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Vrancea County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vrancea County
Județul Vrancea
Coat of arms of Vrancea County
Administrative map of Romania with Vrancea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97
Development regionSud-Est
Historical regionMoldavia, Muntenia
 • PrefectCătălin-Dumitru Toma (PNL)
 • Total4,857 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
 • Rank31st
 • Total340,310
 • Rank31st
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 237 or (+40) 337[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-VN
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.82 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 5,352 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council

Vrancea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvrant͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) in Romania, with its seat at Focșani. It is mostly in the historical region of Moldavia but the southern part, below the Milcov River, is in Muntenia.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    11 279
    3 230
    7 110
  • Vrancea, the land where history meets legend [PART 1]
  • VRANCEA-natura in poze
  • TULNICI - Vrancea
  • ROMANIAN hard working old people in the CARPATH mountains -VRANCEA county 2010 september
  • Serbesti Vrancea



In 2011, it had a population of 340,310 and a population density of 70.1/km2 (181.5/sq mi).

Year County population[3]
1948 290,183 Steady
1956 326,532 Increase
1966 351,292 Increase
1977 369,740 Increase
1992 392,651 Increase
2002 387,632 Decrease
2011 340,310 Decrease
2022 TBD


Hills near the Milcov River, which divides Moldavia from Muntenia.
Hills near the Milcov River, which divides Moldavia from Muntenia.

Vrancea County's area is of 4,857 km2 (1,875 sq mi).

A curvedly shaped mountainous area, known in Romanian as the Carpații de Curbură, lies in the western part of the county, at the Southern end of the Eastern Carpathians, with heights over 1,400 m (4,600 ft). To the East, the heights decrease into hilly areas and the lower valley of the Siret River.

The main tributary of the Siret, which crosses the county, is the Putna River.

Seismic hazard

The territory of Vrancea County is the most seismically active zone of Romania, with yearly earthquakes whose focal depths are between 80 and 160 km (50 and 99 mi) and therefore affect wide regions.

The earthquakes with the epicenter in Vrancea are caused by the movements of the nearby fault blocks. Devastating earthquakes measuring 7 to 8 on the Richter scale have been recorded.

The deadliest were the 1977 Vrancea earthquake, which killed over 1,500 people in Romania and Bulgaria, and the 1940 Vrancea earthquake which killed over 1,000 people. The most powerful was the 1802 Vrancea earthquake with an estimated intensity of 7.9 on the moment magnitude scale, but which killed only 4 people. Other notable earthquakes were the 1738 Vrancea earthquake, the 1838 Vrancea earthquake and the 1986 Vrancea earthquake.



Vineyards near Focșani, the seat of Vrancea County.
Vineyards near Focșani, the seat of Vrancea County.

The county is famous for its wines, being the biggest wine producer in Romania. Over 11% of the county surface is covered with vines. The county's best known wine regions are Panciu – 8,100 ha (20,000 acres), Odobești – 7,000 ha (17,000 acres), and Cotești.

In addition, the county's main industries are the following:

  • Foods and beverages;
  • Textiles;
  • Paper manufacturing and furniture making;
  • Mechanical parts and components;
  • Cookware and bakeware production.


The Suvorov monument near Focșani
The Suvorov monument near Focșani

County's main destinations:


The Vrancea County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  PNL-USR PLUS Alliance 17                                  
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 15                                  

Administrative divisions

Monument to victims of World War I in Adjud
Monument to victims of World War I in Adjud

Vrancea County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 68 communes

The current day borders of the Vrancea County, imposed on the Romanian counties of 1930
The current day borders of the Vrancea County, imposed on the Romanian counties of 1930
Communist coat of arms of Vrancea County, Socialist Republic of Romania
Communist coat of arms of Vrancea County, Socialist Republic of Romania

See also


  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  4. ^ "Final results of the 2020 Romanian local elections" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 December 2022, at 13:51
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