To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Washington Initiative 933

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ballot Initiative 933 was a ballot initiative in the U.S. state of Washington in 2006. It concerned land use planning, and was voted down by 59% in the 2006 elections.[1]

The controversial initiative pitted the interests of real estate developers against environmental protection and preservation of natural resources.[2]

The initiative is also known as I-933, titled "Property Rights" by the Secretary of State, "The Property Fairness Initiative" by its supporters, and the "Developers Initiative" by its opponents.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/4
    Views:
    1 767
    1 208
    1 042
    821
  • ✪ Quincy, Washington - Where Agriculture Meets Technology
  • ✪ "Our Farms to Your Table" - WSDA
  • ✪ WKU Department of Public Health - Healthiest Nation
  • ✪ Lynching in the United States | Wikipedia audio article

Transcription

Contents

Content of the proposal

I-933 called for government agencies in the State of Washington to evaluate the effects directly on private real and personal property when implementing regulations or ordinances. It called for these government agencies to follow certain policies: either pay compensation when "damaging" property, to consider "less restrictive means," or to waive the implementation of the regulation.[3]

Cost

According to a study conducted by the University of Washington [4] the initiative would have cost taxpayers an estimated $7.8 Billion during the first five years after enactment. The same study also found that "Virtually every county would likely be faced with claims, yet none have a tax revenue source in place for paying them."

Other effects

I-933 would have impacted critical areas that are protected to prevent flooding and protect fish, wildlife and groundwater.[4]

Though it was described as establishing a "pay or waive" system, I-933 did not have the power to permit waivers in most relevant cases. This would have resulted in a "stymied decision" and uncertainty for both landowners and local governments, with the result of slowing down development permits.[4]

I-933 would likely have led to a greater role for federal government in the region.[4]

The initiative would have had implications not only for real estate, but on intellectual property rights, water rights, motor vehicles, securities and intangible commercial assets.[4]

People and organizations involved

Supporters

Supporters of I-933 argued that the proposal would have protected private property owners from "excessive land-use regulations or proposed regulations that damage the use and value of private property." [5]

A significant portion of the financial support for the campaign came from Americans for Limited Government, a libertarian-oriented group based in Illinois.[6]

Other supporters of the measure included:

  • Bainbridge Citizens United
  • Spokane Pro-America
  • Washington Cattleman's Association
  • Washington Contract Loggers Association
  • Farm Bureaus from Washington State

Opponents

Opponents of the initiative questioned why taxpayers should have "to pay some land owners to follow laws already on the books or waive those protections for the community".[7] I-933 required taxpayers to pay legal fees for all claims, including retroactive claims. Opponents of the proposal also pointed out that the Washington Farm Bureau represents primarily large corporations and has an established record of supporting Republican candidates with PAC money.[8] The Association of Washington Cities argued the Initiative would have cost taxpayers 4.5 billion dollars a year in claims against municipalities. Environmentalists claimed "Initiative 933 would dismantle ... (environmental) protections, making it extremely difficult to enforce the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act." Moreover, I-933 allocated no funding for the payments it required, raising fears that taxes would have been increased and/or that funding to key infrastructural programs would have been cut. Lobbyists in favor of the bill dismissed these accusations as scare tactics.[9] On October 10, 2006, all six of Washington's living former governors joined current Gov. Christine Gregoire to oppose Initiative 933. "I-933 is an extremely vague and loophole-ridden initiative that exposes our taxpayers to great expense," said former Gov. Gary Locke.[10]

Organizations that opposed the initiative included:[11]

Precedents

I-933 was similar to Initiative 164, a 1995 bill passed by the Washington legislature and subsequently repealed by ballot initiative (referendum 48.)

It was also similar to Oregon Ballot Measure 37 (2004),[12] as well as numerous 2006 initiatives promoted in other states (nearly all of which were defeated.)

References

  1. ^ 2006 General Election Results
  2. ^ Seattle Times July 7 2006
  3. ^ Full text of Ballot Initiative 933 (.pdf)
  4. ^ a b c d e The impacts of proposed Initiative 933 on real property and land use in Washington State [1]
  5. ^ Property for Sale
  6. ^ Pryne, Eric (October 16, 2006). "Your guide to Initiative 933". Seattle Times. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  7. ^ www.noon933.org [2]
  8. ^ Washington State Farm Bureau | The Voice of Family Farms
  9. ^ http://www.seattlepi.com/local284357_property08.html
  10. ^ State's former leaders oppose I-933
  11. ^ noon933.org [1]
  12. ^ Oregon Voters' Pamphlet - Measure 37

External links

This page was last edited on 13 October 2019, at 02:47
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.