To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Studio signage on parking area.

Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden is an 80 ha (200-acre) studio complex in Leavesden in Watford, Hertfordshire, in the East of England.[1] Formerly known as Leavesden Film Studios and still colloquially known as Leavesden Studios or simply Leavesden, it is a film and media complex owned by Warner Bros. The studios were all converted from an aircraft factory and airfield called Leavesden Aerodrome, a centre of British aircraft production during World War II. The nearest railway station is King's Langley which is a walking distance of 1.3 miles (2.1 km).[2]

The studios contain approximately 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) of flexible space which includes stage space, one of the largest filtered and heated stage-based water tanks in Europe, production office space, workshops and support buildings, along with an extensive 32 ha (79 acres) backlot which offers a 180-degree uninterrupted horizon, favourable for exterior sets. Following a £110 million refurbishment by Warner Bros., the studios are now one of the largest and most state-of-the-art filmmaking facilities in the world.[3]

Though the studios are owned by Warner Bros., all of the studio facilities are available to rent for any production. Since acquiring the site, Warner Bros. has opened a public attraction named Warner Bros. Studio Tour London – The Making of Harry Potter, which receives over 6,000 visitors a day at peak times. The site maintains a secure studio space within the same complex.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    2 508
  • CRHnews - #GoodyearBlimp touches down at Leavesden Aerodrome
  • Drone flight over the Laurels Track 2016



Leavesden Aerodrome

Leavesden Aerodrome
Airport typeAirfield and factory, closed
Ownerde Havilland Aircraft Company (c1940 – 1960)
Hawker Siddeley (1960–1977)
Rolls-Royce Holdings (1977 – closure)
LocationLeavesden, Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, England, UK
In use8 December 1941 – 31 March 1994
Elevation AMSL335 ft / 102 m
Coordinates51°41′24″N 0°25′08″W / 51.69000°N 0.41889°W / 51.69000; -0.41889
Leavesden Aerodrome is located in Hertfordshire
Leavesden Aerodrome
Leavesden Aerodrome
Location within Hertfordshire

Leavesden Aerodrome was a British airfield created in 1940 by the de Havilland Aircraft Company and the Air Ministry in the village of Leavesden, between Watford and Abbots Langley, in Hertfordshire.

Construction began in 1940 after the outbreak of World War II. The de Havilland company, who were based in nearby Hatfield, entered into a contract with the Air Ministry to produce would become known as the Mosquito fast bomber aircraft. Space for the large scale hangars needed to produce the huge number of aeroplanes required was not available at de Havilland's Hatfield Aerodrome. So the Ministry of Supply requisitioned this new site in Leavesden, which was an empty plot of land at the time from the Watford Corporation, and it was developed into the complex that it is today. The construction was enormously expensive so parts of the site were leased to the London Aircraft Production Group and The Second Aircraft Group. Under Handley Page, another Hertfordshire-based aeroplane manufacturer contracted to the Air Ministry, these groups produced the Handley Page Halifax heavy bomber. As a result, by the end of the war Leavesden Airfield was, by volume, the largest factory in the world.[4]

The two planes were both critical successes for Britain during the conflict. Due to the high priority placed on aircraft production, large numbers of workers were drafted with little experience or training in aircraft production, with over half the workforce eventually being female. As part of constructing the aircraft factory an airstrip was created, first so the planes could be tested and later to deliver the craft to their final destinations. The runway and control tower still remain to this day, even after two major renovations, in an effort to preserve the site's history. The runway is now the main road through the complex and the tower is currently an observation lounge.

After the war, the aerodrome was purchased outright by de Havilland, who themselves had a succession of owners in the following decades, including Hawker Siddeley from 1959, but ultimately they and the site were acquired by Rolls-Royce who continued production and design of helicopter engines. Under Rolls-Royce ownership the RTM322 engine for the UK Apache, Merlin and NH90 helicopters was designed, developed and produced at Leavesden as a joint venture with Turbomeca of France. The airfield was also used by commercial small business aircraft as the field is close to both the M1 and M25 motorways. However, by the early 1990s, Britain's manufacturing industry was in decline and Rolls-Royce had sold their interests in the site and transferred all work to their Bristol facility. Unable to find a new owner, by 1994 Leavesden Aerodrome was left disused and all but abandoned.[5]

The following units were here at some point:[6]

