To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

WTTE logo 2021.png
Columbus, Ohio
United States
ChannelsDigital: 27 (UHF)
Virtual: 28
Affiliations28.1: TBD
28.2: Antenna TV
53.1: The CW
53.2: Charge!
OwnerCunningham Broadcasting
(Columbus (WTTE-TV) Licensee, Inc.)
OperatorSinclair Broadcast Group
(via LMA)
broadcast: WSYX, WWHO
cable: Bally Sports Ohio, Bally Sports Great Lakes
First air date
June 1, 1984 (37 years ago) (1984-06-01)
Former channel number(s)
28 (UHF, 1984–2009)
36 (UHF, 2002–2019)
Independent (1984–1986)
Fox (1986–February 2021)
UPN (1995–1997)
Kids' WB! (2000–2001)
The Tube (2006–2007)
Dark (2007–2010, 2012–2014)
theCoolTV (2010–2012)
GetTV (2014–June 2017)
TBD (June 2017–February 2021; now on the main subchannel)
Stadium (February–April 2021; now on WSYX-DT4)
ASN (until August 2017)
Stadium (August 2017–February 2021)
Call sign meaning
Television Twenty-Eight
Technical information
Licensing authority
Facility ID74137
ERP1,000 kW
HAAT271 m (889 ft)
Transmitter coordinates39°56′14″N 83°1′16″W / 39.93722°N 83.02111°W / 39.93722; -83.02111
Public license information

WTTE, virtual channel 28 (UHF digital channel 27), is a TBD-affiliated television station licensed to Columbus, Ohio, United States. Owned by Cunningham Broadcasting, it is operated under a local marketing agreement (LMA) by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, making it a sister station to ABC/MyNetworkTV/Fox affiliate WSYX (channel 6). However, Sinclair effectively owns WTTE as the majority of Cunningham's stock is owned by the family of deceased group founder Julian Smith. Sinclair also operates Chillicothe-licensed CW affiliate WWHO (channel 53) under a separate shared services agreement (SSA) with owner Manhan Media. The three stations share studios on Dublin Road in Grandview Heights (with a Columbus mailing address); WTTE's transmitter is located in the Franklinton section of Columbus.

A charter Fox affiliate from the network's sign-on from 1986 to 2021, WTTE also served as the Fox station of record for the nearby Zanesville, Ohio market.


WSYX/WTTE/WWHO studios in Columbus. Note the "Cunningham Broadcasting Corporation" nameplate at the bottom of the road sign, signifying the owner of WTTE's licensed assets.
WSYX/WTTE/WWHO studios in Columbus. Note the "Cunningham Broadcasting Corporation" nameplate at the bottom of the road sign, signifying the owner of WTTE's licensed assets.
WTTE's final logo as a Fox affiliate, 2000-2021. The logo was slightly modified in 2021 to include the WSYX call sign when its intellectual property moved to WSYX 6.3.
WTTE's final logo as a Fox affiliate, 2000-2021. The logo was slightly modified in 2021 to include the WSYX call sign when its intellectual property moved to WSYX 6.3.

WTTE began operations on June 1, 1984 as the first general-entertainment independent station in central Ohio. The station was founded by the Commercial Radio Institute, a subsidiary of the Baltimore-based Sinclair Broadcast Group (at the time, called Chesapeake Broadcasting Corporation) as the company's third television station after WPTT-TV (now WPNT) in Pittsburgh and flagship station WBFF in Baltimore and, to-date, the last station built and signed-on by Sinclair. Much like its sister stations signed on by Sinclair, WTTE's callsign alluded to its location and channel number ("Baltimore Forty Five" & "Pittsburgh Twenty Two"), in this case "Television Twenty Eight". The station originally operated from studio and office facilities at 6130 South Sunbury Road in Columbus.

