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WTC Cortlandt station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 WTC Cortlandt
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Station platforms on reopening day, facing north.
Station statistics
Address180 Greenwich Street,
New York, NY 10007 United States
LocaleFinancial District, World Trade Center
Coordinates40°42′40″N 74°00′45″W / 40.7110°N 74.0124°W / 40.7110; -74.0124
DivisionA (IRT)[1]
Line   IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services   1 all times (all times)
TransitAt Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street:
   2 all times (all times)
   3 all except late nights (all except late nights)​
   A all times (all times)
   C all except late nights (all except late nights)
   E all times (all times)​
   N late nights (late nights)
   R all except late nights (all except late nights)
   W weekdays only (weekdays only)
Subway transportation
Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH: NWK–WTC, HOB–WTC (at World Trade Center)
Platforms2 side platforms
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1918; 103 years ago (1918-07-01)
ClosedSeptember 11, 2001; 20 years ago (2001-09-11) (demolished following September 11 attacks)
ReopenedSeptember 8, 2018; 3 years ago (2018-09-08)[2]
Station code328[3]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Former/other namesCortlandt Street
World Trade Center
20194,232,521[5]Increase 239.8%
Rank117 out of 424[5]
Station succession
Next northChambers Street: 1 all times
Next southRector Street: 1 all times
Track layout

Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times

The WTC Cortlandt station,[a] additionally signed as World Trade Center on walls and formerly known as Cortlandt Street and Cortlandt Street–World Trade Center station, is a station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway in Lower Manhattan. The station is located under the intersection of Greenwich Street and Cortlandt Way within the World Trade Center. It is served by the 1 train at all times.

The original Cortlandt Street station was built by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and opened in 1918 as part of the Dual Contracts. The station was renovated in the 1960s when the original World Trade Center was built. Around that time, the portion of Cortlandt Street above the station was demolished to make way for the World Trade Center. The Cortlandt Street station was destroyed on September 11, 2001. Although service on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through the area was restored in 2002, the station's reconstruction was delayed until 2015 because the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey had to first rebuild the World Trade Center PATH station beneath it. After an extensive reconstruction, the Cortlandt Street station reopened on September 8, 2018, as WTC Cortlandt.

The station contains connections to the PATH at the World Trade Center station, as well as an out-of-system passageway to the Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street and Fulton Street subway complexes via the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.


Early history

This mosaic was located in the station until it was removed in 1965 as part of a renovation. It is now located at the New York Transit Museum.
This mosaic was located in the station until it was removed in 1965 as part of a renovation. It is now located at the New York Transit Museum.

The Dual Contracts, which were signed on March 19, 1913, were contracts for the construction and/or rehabilitation and operation of rapid transit lines in the City of New York. The contracts were "dual" in that they were signed between the City and two separate private companies (the Interborough Rapid Transit Company and the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company), all working together to make the construction of the Dual Contracts possible. The Dual Contracts promised the construction of several lines in Brooklyn. As part of Contract 4, the IRT agreed to build a branch of the original subway line south down Seventh Avenue, Varick Street, and West Broadway to serve the West Side of Manhattan.[7][8][9]

The construction of this line, in conjunction with the construction of the Lexington Avenue Line, would change the operations of the IRT system. Instead of having trains go via Broadway, turning onto 42nd Street, before finally turning onto Park Avenue, there would be two trunk lines connected by the 42nd Street Shuttle. The system would be changed from looking like a "Z" system on a map to an "H" system. One trunk would run via the new Lexington Avenue Line down Park Avenue, and the other trunk would run via the new Seventh Avenue Line up Broadway. In order for the line to continue down Varick Street and West Broadway, these streets needed to be widened, and two new streets were built, the Seventh Avenue Extension and the Varick Street Extension.[10] It was predicted that the subway extension would lead to the growth of the Lower West Side, and to neighborhoods such as Chelsea and Greenwich Village.[11][12]

Cortlandt Street opened as the line was extended south to South Ferry from 34th Street–Penn Station on July 1, 1918, and was served by a shuttle.[13] The new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[14] An immediate result of the switch was the need to transfer using the 42nd Street Shuttle in order to retrace the original layout. The completion of the "H" system doubled the capacity of the IRT system.[11] The station was built at the intersection of Cortlandt and Greenwich Streets, in a part of Lower Manhattan nicknamed "Radio Row" because of the many electronics dealers on the street.[15] It had a standard two side platform layout with two tracks.[16] There were mosaic decorations by Squire J. Vickers or Herbert Dole depicting ships along each platform's wall.[17] Red i-beam columns ran along the entire length of both platforms at regular intervals with every other column having the standard black station name plate in white lettering; the name plates alternated between "Cortlandt Street" and "World Trade Center".[18]