Leavesden Studios

The old "Leavesden Studios" sign in 2005

In 1994, Eon Productions' James Bond film GoldenEye was to be the next film in the series. Pinewood Studios, their traditional home studio, was fully booked with other productions, not being prepared for the series' unexpected return (production had been delayed for several years thanks to legal issues between MGM and Eon Productions). Facing little time to find a space in which they could build the number of large scale sets required, the production discovered the unoccupied Leavesden. The wide, tall and open aircraft hangars were uniquely well suited to conversion into film stages. Eon leased the site for the duration of their shoot and went about gutting the factories, turning them into stages, workshops and offices – in short a working film studio.[7] This process is shown on the 2006 DVD's special features. Members of the production crew, impressed by the enormous size of the filmmaking complex they suddenly had to themselves, jokingly called Leavesden "Cubbywood" after Eon's long serving producer Albert R. 'Cubby' Broccoli.[8]

Leavesden Studios, as the site was rebranded by its owners, quickly became popular after filming of GoldenEye was completed. A succession of major feature films made use of the site; in 1997, the first of the Star Wars prequels, The Phantom Menace, and later Tim Burton's Sleepy Hollow.

Film set of the Great Hall, Hogwarts at Warner Bros. Studio Tour London, loosely inspired by The Hall of Christ Church, Oxford[9][10]

By the year 2000, Heyday Films had acquired use of the site on behalf of Warner Bros. for what would be the first in a series of films, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone.[11] Every one of the Harry Potter films was based at Leavesden Studios over the following ten years.

While other productions—almost exclusively other Warner Bros. productions—made partial use of the studios, the site was mostly occupied by Harry Potter's permanent standing sets. Indeed, some films, such as Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and Sherlock Holmes actually made use of some of the Harry Potter sets since they were sufficiently appropriate for their Victorian setting and tone. During this time, however, it was noted that there were some ways in which the site's facilities might be improved. None of the stages were adequately soundproofed and the WW2 era ceilings had a tendency to leak during rainy weather.

One of the more noticeable exterior sets constructed on the Leavesden backlot (outdoors) was a row of ten houses (five per side) along a street, which was created for the Harry Potter series to represent Privet Drive.[12]

On 21 March 2010, there was a fire on one of the Hogwarts sets during filming of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 at Leavesden Studios. Not much of the set was badly damaged.[13]

In 2010, as the final Harry Potter film was nearing completion, Warner Bros. announced their intention to purchase the studio as a permanent European base, the first studio to do so since Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1940s.[14]

Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden

The entrance to Warner Bros. Studio Tour London – The Making of Harry Potter

By November 2010, Warner Bros. completed its purchase of Leavesden Studios and announced plans to invest more than £100 million into the site they had occupied for over ten years, rebranding it Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden. The studios make Warner Bros. the only Hollywood film studio with a permanent base in the United Kingdom.

Much of the redevelopment involved converting stages A to H into sound stages and equipping all the facilities with the latest fittings a production might require. The refurbished stages were conversions of the original buildings and the runway and control tower from the site's days as an aerodrome remain intact as well as all of the buildings' original structures. The full scale refurbishment and renovation of the production facilities were completed and the studios reopened to film and television work in 2012.[15][16]

As part of this redevelopment Warner Bros. also created two entirely new soundstages, J & K, to house a permanent public exhibition named the Warner Bros. Studio Tour London – The Making of Harry Potter, creating 300 new jobs in the local area.[17] Currently the whole attraction is dedicated to the making of Harry Potter and is now home to many of the series' sets, props and costumes. It was opened to the public in early 2012.

The first film to start shooting at the newly refurbished studios was Edge of Tomorrow.[18] Though the studios are privately owned, the shooting spaces are available to rent for any production.

On 30 June 2014, Warner Bros. announced the expansion of the studio, building three new state-of-the-art stages and adding a further 10,000 m2 (110,000 sq ft) of office space. The announcements were made after a reception celebrating the Creative Industries, hosted by Prime Minister David Cameron, and attended by WB's CEO Kevin Tsujihara and WB UK's MD Josh Berger.[19] Leavesden's trio of new sound-stages consist of one 3,250 m2 (35,000 sq ft) building and two 1,575 m2 (16,950 sq ft) buildings, along with 1,860 m2 (20,000 sq ft) of adjacent office space which were completed by the end of 2014. On the same day the filming of live-action The Legend of Tarzan got underway at the studio.[20] Following the refurbishments, the studios are now one of the largest and most state-of-the-art secure filmmaking facilities in the world.[3]

