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Vrela Ribnička

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vrela Ribnička is a neighbourhood in Podgorica that borders the neighbourhoods of Kakaricka Gora, Masline, Ribnica and Stari Aerodrom. Vrela Ribnička is a subdivision of the larger Konik neighborhood. It is mostly a lowrise residential area, with very poor infrastructure. Most of the neighborhood has an appearance of a slum town. On its southeastern tip, it has a real refugee camp (which is more like a shanty town than a camp), a garbage dump and many garbage processing facilities. Vrela Ribnička contains one of the most notable auto-mechanics in Montenegro, Fratini, which is owned and operated by Naser Toskić.[citation needed]

Since the domestic population consists heavily of Roma, Vrela Ribnička is considered the largest ghetto in Podgorica.[1]

Geography

Vrela Ribnička is bordered to the north and east by the Ribnica. To the south, it is bordered by the village of Omerbožovići, and to the west by Ćemovsko Polje (Ćemo's Field).

Major streets in Vrela Ribnička include Spanish Warriors Street (Ulica Španskih boraca) and Hegumen Street (Ulica Igumanska).

History

Refugee camp

The Vrela Ribnička refugee camp is one of the five refugee settlements in Montenegro. Built in 1994, the camp houses many refugees of Bosnian origin displaced during the Yugoslav Wars. Financial support came from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The settlement consists of eight one-story residential buildings, containing 200 housing units altogether. A housing unit consists of one room occupied by one family and a common bathroom and toilet shared with adjoining neighbours. Intended for temporary accommodation, the quality of construction was initially low. As of March 1999, 196 refugee families live in the settlement, with a total of about 850 household members, most of whom were either born in Montenegro or had family in either Podgorica and/or Montenegro.[1]

Roma

Adjoining the settlement is a "tent camp" known as "Konik I," established in 1998 for displaced Kosovar Roma. In October 1998, the Podgorica Red Cross registered nearly 2,000 Roma in the tent camp. Construction on these facilities were so poorly completed that barely anything functioned properly, with repairs nearly impossible. Many of these Kosovar Roma had lived in similar conditions as they did in Kosovo.[1]

On 5 December 1999, the tent camp was badly damaged as a result of a storm, resulting in the loss of 170 tents, and homelessness of about 600 people. By April 2000, a new refugee camp, known as Konik II, was built with better infrastructure. By then, only 56 barracks had been built to accommodate 56 families, but only 14 were occupied.[2]

2000s construction boom

Vrela Ribnička, however, is now a site of Podgorica's many construction booms. One of the largest projects in Vrela Ribnička in 2007 was the reconstruction of the Spanish Warriors Street (Ulica Španskih boraca), which saw a new sidewalk put in place in both directions and new asphalt put in place. The project occurred between June and September 2007. This project, however, was scheduled to have been completed by 20 August 2007, but by that date, only three-quarters of the project had been completed. In addition to a street expansion, the bridge at its northern end crossing the Ribnica was rebuilt, and modernized. Negative impacts on the local population occurred as a result of the street expansion, however. It caused a drop in profits on businesses located on the street, as well as an increase in traffic on the much smaller Hegumen Street (Ulica Igumanska).

Another planned project is the construction of several apartment buildings for the Roma refugees. However, this project has been facing heavy criticism of the locals, as this might lower their property value and lower their neighbourhood's reputation, even though it already has a bad reputation for being home to Podgorica's Roma minority, as well as for raising one of the most dangerous children in Podgorica.[citation needed]

Education

Božidar Vuković Podgoričanin Elementary School (Osnovna škola "Božidar Vuković Podgoričanin“) is a primary school located in Vrela Ribnička. In 2006, the school was expanded to accommodate enrollment of children additional children between the ages of 5 and 7.

Demographics

According to the 1991 census, Vrela Ribnička had 7,854 residents.[1]

Ethnicity Number Percentage
Montenegrins 2,565 32.66%
Muslims 2,561 32.61%
Roma 1,334 16.98%
Serbs 438 5.58%
Albanians 363 4.62%
Yugoslavs 332 4.23%
Others 261 3.32%
Total 7,854 100%

References

  1. ^ a b c d Božidar Jakšić (March 1999). "The Life of Refugees in Vrela Ribnička" (PDF). Podgorica, Belgrade. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  2. ^ Božidar Jakšić (2002). Ljudi bez krova - Roofless People. Belgrade. ISBN 86-902915-1-2. Retrieved 26 September 2010.

This page was last edited on 23 April 2020, at 06:01
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