Station renovation

On August 9, 1964, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) announced the letting of a $7.6 million contract to lengthen platforms at stations from Rector Street to 34th Street–Penn Station on the line, including Cortlandt Street, and stations from Central Park North–110th Street to 145th Street on the Lenox Avenue Line to allow express trains to be lengthened from nine-car trains to ten-car trains, and to lengthen locals from eight-car trains to ten-car trains. With the completion of this project, the NYCTA project to lengthen IRT stations to accommodate ten-car trains would be complete.[19] Work on the platform extension project took place in 1965 and 1966.[20][21] During the project, old tiling and mosaics were removed and replaced with the 1970s-style varnished, tan-colored brick tiles.[22] One of the mosaics was preserved in the New York Transit Museum.[17]

In 1965, Cortlandt Street west of Church Street was demolished to create the superblock of the World Trade Center.[23] The station, with entrances at Vesey Street and inside the World Trade Center concourse,[20] was separated from the remaining block of Cortlandt Street.[23]

During the 1980s, when service levels across the subway system were decreased greatly from their heyday in the 1910s, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority installed the system's first train-frequency schedules at the Cortlandt Street station. Older timetables and maps elsewhere had been removed since they had become inaccurate.[24]

Trains bypassed the station in the aftermath of the February 26, 1993, World Trade Center bombing.[25] Soon after, 1 trains were back to Chambers Street.[26] In 2001, just prior to the September 11 attacks, the Cortlandt Street station saw 19,446 riders per day.[27]: 8C-3 

September 11, 2001, attacks

Station destruction caused by September 11, 2001, attacks
Station destruction caused by September 11, 2001, attacks

The station and the surrounding subway tunnels were severely damaged in the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks following the collapse of Two World Trade Center, resulting in the closure of the line south of Chambers Street.[28] During the September 11 attacks in 2001, a train operator reported an "explosion" to the MTA's Subway Control Center one minute after the first plane struck the World Trade Center's North Tower at 8:46 a.m. Subway service was halted shortly afterward, and as a result, no one in the subway system died.[29] The steel I-beams of the station were crumpled and the station roof collapsed, as the tunnel had been located 40 feet (12 m) underground, relatively close to ground level.[28]

Soon after the attacks, two options were considered: either the existing line would be repaired, or the tunnel would be diverted westward just to the north of the World Trade Center site before heading to a new terminal at South Ferry.[30] The first option was chosen, and to quickly restore service to Rector Street and South Ferry stations to the south, workers demolished the remainder of the station and built walls where the platforms used to be. 975 feet (297 m) of tunnels and trackage, including 575 feet (175 m) of totally destroyed tunnels and tracks in the vicinity of the station site as it traversed Ground Zero, were entirely rebuilt. However, officials wanted only to reopen Rector and South Ferry stations at the time, and the Cortlandt Street station was to be closed completely, with no replacement.[31]

Eventually, it was decided that the Cortlandt Street station was to be rebuilt as part of the greater World Trade Center reconstruction project; since the station was such a vital one in the area, a permanent closure was infeasible.[31] As part of the project, the East Bathtub was extended under the line to the eastern boundary of the site at Church Street. George Pataki, who was the governor of New York at the time, stated, "This is going to help more than a million people by restoring service, help the recovery of lower Manhattan and sends a powerful message that New York City can't be stopped."[32] The Port Authority's chief engineer and others tried to convince him to temporarily shut down the line while the new transportation hub at the World Trade Center was under construction. The Governor's decision to keep the line open increased the cost of the project because the subway structure had to be underpinned.[33] The line reopened on September 15, 2002, with trains bypassing the site of the Cortlandt Street station.[34]

The northern entrance at Vesey Street was under a staircase to the plaza above. After the World Trade Center collapse on September 11, the staircase still stood and became known as the Survivors' Staircase.[35] The stairs were moved into the National September 11 Museum in July 2008.[36]

Reconstruction and delays

PANYNJ cleanup

The ruins of the former Vesey Street entrance (lower right) in 2006
The WTC site in 2008. The concrete structure at top is a subway tunnel that includes the former location of the original station