Royal opening

Almost twenty years after the complex was converted from aerodrome to film studios—and over a year since the completion of work on the newly refurbished studios—the site was officially opened by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on 26 April 2013.[21] On their visit, they were accompanied by the Duke's brother Prince Harry and J. K. Rowling (who had been unable to attend the tour's grand opening the year before), amongst other guests. Several hundred beneficiaries of supported charities were given invitations to the Studio Tour on the day of the visit. The royal entourage visited both the tour and the studios, viewing the props and costumes from Christopher Nolan's Batman films, before conducting the site's inauguration.[22][23]

2019 fire

On 10 July 2019, a fire broke out in one of the studio's sets, and would take responders 15 hours to extinguish. A set for the HBO television series Avenue 5 was damaged in the fire.[24][25]


Films that made use of the facilities include:[26]





Television shows that made use of the facilities include:

The footage used for theme parks that made use of the facilities include:

The studios have also been used for various music videos and television commercials, most notably support for the video for Jamiroquai's "Deeper Underground".

Studio tour

Potter's cottage, Godric's Hollow

Warner Bros. Studio Tour London – The Making of Harry Potter is a public attraction in Leavesden Hertfordshire, England. It is a permanent behind-the-scenes exhibition of the Harry Potter films.

The Studio Tour, opened to the public in early 2012. The grand opening event was attended by many of the Harry Potter film series cast and crew members.[33][34]

Each tour session typically lasting three and a half hours,[citation needed] the studio tour has the capacity to handle up to 8,000 visitors daily.[35] Despite Warner Bros. being the studio behind Harry Potter, the tour is not styled as a theme park, due to the fact that Warner Bros. sold the licence to do so to Universal Studios.[35]

Though the standard tour is self-guided, various guided tours are available at an additional cost.[36]


As early as 2001, on the heels of the success of the first film, Warner Bros. planned to build an attraction dedicated to the series in place and so began storing items from the films when they were no longer being used.[citation needed]

The tour's layout and overall presentation was designed by the Los Angeles-based Thinkwell Group in close collaboration with Warner Bros. and the actual filmmakers, including Production Designer Stuart Craig, Set Dresser Stephenie McMillan, Creature Designer Nick Dudman and Special Effects Supervisor John Richardson.[37] It only includes sets, props and costumes that were actually created for or used in the production of the Harry Potter film series. Sets like the Great Hall, Dumbledore's Office, Diagon Alley, the Ministry of Magic, Gryffindor Common Room and Boys' Dormitory, Hagrid's Hut and a 1:24 scale model of Hogwarts Castle.

The 1:24 scale model of Hogwarts on display


Since opening in 2012, TripAdvisor has reported The Making of Harry Potter as the highest-rated attraction in the world every year since.[citation needed]


Warner Bros. has continued to put on special features following a seasonal rotation, such as Dark Arts, Magical mischief and Hogwarts in the snow. Some installations like the Wand Choreography Interactive and the inside of the last No. 4 Privet Drive Exterior set have been so popular that they have remained after their respective features have closed.[38]

In January 2015, the attraction's first expansion was announced – a new Platform 9¾ section, where visitors are able to board the original carriages behind the Hogwarts Express steam engine used in the films. The setup includes the locomotive GWR 4900 Class 5972 Olton Hall (dressed as 5972 Hogwarts Express) and the British Rail Mark 1 train that appeared in the films, brought to life by John Richardson's special effects team. Finally a new green screen experience illustrates what working on the films is like from an actor's point of view. This section opened in late March 2015.[39]

The tour in Warner Bros. Studios, Burbank has been renamed Warner Bros. Studio Tour Hollywood[40] (previously it was known as the Warner Bros. Studios VIP Tour).[41][42] Warner has altered the tour, offering more facilities and options to visitors.[43] The latest expansion opening in Summer 2023 is the Warner Bros. Studio Tour Tokyo[44]

