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Воткинск (Russian)
Вотка (Udmurt)
-  Town[1]  -
Votkinsk center.jpg

Central Square in Votkinsk
Map of Russia - Udmurt Republic (2008-03).svg

Location of the Udmurt Republic in Russia
Votkinsk is located in Udmurt Republic
Location of Votkinsk in the Udmurt Republic
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of March 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Udmurt Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of republic significance of Votkinsk[1]
Administrative center of town of republic significance of Votkinsk,[1] Votkinsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Urban okrug Votkinsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Votkinsk Urban Okrug,[2] Votkinsky Municipal District[3]
Head[citation needed] Vladimir Perevozchikov[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 99,022 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 168th
Time zone SAMT (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 1759[6]
Town status since 1935[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 427430-427459
Dialing code(s) +7 34145[citation needed]
Votkinsk on Wikimedia Commons

Votkinsk (Russian: Во́ткинск; Udmurt: Вотка, Votka) is an industrial town in the Udmurt Republic, Russia. Population: 99,022 (2010 Census);[4] 99,441 (2002 Census);[8] 103,509 (1989 Census).[9]


It was established in April[citation needed] 1759,[6] initially as a center for metallurgical enterprises, and the economic focus on metal related industry remains. Town status was officially granted to it in 1935.[citation needed]

The city of Votkinsk was one of the residence centers of the Udmurt Jews, who spoke Udmurtish Yiddish.[10]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Votkinsk serves as the administrative center of Votkinsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of republic significance of Votkinsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Votkinsk is incorporated as Votkinsk Urban Okrug.[2]


The Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology operates a machine plant in the town, the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant, which produces some of Russia's long-range ballistic missiles. Under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) concluded between the United States and the Soviet Union, the missile production facility at Votkinsk was selected for long-term on-site monitoring by U.S. inspectors. The corresponding site for the Soviet Union in the United States was the Hercules missile production facility in Salt Lake City, Utah.

The town gives its name to the nearby Votkinsk Reservoir, filled in the 1960s following the construction of a dam for the Votkinsk Hydroelectric Station.


The bandy team Znamya-Udmurtiya[11] has played in the highest division, and nowadays play in the second highest, Russian Bandy Supreme League.

Notable people

Inner courtyard of Tchaikovsky's Museum Estate
Inner courtyard of Tchaikovsky's Museum Estate

The town is the birthplace of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, a Russian composer who spent the first eight years of his life here. Today, the house of his birth is home to the Tchaikovsky Museum.

Also the high jumper Rudolf Povarnitsyn was born in Votkinsk. His greatest achievement was a bronze medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics for the USSR. His personal best jump of 2.40 metres, set in Donetsk, was also the world record from August 11 to September 4, 1985, when Igor Paklin beat it by one centimetre. Rudolf's record is unique in that his personal best preceding his record setting competition was 2.26 m.[12]

International relations

Votkinsk has a sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:



  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #46-RZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #68-RZ
  3. ^ Law #63-RZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 94. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  10. ^ Altyntsev A.V., "The Concept of Love in Ashkenazim of Udmurtia and Tatarstan", Nauka Udmurtii. 2013. № 4 (66), p. 131. (Алтынцев А.В., "Чувство любви в понимании евреев-ашкенази Удмуртии и Татарстана". Наука Удмуртии. 2013. №4. С. 131: Комментарии.) (in Russian)
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "Athletics – World Record progression". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved December 29, 2006.


  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №46-РЗ от 19 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Удмуртской Республики», в ред. Закона №60-РЗ от 12 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Известия Удмуртской Республики", №185, 12 декабря 2006 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #46-RZ of October 19, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Udmurt Republic, as amended by the Law #60-RZ of October 12, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №68-РЗ от 23 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границы муниципального образования и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования на территории города Воткинска Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Удмуртской Республики", №5, 25 июля 2005 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #68-RZ of November 23, 2004 On Establishing the Border of the Municipal Formation and on Granting Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation on the Territory of the City of Votkinsk of the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №63-РЗ от 16 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований на территории Воткинского района Удмуртской Республики», в ред. Закона №45-РЗ от 10 сентября 2007 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Удмуртской Республики", №5, 25 июля 2005 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #63-RZ of November 16, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Votkinsky District of the Udmurt Republic, as amended by the Law #45-RZ of September 10, 2007 On Amending Various Laws of the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).

This page was last edited on 23 April 2018, at 11:01
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