In 2007, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ), in the Environmental Impact Statement for the World Trade Center PATH terminal, expected the Cortlandt Street station to reopen in 2009.[27]: 8C-16  In October 2008, the PANYNJ stated in a report that it had come to an agreement with the MTA on reconstructing the Cortlandt Street station. The MTA would pay the Port Authority to rebuild the station as part of the Port Authority's World Trade Center Transportation Hub contract, in order to make the construction process more efficient.[37]: 50  The Port Authority was set to complete underpinning and excavation under the tunnel structure by the second quarter of 2010, and start basic construction of the Cortlandt Street station during the 3rd quarter.[37]: 50  In the second quarter report for 2010, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey confirmed that excavation under the tunnel structure of the World Trade Center site was nearly complete, and that construction of the Cortlandt Street station would begin during the third quarter of 2010.[38] Station finishes were set to start during the second quarter of 2011,[37]: 50  and work began on the station mezzanine and platforms in September 2011.[39]

The tracks were walled off for the protection of the workers while the construction progressed. From 2008[40] to 2011,[39] the 1 train used an enclosed structure for a short distance when passing the site of the station, as a result of the massive excavation in the World Trade Center site.[41] When the site was filled back in, the developers of the new World Trade Center rebuilt Cortlandt Street across the site as one of the primary roads, resulting in the rebuilt Cortlandt Street station again serving its namesake.[23]

Disputes between the PANYNJ and the MTA over who would pay for the renovation had caused the planned opening of the station to be delayed from 2014 to 2018. In 2013, the PANYNJ awarded a contract to rebuild the station. The first phase of the demolition of the original station cost $19 million.[41] The area was still being rebuilt in December 2013,[42] and in February 2015, the PANYNJ and the MTA agreed to finish the station. The part of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line on which the Cortlandt Street station is located, south of Chambers Street, was intermittently closed between May 2015 and 2018. This allowed construction at the station, which included station finishes, tiles and lighting,[43] to resume.[44]

MTA rebuild

The WTC Transportation Hub Oculus building
The WTC Transportation Hub Oculus building
View of a downtown 1 train entering the station
View of a downtown 1 train entering the station

The MTA gained control of the Cortlandt Street station's reconstruction project in 2015.[32] However, in January 2017, an independent engineer for the MTA said that the station's reopening could potentially be pushed back due to disagreements with station contractor Judlau Contracting. At that time, the MTA had spent $800,000 per month on the project, but it would need to spend four times as much money in order to meet the projected August 2018 deadline.[45] The PANYNJ agreed to grant the MTA "full access" to the Cortlandt Street station in June 2017 once the temporary World Trade Center PATH entrance was demolished and the station's foundation was poured.[46] The renovation included new Americans with Disabilities Act-compliant entrances with elevators,[46] track-intrusion systems, fire alarms, Help Points, CCTV cameras, countdown clocks and air conditioning.[47] A $1 million text-based marble mural by Ann Hamilton was installed in the station.[43]

By September 2017, much of the communications, power, and ventilation infrastructure was being installed, but contractor work and Port Authority utility relocation were significantly delayed. According to the MTA's Capital Program Oversight Committee, the contractor had to more than double its productivity to ensure an October 2018 opening, with substantial completion in December 2018.[48] In April 2018, several news sources affirmed the possible reopening date of October 2018.[32][49][50][51] By June, the station wiring was complete, architectural finishes and turnstiles were being installed, and elevators and escalators were being installed.[52] Station name signs with the text "World Trade Center" were being installed along the platform walls by August 2018.[53][54] The reconstruction of the station ultimately cost $181 million,[55][56] up from earlier projections of $158 million[57] and $101 million.[43] At that point, the television station WCBS-TV estimated that over a million trains had passed through the station without stopping.[57]

On September 7, 2018, several news sources reported that the station would reopen the next day in time for the seventeenth anniversary of the attacks.[2][54] The following day, the station indeed reopened with a ceremony.[58][56][55] A new name, "WTC Cortlandt", was chosen for the station because of its location under World Trade Center, in addition to paying homage to its historic name of Cortlandt Street.[59] However, work on the station had yet to be complete. As of September 2018, the MTA still had to complete the art on the northbound platform's wall, replace temporary ceilings, floodproof the station, and complete the north end of the station. The MTA projected that the work would be substantially complete by the end of December 2018.[60]: 10  As of July 2019, the station's reconstruction was 95% complete but some work remained to be done.[61]: 122 

