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Wallington Hall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wallington
Wallington Hall - 27.10.2020.jpg
General information
Town or cityMorpeth
CountryEngland
Coordinates55°09′07″N 1°57′25″W / 55.152°N 1.957°W / 55.152; -1.957
Current tenantsNational Trust

Wallington is a country house and gardens located about 12 miles (19 km) west of Morpeth, Northumberland, England, near the village of Cambo. It has been owned by the National Trust since 1942, after it was donated complete with the estate and farms by Sir Charles Philips Trevelyan, the first donation of its kind. It is a Grade I listed building.[1]

History

The estate was owned by the Fenwick family from 1475 until Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet had financial problems and opted to sell his properties to the Blacketts in 1688. He sold the rump of the family estates and Wallington Hall to Sir William Blackett for £4000 and an annuity of £2000 a year. The annuity was to be paid for his lifetime and that of his wife, Mary Fenwick. Blackett was happy with the deal as he discovered lead on the land and he became rich.[2]

The hall house was rebuilt demolishing the ancient pele tower house although the cellars of the early medieval house remain[3] although its was substantially rebuilt again, in Palladian style, for Sir Walter Blackett by architect Daniel Garret, before passing to the Trevelyan family in 1777.

After Pauline Jermyn married the naturalist Sir Walter Calverley Trevelyan, they began hosting literary and scientific figures at the Hall.[4] As a cultural centre, Wallington visitors included the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

Elsa and Mary Bell (The late Lady Trevelyan), 1899 by Lady Caroline Grosvenor.
Elsa and Mary Bell (The late Lady Trevelyan), 1899 by Lady Caroline Grosvenor.

Sir Charles Philips Trevelyan inherited the property from his father, Sir George Otto Trevelyan, in 1928. He was a leading member of Liberal and Labour governments. Charles was married to "Molly", Lady Mary Trevelyan.[5]

Description

Set in 100 acres (40 ha) of rolling parkland, the estate includes a wooded dene (valley), ornamental lakes, lawns, and a recently refurbished walled garden.

Alongside the beautifully furnished interior, attractions inside the house include the desk where Thomas Babington Macaulay, brother-in-law of Sir Charles Trevelyan, wrote his History of England, a large collection of antique dollshouses and eight murals in the central hall depicting the history of Northumberland, painted by William Bell Scott.

The National Trust also own the estate of which the house is a part; the produce from these farms, as well as others in the region, was sold in a farm shop on site. The farm shop closed in 2012.

See also

References

  1. ^ Historic England. "Wallington Hall (1042869)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  2. ^ "BLACKETT, Sir William, 1st Bt. (1657-1705), of Greyfriars House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Wallington Hall, Northumb. | History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  3. ^ "The Blacketts and the building of Wallington". National Trust. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  4. ^ Bonney, Thomas George (1897). "Trevelyan, Walter Calverley" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 52. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  5. ^ "Trevelyan [née Bell], Mary Katharine [Molly], Lady Trevelyan (1881–1966), political hostess and voluntary worker". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/53939. Retrieved 4 May 2021.

External links

Further reading

  • Kirtley, Allan, Longbottom, Patricia, Blackett, Martin. A History of the Blacketts. (2013) The Blacketts. ISBN 978-0-9575675-0-4. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.
  • Moran, Mollie. Minding the Manor: the Memoir of a 1930s English Kitchen Maid. 2014, Lyons Press. First published in the UK in 2013 as Aprons and Silver Spoons by Penguin Books.
This page was last edited on 6 May 2021, at 15:39
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