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Waltheof of Allerdale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Waltheof of Allerdale was an 11th- and 12th-century Anglo-Saxon noble, lord of Allerdale in modern Cumbria. Brother of Dolfin of Carlisle and Gospatric of Dunbar, Waltheof was son of Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria.[1] Both Waltheof and his brother Gospatric witness Earl David's Glasgow Inquest 1113 x 1124, and Waltheof also attests some of David's charters as king of the Scots later.[1] The account of Waltheof and his family in Cumbrian monastic cartularies (St Bees and Wetheral), says that he gave land in Allerdale to his three sisters, Octreda, Gunhilda and Maud.[1]

Waltheof had two sons and several daughters.[2] Alan (fl. 1139), succeeded to Allerdale.[3] The other son was named Gopspatric.[4] A definite daughter, Ethelreda, married Ranulf de Lindsay and then William de Esseville.[5] Another, Gunnilda, married Uhtred of Galloway.[3] Waltheof's partner appears to have been a woman named Sigrid or Sigarith.[3]

Waltheof's sister Octreda/Ethelreda married Donnchad mac Maíl Coluim, was briefly Queen Consort of Alba, and the mother of William fitz Duncan, mormaer of Moray.[6] After King Donnchad was killed in November 1094 it is likely that Ethelreda and infant William fled Scotland to Allerdale and the safety of her brother's family. William fitz Duncan appears to have inherited Waltheof's Allerdale territory from his mother.[7]

Waltheof seems to have become abbot of Crowland late in his life, but this Waltheof may be someone else.[8] The abbot of Crowland in question was a monk of Crowland Abbey before becoming abbot in 1125.[9] Abbot Waltheof was deposed by Papal legate Alberic of Ostia at the Council of Westminster.[10]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Hamilton, Mighty Subjects, p. 28
  2. ^ Hamilton, Mighty Subjects, pp. 28–29
  3. ^ a b c Hedley, Northumberland Families, vol. i, p. 241
  4. ^ Hedley, Northumbrian Families, vol. i, p. 239
  5. ^ Barrow, Kingdom of the Scots, p. 139
  6. ^ Phythian-Adams, Land of the Cumbrians, pp. 157–58
  7. ^ Oram, David I, pp. 93–94
  8. ^ Barrow, Acts of William I, pp. 193–94; Hamilton, Mighty Subjects, p. 29
  9. ^ Anderson, Early Sources, vol. ii, p. 170
  10. ^ Knowles, Brooke and London, Heads of Religious Houses, p. 42

References

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, ed. (1922), Early Sources of Scottish History A.D. 500 to 1286 (2 vols), Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd
  • Barrow, G. W. S., ed. (1971), The Acts of William I : King of Scots, 1165–1214, Regesta Regum Scottorum, vol. ii, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-85224-142-9
  • Barrow, G. W. S. (2003), The Kingdom of the Scots: Government, Church and Society from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Century (2nd ed.), Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-7486-1802-3
  • Hamilton, Elsa (2010), Mighty Subjects: The Dunbar Earls in Scotland, 1072–1289, Edinburgh: Birlinn, ISBN 978-1-904607-94-6
  • Hedley, W. Percy (1968–1970), Northumberland Families, Newcastle-upon-Tyne: The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle Upon Tyne
  • Knowles, David; Brooke, C. N. L.; London, C. M, eds. (2001), The Heads of Religious Houses : England and Wales. 1, 940–1216 (2nd ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-80452-3
  • Oram, Richard (2004), David I : The King Who Made Scotland, Stroud: Tempus, ISBN 0-7524-2825-X
  • Phythian-Adams, Charles (1996), Land of the Cumbrians: A Study in British Provincial Origins A.D. 400–1120, Aldershot: Scolar Press, ISBN 1-85928-327-6
This page was last edited on 5 June 2020, at 15:46
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