Panoramic view of the rebuilt station

Station layout

G Street level Vesey Street, West Broadway, Greenwich Street, September 11 Memorial and Museum
Upper Concourse
Broadway and 7th Avenue Line stations[62]
Side platform Disabled access
Northbound "R" train toward 71st Avenue (City Hall)
"W" train toward Ditmars Boulevard weekdays (City Hall)
"N" train toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights (City Hall)
Southbound "R" train toward 95th Street (Rector Street)
"W" train toward Whitehall Street weekdays (Rector Street)
"N" train toward Coney Island late nights (Rector Street)
Side platform Disabled access
Balcony Westfield World Trade Center; elevators, escalators, and stairs to lower concourse
Side platform Disabled access
Northbound "1" train toward 242nd Street (Chambers Street)
Southbound "1" train toward South Ferry (Rector Street)
Side platform Disabled access
West Concourse Balcony Shops, passageway to Brookfield Place
Lower Concourse[62]
Subway passageway "2" train"3" train"A" train"C" train"E" train trains at Chambers Street–World Trade Center
"2" train"3" train"4" train"5" train"A" train"C" train"J" train"Z" train trains via Fulton Center
Subway crossunder MetroCard machines, turnstiles and entrance to Broadway Line platforms
Westfield World Trade Center Shops and booths
Subway crossunder MetroCard machines, turnstiles and entrance to 7th Avenue Line platforms
PATH fare control MetroCard/SmartLink machines, access to PATH platforms
West Concourse Shops, passageway to Brookfield Place
PATH platforms[62]
Track 1      HOB–WTC rush hours toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform A) Disabled access
Track 2[b]      HOB–WTC weekdays toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform B) Disabled access
Track 3[c]      HOB–WTC weekdays toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Track 4[d]      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform C) Disabled access
Track 5[e]      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Exchange Place)
Side platform (Platform D) Disabled access
View of the artwork CHORUS
View of the artwork CHORUS

The rebuilt station is located under Greenwich Street, at the same location as the original station.[63][64] It retains the two-track, two-side-platform layout, and is 20 feet (6.1 m) below the ground level.[64][65][39] There are columns between the tracks, except where the station passes over the World Trade Center Transportation Hub toward its north end. There is also a crossunder between the two platforms at the north end of the station, north of the hub.[66] The platforms feature gray i-beam columns with signs reading "WTC Cortlandt" on every other column. "World Trade Center" name signs are installed on the station's walls.[53] The station also contains an air-conditioning system.[59]

The 2018 artwork in this station is CHORUS, a $1 million, 4,350-square-foot (404 m2) weaving-based artwork by Ann Hamilton.[64] This artwork features words from several documents, including from the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and United States Declaration of Independence, embossed onto the station walls.[43][53][59]

  • Note: The following diagram depicts multiple lines; transfer to or from the WTC Cortlandt station (i.e., 1 service) requires payment of an additional fare.
 Fulton St to Cortlandt St subway cross-section
Greenwich St WTC Transportation
Hub (Oculus) /

Westfield Shops
Church St Broadway Fulton
Center /

Nassau St William St
1 R / W 4 / 5 J / Z south mezzanine
underpass underpass Dey Street Passageway underpass mezzanine J / Z north mezzanine 2 / 3
mezzanine ← A / C →


View of the main fare control area to the WTC Hub
View of the main fare control area to the WTC Hub
Entrance to the station from street level
Entrance to the station from street level

The rebuilt station is connected to the Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street and World Trade Center PATH stations within the World Trade Center Transportation Hub. The WTC Cortlandt station is located just west to the World Trade Center Hub's head house, which is known as the "Oculus".[65][39][67] There are a total of four entrances from the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.[2] Two mezzanines underneath the tracks, at the north and south ends of the station, give direct access from the subway to the PATH. The northern mezzanine contains access to both platforms, while the southern mezzanine only connects to the southbound platform.[66] There are additional entrances to the uptown platform from the Oculus building's upper balcony, as well as from the South Concourse, which connects to the basement of 3 World Trade Center.[65][66] There is an out-of-system connection to the Fulton Center via the WTC Hub.[39][68]

The southbound platform has two direct exits to the street. The first is an elevator and stair at Vesey Street at the platform's extreme north end, and the second is a pair of staircases to Cortlandt Way at the station's extreme south end.[66] The station is ADA-accessible via the elevator at Vesey Street, as well as existing elevators to the World Trade Center Transportation Hub. Additional elevators lead from each platform to the crossunder beneath the station.[52][66][68]

Prior to 9/11, the station's full-time entrance was located at the north end of the station at Vesey Street and West Broadway, where there was a turnstile bank and one full height turnstile.[69][70] The token booth at this exit was still intact until the last remnants of the station were removed in 2007.[71][72] The entrance to the World Trade Center Concourse[73] consisted of full height turnstiles at the center of each platform[74] and was only open on weekdays between 6:40 a.m. and 10 p.m.[20][f] At the station's southern end, there was an exit to Liberty Street through Four World Trade Center.[76]

