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Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Skyline of Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Flag of Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

Flag
Coat of arms of Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Coordinates (Olsztyn): 53°47′N 20°30′E / 53.783°N 20.500°E / 53.783; 20.500
Country Poland
CapitalOlsztyn
Counties
Area
 • Total24,191.8 km2 (9,340.5 sq mi)
Population
(31-12-2014)
 • Total1,443,967
 • Density60/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban
856,559
 • Rural
570,532
Car platesN
HDI (2017)0.825[1]
very high · 16th
WebsiteOfficial Voivodeship's website
  • further divided into 116 gminas

Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship or Warmia-Masuria Province[2] or Warmia-Mazury Province (in Polish: Województwo warmińsko-mazurskie, [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ varˈmiɲskɔ maˈzurskʲɛ], Russian: Варминьско-Мазурское воеводство), is a voivodeship (province) in northeastern Poland. Its capital and largest city is Olsztyn. The voivodeship has an area of 24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi) and a population of 1,427,091 (as of 2006).

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship was created on January 1, 1999, from the entire Olsztyn Voivodeship, the western half of Suwałki Voivodeship and part of Elbląg Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province's name derives from two historic regions, Warmia and Masuria. It is also the southern half of the pre-World War II German region of East Prussia.

The province borders the Podlaskie Voivodeship to the east, the Masovian Voivodeship to the south, the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship to the south-west, the Pomeranian Voivodeship to the west, the Vistula Lagoon to the northwest, and the Kaliningrad Oblast (an exclave of Russia) to the north.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The region was originally inhabited by the Old Prussian clans of the Warmians from whom the name Warmia hence from and the Galindians in Masuria. During the northern Crusade, the Old Prussians was conquered by the Teutonic Order and their land was granted to the order by the pope and the region became part of theState of the Teutonic Order. The Order encouraged the colonization by German settlers in Warmia (Ostsiedlung) and Slavic colonists from the region of Masovia from which the name Masuria hence from, and the Old Prussians became assimilated into the newcomers. During the Order rule, the region experienced a process of urbanization and economic boost due to the expansion of the Hanseatic league into the region. The Order later attacked their former ally Poland and conquered the region of Pomerelia from Poland and thus entered a long-lasting conflict with Poland who later entered an alliance with Lithuania who had been in conflict with the Order since the northern crusade. The war finally resulted in a rebellion of the urban population of Pommerelia and Warmia, who were no longer willing to pay for the orders wars, they accepted polish overlordship became an autonomous province of Poland-Lithuania known as Royal Prussia, while Masuria remains under the control of the Teutonic order. The conflict between Poland and the order finally ended in favor of Poland after the orders defeat at the Battle of Grünwald, the order state ceased to exist in 1525 when Grandmaster Albert of House of Hohenzollern secularised the state, proclaimed the Duchy of Prussia and became a vassal of Sigismund of Poland. The Prussian line of Hohenzollern extinct in 1618 with the death of Albert Frederick and the duchy was inherited by the brandenburgian line and Prussia entered a personal union with the electorate of Brandenburg known as Brandenburg-Prussia. The throne was inherited by Frederic I of Prussian who wanted to unite the Duchy with Brandenburg and also wanted to proclaim himself king of Prussia and therefore participated in the Russian-initiated Partition of Poland in which the province of Royal Prussia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia, unlike the most of the region, which became part of West Prussia, Warmia was reunited with the Duchy of Prussia and formed the Province of East Prussia. Together with the rest of the Kingdom, the region became part of the North German Confederation, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, and Nazi Germany. After the end of World war two, both the German as well as the Slavic Masurian population were expelled by the Polish government and the area was de facto annexed by Poland.

Amongst the most visited sights is the Masurian Lake District, which contains more than 2,000 lakes, including the largest lakes of Poland, Śniardwy and Mamry. Other recognizable landmarks are the Warmian castles (Lidzbark Warmiński Castle, Pieniężno Castle, Olsztyn Castle) and the Cathedral Hill in Frombork, where German-Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus lived and worked. The Lidzbark Warmiński Castle was later the residence of Ignacy Krasicki, nicknamed the Prince of Polish Poets. Święta Lipka in Masuria and Gietrzwałd in Warmia are popular pilgrimage sites.

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship has the largest number of ethnic Ukrainians living in Poland[3] due to forced relocations (such as Operation Vistula) carried out by the Soviet and Polish Communist authorities.