WTTE quickly became the dominant independent station in the area largely because its programming policy was far less conservative than that of the other independent in the area, Christian-oriented, WSFJ-TV (channel 51). Channel 28 was a charter affiliate of Fox, having joined the network at its launch on October 9, 1986 alongside sister station WBFF. (WPTT remained independent due to the higher-rated WPGH-TV picking up the Fox affiliation in Pittsburgh; Sinclair would acquire that station in 1990.) However, WTTE still effectively operated as an independent until 1993 due to the lack of network programming on Fox at the time. From 1995 until 1997, it carried a secondary affiliation with UPN which was then picked up by WWHO.

Merger with WSYX

In 1996, Sinclair merged with River City Broadcasting, owner of WSYX. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules at the time did not allow one person to own two stations in a single market. Sinclair kept the longer-established WSYX and nominally sold WTTE to Glencairn, Ltd. owned by former Sinclair executive Edwin Edwards. However, nearly all of Glencairn's stock was held by the Smith family, founders and owners of Sinclair. In effect, Sinclair still owned WTTE, and now had a duopoly in Columbus in violation of FCC rules. Sinclair and Glencairn further circumvented the rules by moving WTTE's operations into WSYX's Dublin Road studios under a local marketing agreement, with WSYX as senior partner. Glencairn owned ten other stations—all in markets where Sinclair also had a station. Sinclair was eventually fined $40,000 for its illegal control of Glencairn. The two companies attempted to merge in 2001 after the FCC allowed duopolies. However, the FCC would not allow Sinclair to repurchase WTTE. The FCC does not allow duopolies between two of the four highest-rated stations in a single market. Also the Columbus market, despite its relatively large size, has only seven full-power stations—too few to legally permit a duopoly. WTTE thus remained under the banner of Glencairn, which was then renamed Cunningham Broadcasting. However, the Smith family still controls nearly all of Cunningham's stock, so Sinclair still effectively has a duopoly in Columbus. By nearly all accounts, Sinclair has used Glencairn/Cunningham as a shell corporation to evade FCC ownership rules.

In 2000, WWHO switched its affiliation to UPN, but signed a deal with The WB to retain its programming on a secondary basis through what a Paramount Stations Group executive described as a "program license agreement."[1] As a result, WTTE picked up half of Kids' WB!'s weekday programming and aired it alongside its usual Fox Kids programming. This arrangement continued until 2001.

In 2006, all Sinclair-controlled Fox affiliates including WTTE extended their affiliation contracts until at least March 2012. WTTE-DT2 was formerly an affiliate of The Tube, a 24-hour digital music channel. Like other Sinclair-owned stations, this was dropped in January 2007, due to a disagreement between Sinclair and The Tube over E/I programming. The network ceased operations that October due to the lack of advertising.

According to Nielsen Media Research in the May 2011 ratings period, WTTE was the second most watched Fox affiliate in the United States in prime time. The station remains intensely competitive in the Columbus television market with it remaining an extremely strong competitor against WBNS-TV and WCMH-TV averaging roughly 300,000 viewers each night during the station's 10 o'clock newscast despite its earlier time slot. WTTE typically wins the demographic viewership battle each and every ratings period. The demographic win is a much sought after attribute for television sales associates in the area for local advertising purposes.

On October 18, 2010, the station reactivated its 28.2 digital subchannel for the first time since December 2006, with theCoolTV, a music video network which, unlike The Tube, had E/I programming pre-inserted as part of its national schedule. The network was discontinued as of August 31, 2012.

WTTE was also considered an alternate ABC affiliate airing that network's programs when WSYX is unable to do so such as during a breaking news emergency or local special.

On May 15, 2012, Sinclair and Fox agreed to a five-year extension to the network's affiliation agreement with the 19 Fox stations owned or controlled by Sinclair, including WTTE, allowing them to continue carrying the network's programming through 2017.[2]

On June 23, 2014, Sinclair signed a deal with Sony Pictures Entertainment to carry the GetTV network as a subchannel on 33 of its stations;[3] WTTE was one such station, and the 28.2 subchannel was reactivated.

On June 1, 2017, Sinclair replaced GetTV with TBD on WTTE's 28.2 subchannel. TBD is operated by Sinclair Television Group, a subsidiary of Sinclair Broadcast Group.

On August 21, 2017, WTTE's 28.3 subchannel began carriage of Stadium, which replaced ASN.