See also


  1. ^ "Find us | The Studios". Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Warner Bros Studios, Leavesden". 11 November 2020. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. "Leavesden". Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Leavesden Aerodrome – From Halifaxes to Hogwarts". Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Leavesden". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  7. ^ Goldsmith, Ben; O'Regan, Tom (2005). The Film Studio: Film Production in the Global Economy. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-74-253681-4. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  8. ^ Peter Aston, Pierce Brosnan, Martin Campbell (26 December 1995). GoldenEye The Secret Files (Uncut) (TV Documentary). Carlton Television. Archived from the original on 24 April 2023. Retrieved 17 October 2007.
  9. ^ "Harry Potter fans boost Oxford Christ Church Cathedral" Archived 15 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine. BBC. 25 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Visitor Information: Harry Potter". Christ Church, Oxford. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  11. ^ "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone | Leavesden Studios". Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Harry Potter filming locations – Leavesden Studios". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012.
  13. ^ "Fire on Harry Potter Set". National Ledger. 22 March 2010. Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  14. ^ Jaafar, Ali (27 January 2010). "Warner to buy Leavesden Studios". Variety. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  15. ^ Sabbagh, Dan; Sweney, Mark (9 November 2010). "Warner Bros buys Harry Potter studios in £100m boost for UK films". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 18 November 2022. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Press Releases – Newsroom – Time Warner". Archived from the original on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
  17. ^ "Warner Bros. unveils plans for Harry Potter attraction". Watford Observer. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 10 September 2022. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  18. ^ Kemp, Stuart (6 August 2012). "Tom Cruise's 'All You Need is Kill' to Shoot at Leavesden Studios". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  19. ^ Gallagher, Brian (30 June 2014). "Warner Bros. Expands Leavesden Studios as 'Tarzan' Begins Production". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  20. ^ Cox, Gordon (30 June 2014). "Warner Bros. to Expand Leavesden Studios as 'Tarzan' Starts Filming". Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  21. ^ "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge visit Harry Potter studios". BBC News. 26 April 2013. Archived from the original on 6 December 2022. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Royals enjoy a wizard time on Harry Potter studio tour". Watford Observer. 26 April 2013. Archived from the original on 18 November 2022. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  23. ^ "Photos: Duke and Duchess at Inauguration of Warner Bros. Studios Leavesden". Denver Post. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  24. ^ "Warner Bros Studios fire: Crews tackle blaze for 15 hours". BBC News. 11 July 2019. Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  25. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (11 July 2019). "HBO's 'Avenue 5′ Set Damaged In Fire At Warner Bros' Leavesden Studios In UK – Update". Archived from the original on 29 September 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  26. ^ "the - Productions shot at Leavesden Studios". Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  27. ^ "list of films made at Leavesden". BFI. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  28. ^ "Filming Gets Underway on "Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them"" (Press release). 17 August 2015. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  29. ^ Breznican, Anthony (22 February 2016). "Justice League begins shooting April 11 – EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  30. ^ Ritman, Alex (19 February 2018). "5 London Studios Hollywood Loves". TheHollywoodReporter. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  31. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (3 September 2020). "'The Batman' UK Production Halted Temporarily After Positive Coronavirus Test". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 4 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  32. ^ Lang, Brent (19 August 2020). "Robert Pattinson's 'The Batman' Resuming Production in September". Variety. Archived from the original on 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  33. ^ "Harry Potter Message Boards :: - Powered by vBulletin". Archived from the original on 12 August 2022. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  34. ^ "Cast & crew attend Warner Bros Studio Tour - The Making of Harry Potter grand opening -". Archived from the original on 25 September 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  35. ^ a b Sabbagh, Dan (10 June 2012). "Josh Berger on Leavesden film studios: Harry Potter's new chamber of secrets". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 18 November 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  36. ^ "Warner Bros. Studio Tour London's accessibility guide to the tour". YouTube. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2023.
  37. ^ "Warner Bros. Studio Tour London: The Making of Harry Potter | Thinkwell Group | Experience Design CompanyThinkwell Group, Inc". Archived from the original on 21 November 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  38. ^ Warner Bros. "Warner's list of upcoming special features at the tour". Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  39. ^ "Harry Potter Tour introducing Platform 9 ¾". Digital Spy. 26 January 2015. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  40. ^ Warner Bros. "Official site of Warner Bros. Studio Tour Hollywood". Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  41. ^ "aaa archival info on 'warner bros. studios VIP tour". Archived from the original on 22 January 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  42. ^ "'s archival info on 'warner bros. studios VIP tour". Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  43. ^ "the Warner Bros. Studio Tour London venue is also available to hire for private events". Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  44. ^ Warner Bros. "Warner Bros. Studio Tour Tokyo". Archived from the original on 8 March 2023. Retrieved 8 March 2023.

External links

51°41′36″N 0°25′11″W / 51.69333°N 0.41972°W / 51.69333; -0.41972

This page was last edited on 16 May 2024, at 21:32
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.