Cities and towns

Olsztyn is the capital of the Voivodeship and the largest city of Warmia
Olsztyn is the capital of the Voivodeship and the largest city of Warmia
The former royal city of Elbląg is the largest city in the western part of the Voivodeship
The former royal city of Elbląg is the largest city in the western part of the Voivodeship
Ełk is the largest city of Masuria
Ełk is the largest city of Masuria
Ostróda is the largest city in the western part of Masuria
Ostróda is the largest city in the western part of Masuria
Mikołajki with its well-known marina
Mikołajki with its well-known marina

The Voivodeship contains 49 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006):[4]

  1. Olsztyn (176,522)
  2. Elbląg (127,055)
  3. Ełk (56,156)
  4. Ostróda (33,419)
  5. Iława (32,326)
  6. Giżycko (29,667)
  7. Kętrzyn (28,000)
  8. Szczytno (25,680)
  9. Bartoszyce (25,423)
  10. Mrągowo (21,772)
  11. Działdowo (20,824)
  12. Pisz (19,332)
  13. Braniewo (17,875)
  14. Lidzbark Warmiński (16,390)
  15. Olecko (16,169)
  16. Nidzica (14,761)
  17. Morąg (14,497)
  18. Gołdap (13,641)
  19. Pasłęk (12,179)
  20. Węgorzewo (11,638)
  21. Nowe Miasto Lubawskie (11,036)
  22. Dobre Miasto (10,489)
  23. Biskupiec (10,348)
  24. Orneta (9,380)
  25. Lubawa (9,328)
  26. Lidzbark (8,261)
  27. Olsztynek (7,591)
  28. Barczewo (7,401)
  29. Orzysz (5,804)
  30. Susz (5,733)
  31. Reszel (5,098)
  32. Ruciane-Nida (4,894)
  33. Korsze (4,632)
  34. Górowo Iławeckie (4,554)
  35. Biała Piska (4,006)
  36. Mikołajki (3,848)
  37. Jeziorany (3,376)
  38. Ryn (3,006)
  39. Pieniężno (2,915)
  40. Tolkmicko (2,731)
  41. Miłakowo (2,665)
  42. Pasym (2,550)
  43. Frombork (2,529)
  44. Bisztynek (2,493)
  45. Miłomłyn (2,305)
  46. Kisielice (2,208)
  47. Zalewo (2,152)
  48. Sępopol (2,015)
  49. Młynary (1,837)

Administrative division

Warmian-Masurian Provincial Assembly building in Olsztyn
Warmian-Masurian Provincial Assembly building in Olsztyn

Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship is divided into 21 counties (powiaty): 2 city counties and 19 land counties. These are further divided into 116 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Olsztyn 88 176,522 1
Elbląg 80 127,055 1
Land counties
Olsztyn County
powiat olsztyński
2,840 113,529 Olsztyn * Dobre Miasto, Biskupiec, Olsztynek, Barczewo, Jeziorany 12
Ostróda County
powiat ostródzki
1,765 105,286 Ostróda Morąg, Miłakowo, Miłomłyn 9
Iława County
powiat iławski
1,385 89,960 Iława Lubawa, Susz, Kisielice, Zalewo 7
Ełk County
powiat ełcki
1,112 84,760 Ełk 5
Szczytno County
powiat szczycieński
1,933 69,289 Szczytno Pasym 8
Kętrzyn County
powiat kętrzyński
1,213 66,165 Kętrzyn Reszel, Korsze 6
Działdowo County
powiat działdowski
953 65,110 Działdowo Lidzbark 6
Bartoszyce County
powiat bartoszycki
1,309 61,354 Bartoszyce Górowo Iławeckie, Bisztynek, Sępopol 6
Pisz County
powiat piski
1,776 57,553 Pisz Orzysz, Ruciane-Nida, Biała Piska 4
Giżycko County
powiat giżycki
1,119 56,863 Giżycko Ryn 6
Elbląg County
powiat elbląski
1,431 56,412 Elbląg * Pasłęk, Tolkmicko, Młynary 9
Mrągowo County
powiat mrągowski
1,065 50,087 Mrągowo Mikołajki 5
Braniewo County
powiat braniewski
1,205 43,781 Braniewo Pieniężno, Frombork 7
Nowe Miasto County
powiat nowomiejski
695 43,388 Nowe Miasto Lubawskie 5
Lidzbark County
powiat lidzbarski
924 43,006 Lidzbark Warmiński Orneta 5
Olecko County
powiat olecki
874 34,215 Olecko 4
Nidzica County
powiat nidzicki
961 33,955 Nidzica 4
Gołdap County
powiat gołdapski
772 26,989 Gołdap 3
Węgorzewo County
powiat węgorzewski
693 23,641 Węgorzewo 3
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Seksty Lake in the Masurian Landscape Park
Seksty Lake in the Masurian Landscape Park

Protected areas in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship include eight areas designated as Landscape Parks, as listed below:

The Łuknajno Lake nature reserve (part of Masurian Landscape Park) is a protected wetland site under the Ramsar convention, as well as being designated by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve.

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship is twinned with:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  3. ^ (in Polish) Mniejszości narodowe i etniczne w Polsce on the pages of Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration. Retrieved on 9 September 2007
  4. ^ Stat.gov.pl
  5. ^ "Podolsk sister cities". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2010-04-29.

External links

This page was last edited on 30 November 2018, at 20:18
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