D
(Translator of KTTW)
Fox Independent Communications www.kttw.com
7.2 K32DK-D
(Translator of KTTW)
This TV Independent Communications www.kttw.com
46.1 K42FI-D
(Translator of KDLT)
NBC Red River Broadcasting www.kdlt.com
46.2 K42FI-D
(Translator of KDLT)
Antenna TV Red River Broadcasting www.kdlt.com

AM radio

AM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner City
950 AM KWAT News/Talk - Agriculture - Sports Radio Alpha Media Watertown
1480 AM KSDR The Talk of Watertown News/Talk Alpha Media Watertown

FM radio

FM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner Target city/market City of license
89.1 FM KPGT Religious Church Planters of America Watertown Watertown
90.1 FM K211EC Christian
WJFM-FM translator
Jimmy Swaggart Ministries Watertown Watertown
90.3 FM KJSD South Dakota Public Broadcasting NPR South Dakota Bureau of Information and Telecommunication Watertown Watertown
91.9 FM K220IT KNWC-FM Contemporary Christian University of Northwestern - St. Paul Watertown Watertown
92.9 FM KSDR-FM New Country KS93 Hot Country Alpha Media Watertown Watertown
96.1 FM KIXX The Best Mix Kicks 96 Hot AC Alpha Media Watertown Watertown
96.9 FM KDLO-FM 96.9 KDLO Country Classic Country Alpha Media Watertown Watertown
99.1 FM KXLG Soft Adult Contemporary, News/Talk TMRG Broadcasting, LLC Watertown Milbank
103.5 FM K278BK Christian Radio VCY America Watertown Watertown
104.3 FM KKSD 104.3 KKSD Classic Hits Alpha Media Watertown Milbank
106.3 FM KPHR Power 106.3 Classic Rock Prairie Winds Broadcasting Watertown Ortonville

Transportation

  • 20th Avenue South, 20th Avenue Southeast, and 29th Street Southeast-Alternate City Truck Route around the south side of Watertown.
  • 448th Avenue and North Lake Drive-Former South Dakota Highway 139; runs along the west side of Lake Kampeska.

Watertown also has one airport, Watertown Regional Airport, served by one commercial airline, and local bus service provided by the Watertown Area Transit Corporation.

Notable people

Notable visitors

Former President Barack Obama has visited the city twice, first in 2008 during his presidential campaign, and again on May 8, 2015, to address the graduating class of 2015 from Lake Area Technical Institute.

Major employers

Employer Sector Number of Employees As of Notes
Watertown School District Education 910[24] 2016 November
Terex Utilities Manufacturing 567[25] 2017 May
Prairie Lakes Health System Healthcare 547[24] 2016 November
Hy-Vee Retail 485[24] 2016 November Mostly part-time
Premier Bankcard Lending 380[24] 2016 November
City of Watertown Government 336[24] 2016 November
Worthington Industries Manufacturing 320[24] 2016 November
Walmart Retail 300 (approx.) 2017 July
OEM Worldwide/Sparton Manufacturing 272[25] 2017 May
Jenkins Living Center Healthcare 270[25] 2017 May
Dakota Bodies Manufacturing 247[24] 2016 November
Dakota Sioux Casino Entertainment 215[24] 2016 November
Lake Area Technical Institute Education 211[26] 2017 May
Target Retail 85 2017 July

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Hasselstrom, p. 29.
  2. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
  3. ^ Crisler, Dan (3 July 2017). "Caron sworn in as Watertown mayor; four City Council members also seated". Watertown Public Opinion. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  9. ^ "South Dakota Homes For Sale By City". South Dakota Real Estate Trends. RealEstate.com. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ DeLorme (2001). South Dakota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-330-3
  12. ^ Thompson (ed.), p. 173.
  13. ^ a b c Schell, p. 333.
  14. ^ "Watertown, South Dakota Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  15. ^ "WATERTOWN RGNL AP, SOUTH DAKOTA - Climate Summary". www.wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  16. ^ "Климат Уотертауна - Погода и климат". www.pogodaiklimat.ru. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  17. ^ "Watertown, South Dakota Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  18. ^ "Climate Watertown - South Dakota and Weather averages Watertown". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  19. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  20. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  21. ^ Watertown, South Dakota: Now. Watertown Area Chamber of Commerce and Convention and Visitors Bureau, 2006
  22. ^ "Watertown Campus". Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  23. ^ "Great Plains Lutheran High School".
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h Ebbers, Rochelle (2016). "2017 BUDGET". Watertown, SD. p. 10. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  25. ^ a b c "Top Employers". Watertown Works. 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  26. ^ "LATI Staff". Retrieved 1 June 2017.

Bibliography

External links


This page was last edited on 3 December 2019, at 00:34
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