Relation to nearby transit

Lower Manhattan transit
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
Chambers Street  J  Z 
 A  C  (  E ) Chambers Street–WTC
City Hall  R  W 
 2  3  Park Place
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
Broad Street (  J  Z )



  1. ^ According to an internal MTA document, train conductors are explicitly told to abbreviate the World Trade Center's name as "WTC" when making announcements for the station.[6]
  2. ^ Formerly track 1
  3. ^ Formerly track 2
  4. ^ Formerly track 3
  5. ^ Formerly track 4
  6. ^ The hours can be seen in the following video at the 0:52 mark on the door.[75]


  1. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Martinez, Jose (September 7, 2018). "Sources: A long-awaited Manhattan 1 train stop will reopen Saturday". Spectrum News NY1 | New York City. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "Restored 1 train service to WTC Cortlandt station". Facebook. New York City Transit. September 7, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  7. ^ "Terms and Conditions of Dual System Contracts". Public Service Commission. March 19, 1913. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  8. ^ "The Dual System of Rapid Transit (1912)". Public Service Commission. September 1912. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  9. ^ "Most Recent Map of the Dual Subway System Which Shows How Brooklyn Borough Is Favored In New Transit Lines". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 9, 1917. p. 37. Retrieved August 23, 2016 – via Brooklyn Public Library;
  10. ^ Engineering News-record. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1916.
  11. ^ a b Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections" (PDF). The New York Times. p. 12. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  12. ^ "Public Service Commission Fixes July 15 For Opening of The New Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subway Lines" (PDF). The New York Times. May 19, 1918. p. 32. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "Open New Subway to Regular Traffic" (PDF). The New York Times. July 2, 1918. p. 11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  14. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  15. ^ "Lost and Found Sound: The Stories". NPR. February 14, 2002. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  16. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  17. ^ a b "Terra cotta hexagonal plaque and tile border removed from the Cortlandt Street Station in the 1970s". 1918. Archived from the original on September 6, 2018. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  18. ^ "IRT Cortlandt St/WTC station looking south along southbound platform". New York City Transit. September 28, 2001. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  19. ^ "IRT Riders To Get More Train Room; $8.5 Million Is Allocated for Longer Stations and for 3 New Car Washers". The New York Times. August 10, 1964. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  20. ^ a b c Brennan, Joseph (2002). "Cortlandt St". Abandoned Stations. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  21. ^ Stoffman, H. J. (July 19, 1966). "Cortlandt Street Platform Wall: IRT West Side / Seventh Avenue Line". Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  22. ^ Levine, Richard (March 30, 1987). "Saving The Subway's Last Mosaics". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  23. ^ a b c Dunlap, David W. (September 27, 2016). "The Resurrection of Greenwich Street". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  24. ^ Levine, Richard (January 5, 1987). "Subway Schedules Coming (Again) To A Station Near You". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  25. ^ Ellis, Elaine A. (February 27, 1993). "Getting Out of Area Posed a Problem for Commuters". The Journal News. White Plains, NY. p. 5. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  26. ^ "Commuters should brace for delays". New York Daily News. February 28, 1993. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  27. ^ a b Permanent WTC PATH Terminal: Environmental Impact Statement. 2007.
  28. ^ a b Kennedy, Randy (September 13, 2001). "AFTER THE ATTACKS: TRANSIT; Part of Subway Tunnel May Have Collapsed Under Weight of Debris, Officials Fear". The New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  29. ^ U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (April 2002). "Effects of Catastrophic Events on Transportation System Management and Operations: New York City- September 11". Archived from the original on March 5, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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  31. ^ a b Kennedy, Randy (January 4, 2002). "Subway Line In Attack May Reopen Much Earlier". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  32. ^ a b c Rivoli, Dan (April 22, 2018). "No. 1 line to run again at Cortlandt St. station for first time since 9/11 destruction". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  33. ^ Sagalyn, Lynne B. (2016). Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money, and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan. Oxford University Press. pp. 485–486. ISBN 9780190607029.
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Further reading

External links

External video
video icon Video of the station taken in 1997-1998
video icon World Trade Center NYC. The Vesey Street entrance in 1999 can be seen from 3:45 till 3:57
video icon A rare view of Ground Zero on 9-16-01. The same entrance, already destroyed, can be seen from 5:25 till 7:20
video icon Ten Years Later: MTA Reflects on 9/11, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; September 7, 2011; 4:20
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