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Washington, Missouri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Washington, Missouri
Downtown Washington at dusk, as seen from its Missouri River dock and park
Downtown Washington at dusk, as seen from its Missouri River dock and park
Nickname(s): 
Pipe City
Location of Washington, Missouri
Location of Washington, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°33′7″N 91°0′48″W / 38.55194°N 91.01333°W / 38.55194; -91.01333
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyFranklin
Named forGeorge Washington
Government
 • MayorSandy Lucy
Area
 • Total9.95 sq mi (25.76 km2)
 • Land9.45 sq mi (24.47 km2)
 • Water0.50 sq mi (1.30 km2)
Elevation
551 ft (168 m)
Population
 • Total13,982
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
14,081
 • Density1,490.53/sq mi (575.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63090
Area code(s)636
FIPS code29-77416[4]
GNIS feature ID0731664[5]
WebsiteCity website

Washington is a city on the Missouri River in Franklin County, Missouri, United States. The population was 13,892 from the 2010 census. It is the corncob pipe capital of the world, with Missouri Meerschaum located on the riverfront.

Geography

Washington is located at 38°33′7″N 91°0′48″W / 38.55194°N 91.01333°W / 38.55194; -91.01333 (38.551879, -91.013313).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.87 square miles (25.56 km2), of which 9.34 square miles (24.19 km2) is land and 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2) is water.[7] The city has a borderline humid subtropical climate[citation needed]. The majority of annual precipitation falls during the humid springs and summers. Typically, fall and winter are relatively dry. While snow is not rare, it is not as frequent as in the upper Midwest. An average of 19 inches falls annually.

History

City hall
City hall

Named after George Washington[8] after it came under American control, the town was first settled during the rule of the Spanish Empire. It was originally called St. John Meyer's Settlement and was the site of the Spanish log fort, San Juan del Misuri (1796–1803).

Family and followers of Daniel Boone settled the area across the river from Washington, Missouri starting in 1799. In 1814 a ferry boat was licensed for crossing the Missouri River to the north and the settlement became known as Washington Landing. In 1827 a town was laid out, with sale of lots starting in 1829. The cost of land was waived if the buyer could build a substantial house within two years. This encouraged many new settlers.

Substantial numbers of anti-slavery German families started moving to the town in 1833, and they soon overwhelmed the existing population of slaveowners. However, many of the original slaveowner's homes still remain throughout the town. Washington became a strong supporter of the Union during the American Civil War. The town was ransacked by Confederate General Sterling Price's soldiers, but they were unable to keep control of the area.

After the war, Washington became a railroad and steamboat transportation center. Its manufacturing industry while strong, is not as vibrant as it was decades ago. The town of Washington has 445 buildings on the National Register of Historic Places. Due to its historic charm, Washington has a growing heritage tourism industry, with visitors also attracted to the nearby Missouri Rhineland.

The Washington Bridge was constructed in 1934 and was the only bridge spanning the Missouri River in Franklin County. It was replaced with a new, wider bridge which was opened to traffic on December 3, 2018. The original bridge was demolished on April 13, 2019.[9]

In 1988, the first ever Walmart Supercenter opened in Washington, MO.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,421
18902,72512.6%
19003,01510.6%
19103,67021.7%
19203,132−14.7%
19305,91889.0%
19406,75614.2%
19506,8501.4%
19607,96116.2%
19708,4996.8%
19809,2518.8%
199010,70415.7%
200013,24323.7%
201013,9825.6%
2019 (est.)14,081[3]0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 13,982 people, 5,863 households, and 3,665 families living in the city. The population density was 1,497.0 inhabitants per square mile (578.0/km2). There were 6,319 housing units at an average density of 676.6 per square mile (261.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 5,863 households, of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 13,243 people, 5,258 households, and 3,501 families living in the city. The population density was 1,548.9 people per square mile (598.0/km2). There were 5,565 housing units at an average density of 650.9 per square mile (251.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.76% White, 0.85% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 5,258 households, out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was .

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,417, and the median income for a family was $52,433. Males had a median income of $36,163 versus $23,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,360. About 3.0% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Washington Public Library
Washington Public Library

School District of Washington operates public schools. Washington High School is the local high school.

Private schools:

Washington has a public library, a branch of the Scenic Regional Library system.[12]

Sister city

In 1990 Marbach am Neckar (Germany) became the sister city of Washington. Student exchanges and visitations between the two cities occur occasionally.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  8. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 168.
  9. ^ Adams, Jasmine. "Missouri River Bridge demolished in Washington, MO". www.kfvs12.com. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  10. ^ "Our History. Corporate - US". Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Locations and Hours". Scenic Regional Library. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  13. ^ Matt Pickens

External links

This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 17:36
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