As a TBD affiliate

On January 7, 2021, Sinclair began simulcasting WTTE's main signal onto WSYX 6.3, as part of Columbus' adoption of ATSC 3.0. The next day, Sinclair announced that WSYX was now a dual ABC/Fox affiliate while WTTE was now a primary affiliate of Sinclair-owned TBD (moving over from 28.2), quietly moving WTTE's intellectual property including its main programming and Fox affiliation to WSYX permanently.[4] WTTE thus became the third station to have TBD as a primary affiliate and the fourth Sinclair-controlled station to have one of Sinclair's netlets as a primary affiliate, joining fellow TBD affiliates WXBU in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (serving Harrisburg) and KENV-DT in Elko, Nevada (a submarket of the Salt Lake City market), and Stadium affiliate KTXD-TV in Greenville, Texas (serving DallasFort Worth); like WTTE, all of the aforementioned stations except KTXD-TV once had a primary affiliation with a major network.

Although WTTE's Fox affiliation officially moved to WSYX on January 7, WTTE continued to air Fox programming on 28.1 for a transitional period for over-the-air users to get used to Fox programming on 6.3 until February 3, 2021 at 10 a.m., after which WTTE ended its simulcast with WSYX 6.3 and officially ending its broadcasting of Fox programming after 35 years. From that point, WTTE broadcast TBD on its main signal, making room as the ATSC 1.0 host for WWHO 53.1 and 53.2, with WCMH-TV serving as the ATSC 1.0 host for 53.3.[5] Simultaneous with the move, Stadium was moved to 28.2 and 28.3 went dark.

Much like other situations where Sinclair has merged two separately-licensed signals onto one, WTTE's intellectual property will still identify with the on-air branding of "Fox 28", but will now identify with the WSYX call sign for station identification purposes instead of WTTE. The change did not affect pay TV users, though it is not known if Sinclair modified its retransmission consent agreement with area TV providers to air WSYX 6.3 instead of WTTE after February 3 on its basic tier. It is expected that TBD programming would now air on the basic tier alongside WSYX 6.3 after that date.

In April 2021, Stadium and Antenna TV swapped channels, with Antenna TV taking over 28.2 while Stadium moved to WSYX 6.4.

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[6]
28.1 480i 16:9 TBD TBD
28.2 Antenna Antenna TV
53.1 720p WWHO-CW ATSC 1.0 simulcast of WWHO / The CW
53.2 480i Charge! ATSC 1.0 simulcast of WWHO-DT2 / Charge!

Analog-to-digital conversion

WTTE was one of only two full-power television stations in the Columbus market (the other being WWHO) that honored the original DTV transition date of February 17, 2009. The station shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 28, at 11:59 p.m. on that date, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[7] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 36, using PSIP to display WTTE's virtual channel as 28 on digital television receivers.

However, until March 3, as part of the SAFER Act,[8] analog channel 28 aired a repeating loop of a short informational film (in both English and Spanish) about the DTV changeover and how to upgrade to digital television. Analog channel 28 has since gone dark.

News operation

Sinclair never launched an independent news department for WTTE prior to its acquisition of WSYX, though with WBFF and WPGH-TV in Pittsburgh launching news departments in the 1990s (WPGH-TV has since shut theirs down in favor of airing a 10 p.m. newscast from WPXI), it is likely Sinclair would have launched a news department for WTTE had it not acquired WSYX.

As a Fox affiliate, WTTE broadcast 25½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with four hours each weekday, three hours on Saturdays and 2½ hours on Sundays).

See also


  1. ^ Schneider, Michael (February 22, 2000). "Sharing the wealth". Variety. Retrieved April 22, 2012. With Paramount's WWHO Columbus and WLWC Providence about to make a long-planned switch from the WB to UPN…
  2. ^ Sinclair Reups With Fox, Gets WUTB Option, TVNewsCheck, May 15, 2012.
  3. ^ "GetTV Signs Big Affiliation Deal With Sinclair," from TVNewsCheck, 6/23/2014
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WTTE
  7. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations
  8. ^ "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 October 2021, at 14:41
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.